Local control and fracture risk following stereotactic body radiation therapy for non-spine bone metastases.

CONCLUSIONS: The results of this study confirm that SBRT yields high rates of long-term local control for non-spine bone metastases with a low fracture risk. PMID: 29706460 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Radiotherapy and Oncology : journal of the European Society for Therapeutic Radiology and Oncology - Category: Radiology Authors: Tags: Radiother Oncol Source Type: research

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Conclusions The recent, first randomized clinical trial demonstrated overall and progression free survival benefits after SBRT to oligometastatic disease which supports prior retrospective case series (6). The spine is a common site of metastatic bone disease, and as high quality data continue to mature, along with completion of additional randomized clinical trials, it is expected that utility of SBRT to the spine will increase in the future. Spine SBRT is unique due to the requirement of sharp dose falloff to prevent serious neurologic morbidity. With recent advances in radiotherapy planning, robotic patient positionin...
Source: Frontiers in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
Conclusions: 3D-HDR-BT achieves favorable clinical outcomes with mild late toxicity in patients with locally rNPC. Introduction Nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC), a tumor of epithelial origin, is a malignant disease of the head and neck common in southern China, especially in Guangdong province (1). As a result of advances in modern imaging and irradiation techniques, the 5-year overall survival (OS) of patients with newly diagnosed NPC without metastasis has reached 75% after external beam radiotherapy (EBRT) in Asia (2, 3). However, local recurrence, which occurs in 18–40% of patients, remains a major reason for...
Source: Frontiers in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
Conclusion: Fat fraction on MRI corresponded to fat content on histology and therefore contributes to lesion characterization. Measurement repeatability was excellent for ADC; this parameter increased significantly post-radiotherapy even in disease categorized as stable by size criteria, and corresponded to cellularity on histology. ADC can be utilized for characterizing and assessing response in heterogeneous retroperitoneal sarcomas. Introduction Soft-tissue sarcomas are often highly heterogeneous tumors with variable components that can include cellular tumor, fat, necrosis, and cystic change. In many soft-tissue ...
Source: Frontiers in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
Abstract To evaluate the planning target volume (PTV) margins for prostate cancer patients treated with initial intensity-modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) to pelvic lymph nodes and a proton boost to the prostate using cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) and radiographs as image guidance, We analyzed data from prostate patients (n = 15) treated with initial pelvic IMRT and a proton boost to the prostate. CBCT and 2-dimensional (2D) radiographs were used for IMRT and proton pre-treatment alignments, respectively. Translations from bony-matching, implanted marker seed matching, and seed-bony differences were...
Source: Physics in Medicine and Biology - Category: Physics Authors: Tags: Phys Med Biol Source Type: research
Conclusion: It can be concluded that the settling of the vacuum fixation was caused by air leakage in the latter-half treatment, and the immobilization device type has no effect on the treatment-position reproducibility in IGRT.
Source: Journal of Medical Physics - Category: Physics Authors: Source Type: research
Abstract PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the utility of pre-treatment multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging (mpMRI) in a modern cohort of intermediate and high-risk prostate cancer patients treated with primary radiotherapy. METHODS AND MATERIALS: One hundred twenty three men with National Comprehensive Cancer Network (NCCN) intermediate or high-risk prostate cancer were treated with primary EBRT and/or brachytherapy and had evaluable pre-treatment mpMRI with endorectal coil. Images were assessed for the presence of radiographic extraprostatic extension (rEPE), seminal vesicle invas...
Source: Urologic Oncology - Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Tags: Urol Oncol Source Type: research
Abstract Novel techniques of prostate cancer radiotherapy require increased precision, which is allowed by Image Guided Radiation Therapy (IGRT), using fiducial markers and orthogonal radiographs, cone beam computed tomography, magnetic resonance imaging, ultrasound, and/or transponders. IGRT may reduce the toxicity of radiation therapy, but there is no clear recommendation on the best IGRT technique and how often it should be applied. PMID: 30100124 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Cancer Radiotherapie - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Cancer Radiother Source Type: research
Conclusions The MRCAT pseudo-CT method provides clinically acceptable accuracy and precision for patient positioning for pelvic radiation therapy based on planar DRR images. Furthermore, due to the reduction of geometric uncertainty, compared to dual-modality workflow, the approach is likely to improve the total geometric accuracy of pelvic radiation therapy. PMID: 29405121 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Physics in Medicine and Biology - Category: Physics Authors: Tags: Phys Med Biol Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Prostate cancer patients who receive pelvic radiation therapy using PBT experience significantly less acute GI toxicity than is expected using IMXT. Further investigation is warranted to confirm whether this favorable acute GI toxicity profile is related to small bowel sparing from PBT. PMID: 29034790 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Acta Oncologica - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Acta Oncol Source Type: research
Conclusion PET/CT is a sensitive tool for the detection and localisation of orbital masses, enabling assessment of both morphology and cell metabolism. Detailed imaging of the head and neck region with a small field-of-view should be performed when suspecting lymphatic metastases. As metastatic disease to the orbit is associated with advanced disease, focus should be laid on whole-body imaging for staging of these patients. Different radiopharmaceutical tracers can be applied to distinguish the origin of orbital metastases.
Source: British Journal of Ophthalmology - Category: Opthalmology Authors: Tags: Eye (globe) Original articles - Clinical science Source Type: research
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