Stereotypic Movement Disorders

This review summarizes motor stereotypies in terms of description, prevalence, pathophysiology, diagnosis and management. They are fixed and persistent movements. Stereotypies begin before 3 years of age and continue into adulthood. Primary motor stereotypies occur in children of normal intelligence, whereas secondary stereotypies ensue in the setting of an additional diagnosis such as autism spectrum disorder or other neurologic disorders. They are highly associated with comorbidities such as anxiety, obsessive-compulsive symptoms, inattention, and tics.
Source: Seminars in Pediatric Neurology - Category: Neurology Authors: Source Type: research

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Publication date: Available online 16 January 2020Source: Neuroscience &Biobehavioral ReviewsAuthor(s): Waqas Ullah Khan, Giorgia Michelini, Marco BattagliaAbstractPain often co-occurs with depression and anxiety, and together cause considerable social and economic burden. Twin studies have investigated the aetiology of these covariations. However, to our knowledge, no systematic review examining the covariation between these conditions has been conducted. We searched the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, EMBASE, MEDLINE, and PsychInfo for twin studies examining the covariation between pain with depression and/o...
Source: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews - Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research
With all the advances in modern medicine, it can be easy to wonder if there is a medication to stop drinking. Unfortunately, getting sober from alcohol isn’t as easy as simply taking medication. In addition to medication, therapy is required for the best long-term results, as well as support from loved ones and ongoing aftercare. However, there are some medications to help along in the process to stop withdrawal symptoms, block cravings, and create an aversion to alcohol. It is important to not rely only on medication to stop drinking. A commitment to behavioral therapy, holistic therapy, family involvement, self-ca...
Source: Cliffside Malibu - Category: Addiction Authors: Tags: Alcohol Alcohol Rehab Information Alcoholism Detox Resources for Alcohol and Drugs/Opiates alcohol abuse alcohol dependence alcohol detox alcohol treatment alcohol treatment center alcohol treatment facility Source Type: blogs
Alcohol is a toxic substance that can wreak havoc on the body, brain, central nervous system, internal organs, behavior patterns, emotions, and more. Long-term alcohol abuse can lead to serious damage to the body which, in some cases, can be irreversible and lead to certain chronic conditions. Detoxing from alcohol can present its own set of dangerous withdrawal symptoms and, as such, it is important to know what you need when you are ready to safely detoxify alcohol from your system. Preparation to Detoxify Alcohol When you’re ready to detoxify alcohol from your system, it is important that you and your loved ones ...
Source: Cliffside Malibu - Category: Addiction Authors: Tags: Alcohol Alcohol Rehab Information Alcoholism Detox Resources for Alcohol and Drugs/Opiates alcohol abuse alcohol dependence alcohol detox alcohol treatment alcohol treatment center alcohol treatment facility alcohol use Source Type: blogs
CONCLUSIONS: Sleep disturbances are more frequent in shift workers than DW. Depressive mood and anxiety symptoms were frequently reported in 3S, then EOD. Different shift schedules cab be a determinant of depressive mood and anxiety symptom. PMID: 31942766 [PubMed]
Source: Journal of Clinical Neurology - Category: Neurology Tags: J Clin Neurol Source Type: research
This study aimed to explore the prevalence and influencing factors of anxiety and depression among human immunodeficiency virus negative (HIV-negative) men who have sex with men (MSM) based on anal sex roles, so as to provide a scientific basis for the man...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Risk Factor Prevalence, Injury Occurrence Source Type: news
This study analyze...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news
ConclusionsA gamified, online social networking physical activity intervention did not change objective moderate-to-vigorous physical activity, though it did increase self-reported moderate-to-vigorous physical activity and achieve high levels of engagement. Future work is needed to understand if gamification, online social networks, and app-based approaches can be leveraged to achieve positive behavior change.Trial registrationThis study is registered at Australian and New Zealand Clinical Trial Registry (protocol: ANZCTR12617000113358).
Source: American Journal of Preventive Medicine - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research
ConclusionsThese findings suggest that several adverse psychosocial risk factors are independently associated with the onset of noncommunicable diseases.
Source: American Journal of Preventive Medicine - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research
Becker muscular dystrophy (BMD) results in a decrease of dystrophin with potential implications for cognitive and psychiatric complications. To better understand these concerns, we conducted a retrospective study of the neuropsychological symptoms and respective pharmacotherapies of 74 BMD patients. Eight (10.8%) patients exhibited autistic features, 26 (35.1%) exhibited inattention/hyperactivity, 23 (31.1%) had learning difficulties, 27 (36.5%) had language delays, 9 (12.2%) had global intellectual delays, 4 (5.4%) had features of tics or Tourette's, 27 (36.5%) had emotion dysregulation, 14 (18.9%) had obsessive-compulsiv...
Source: Neuromuscular Disorders - Category: Neurology Authors: Source Type: research
An international team led by researchers from UCLA and Massachusetts General Hospital has identified the first definitive genes associated with Tourette syndrome, giving scientists a long-sought foothold on the biology of the disease.The report in the June 21 issue of Neuron describes the discovery of rare mutations — either deletions or duplications of genetic material — in two neurodevelopmental genes, NRXN1 and CNTN6, in people with Tourette syndrome, a disorder characterized by multiple chronic, involuntary motor and vocal tics.“This is a first, key step in understanding the role of these genes in the...
Source: UCLA Newsroom: Health Sciences - Category: Universities & Medical Training Source Type: news
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