Coronal Knee Malalignment in Young Adults and Its Link to Body Measures
J Knee Surg DOI: 10.1055/s-0038-1646928Our aim was to report the prevalence of knee varus-valgus malalignment (KVVM) and its association with body mass index (BMI) and body height in a healthy and fit young adult population. Information on the disability codes associated with KVVM according to the Regulations of Medical Fitness Determination was retrieved from a medical database containing records of 17-year-old males and females before their recruitment into mandatory military service. Logistic regression models assessed the association between the BMI and body height to KVVM. The study cohort included 821,381 subjects (460,674 males and 360,707 females). The prevalence of KVVM was 0.9% in males and 0.6% for females. Under/overweight subjects were associated with higher prevalence of KVVM. The odds ratios (ORs) had a “J” curve pattern, increasing for underweight males and females, and even more so for above-normal BMIs (for obese males and for both overweight and obese females). The strongest association was between obese females and KVVM: an obese female had an OR of 22.864 (confidence interval [CI] = 20.683–25.725, p
Conclusions CoDE-seq has proven cost-efficient and highly effective as it avoids the sequential genetic screening approaches currently used in clinical practice for the accurate detection of CNVs and point mutations.
Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities, EarlyView.
We report four patients in China who were diagnosed with Cohen syndrome by genetic testing and clinical manifestations. At the same time, we review the related literature, and further expound the molecular mechanism of the disease, a variety of clinical manifestations, treatment and prognosis. PMID: 29758347 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Abstract In the United States, 54.4 million adults report having doctor-diagnosed arthritis (1). Among adults with arthritis, 32.7% and 38.1% also have overweight and obesity, respectively (1), with obesity being more prevalent among persons with arthritis than among those who do not have arthritis (2). Furthermore, severe joint pain among adults with arthritis in 2014 was reported by 23.5% of adults with overweight and 31.7% of adults with obesity (3). The American College of Rheumatology recommends weight loss for adults with hip or knee osteoarthritis and overweight or obesity,* which can improve function and m...
Mayer-Rokitansky-Kuster-Hauser syndrome (OMIM #277000) is a rare disorder of the female reproductive tract. Its etiology is still unknown for the majority of patients, even if the genetic background of this condition has been intensively studied. Chromosome 16p11.2 deletion syndrome (OMIM # 611913) is a well-known recurrent deletion syndrome that can present with various clinical phenotypes, including developmental delay, intellectual disability, autism spectrum disorder, obesity, and an increased frequency of congenital defects.
Patients with rheumatoid arthritis may be more likely to become disabled if they're obese, a U.S. study suggests.Reuters Health Information
(Reuters Health)—Patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) may be more likely to become disabled if they’re obese, a U.S. study suggests. Researchers examined data on more than 25,000 patients with RA. Most were overweight or obese when they joined the study. Those who were severely obese were more likely to report some disability at baseline. Over... [Read More]
Idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH) is associated with obesity, and weight loss is important to reduce intracranial pressure and improve visual function. A 38-year-old woman with IIH followed an extreme diet, which resulted in 30% weight loss (BMI moved from 34.9 to 24.6). Weight loss resulted in a significant reduction of papilloedema, normalization of intracranial pressure and improvement in headache pattern, but also induced a state of initial malnutrition, relevant depression and disability. She was discharged with the indication to start a controlled diet and improve physical activity: clinical situation get ba...
TUESDAY, May 1, 2018 -- Severe obesity is associated with more rapid progression of disability in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA), according to a study published online April 30 in Arthritis Care&Research. Joshua F. Baker, M.D., from...
OBESITY aggravates the symptoms of rheumatoid arthritis and makes sufferers more likely to become disabled, a new study has found.