Amoebosis: May sexual transmission be an underestimated way of contamination?

CONCLUSION: The diagnosis of amoebiasis should be suspected in case of dysentery or liver abscess even if there is no history of travel in endemic areas or of sexual intercourse between men. PMID: 29703611 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Revue de Medecine Interne - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Rev Med Interne Source Type: research

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Conclusions: ivA was highly efficacious in this pediatric cohort. We observed episodes of mild to moderate posttreatment hemolysis in approximately one-third of patients. The legal status and usage of potentially lifesaving ivA should be evaluated in Europe.
Source: The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal - Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: Original Studies Source Type: research
In conclusion, the overall results present the molecular characterization of annexin B30, annexin B5a, annexin B7a and annexin B5b from S. mansoni in host-parasite interactions and strongly suggest that the molecules could be useful candidates for vaccine or diagnostic development.
Source: Molecular and Biochemical Parasitology - Category: Parasitology Source Type: research
In this study, we detected for just the second time a SINV infection in a diseased wild bird (common wood pigeon) from Central Europe. SINV was isolated by cell culture and the complete SINV genome sequence was determined. Phylogenetic analyses revealed a close affiliation to SINV genotype I with a high similarity to human isolate sequences from Finland, Sweden and Russia. The isolate was genetically distinct from the first avian isolate suggesting the circulation of at least two different SINV strains in Germany.In order to reveal the infection frequency in SINV positive mosquito regions 749 bird blood samples were assaye...
Source: Veterinary Microbiology - Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research
The objectives of this article are to review key aspects of the epidemiology of T. callipaeda, summarise animal and human cases in Europe and emphasise the importance of education and awareness among veterinarians, physicians (particularly ophthalmologists) and animal, in order to owners to tackle this zoonosis.Graphical abstract
Source: Veterinary Parasitology - Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research
This study aims to examine the immune responses induced in pigs following vaccination (live S48 tachyzoites) and/or challenge with T. gondii oocysts, through the examination of changes in levels of transcription in CD4, CD8α, IFN-γ, IL-12p35, CXCR3, MyD88. The experiment involved four groups of animals; pigs in group 1 (Challenged) (Chal) were challenged orally with (1 × 103 oocysts) on day 28 of the experiment. Pigs in group 2 (Vaccinated /Challenged) (Vac/Chal) were vaccinated (S48 isolate tachyzoites) on day 0, then challenged on day 28. The group 3 (Vaccinated) (Vac) animals were vaccina...
Source: Veterinary Parasitology - Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research
This study aimed to investigate the frequency of HEV infection, and risk factors associated with this infection in healthy individual and patients with hepatitis B and C in Upper Egypt. Samples were collected from different governorates (Luxor, Assuit, Aswan and Sohag governor...
Source: African Journal of Microbiology Research - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 17 October 2019Source: Journal of Microbiological MethodsAuthor(s): Aline C. da Silva Santos, Danielle M.N. Moura, Thiago A.R. dos Santos, Osvaldo P. de Melo Neto, Valéria R.A. PereiraAbstractLeishmaniasis, caused by protozoa belonging to the genus Leishmania, is an important public health problem found in>90 countries and with still limited options for treatment. Development of new anti-leishmanial drugs is an urgent need and the identification of new active compounds is a limiting factor that can be accelerated through large scale drug screening. This requires multiple steps a...
Source: Journal of Microbiological Methods - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
We present the case of a 30-year-old Bissau-Guinean man with HIV-2 infection known for 16 years, irregularly treated, admitted with two weeks of fever, diarrhoea and cutaneous lesions. Examination revealed multiple subcutaneous nodes, Molluscum contagiosum-like lesions, generalized lymphadenopathy and painful palpation of the left iliac fossa. Laboratory tests showed severe nonhaemolytic anaemia and CD4+ count of 9/mm3, with normal creatinine and hepatic enzymes. Chest roentgenogram was unremarkable and a research for Mycobacterium tuberculosis by GeneXpert® was negative. Nonetheless, given the lack of further diagnost...
Source: Journal of Medical Mycology - Category: Biology Source Type: research
ConclusionWe found few genetically-related as well as identical isolates among the 32 Candida strains which indicated low cross-contaminations among the patients. There was no relationship between C. albicans MLST profiles and their geographic distribution, cancer type and SAP2 gene expression. This lack of correlation was possibly due to the small understudy population; hence, finding more relevance requires studies with a higher number of samples.
Source: Journal of Medical Mycology - Category: Biology Source Type: research
ConclusionsThese data suggest that both St. John’s wort and white oak are potential candidates for infection prophylaxis and therapy in austere wilderness scenarios, with St. John’s wort being the more potent agent. White oak may be more logistically feasible because the larger surface area of a white oak tree allows for harvesting a larger quantity of bark compared to the smaller surface area of the St. John’s wort plant.
Source: Wilderness and Environmental Medicine - Category: Environmental Health Source Type: research
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