Exploring students' participation in universal, depression and anxiety, prevention programmes at school: a meta-aggregation - Bastounis A, Callaghan P, Lykomitrou F, Aubeeluck A, Michail M.

Mental health promotion in schools is a key priority for national governments. The aim of this meta-aggregation is to synthesise the findings from universal, depression and/or anxiety, cognitive behavioural therapy and/or interpersonal therapy-based, progr...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

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CONCLUSIONS: While the review found some beneficial effects of I-C/BT for PTSD, the quality of the evidence was very low due to the small number of included trials. Further work is required to: establish non-inferiority to current first-line interventions, explore mechanisms of change, establish optimal levels of guidance, explore cost-effectiveness, measure adverse events, and determine predictors of efficacy and dropout. PMID: 30550643 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews - Category: General Medicine Authors: Tags: Cochrane Database Syst Rev Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 3 December 2018Source: The Lancet PsychiatryAuthor(s): Miranda Wolpert, Kate Dalzell, Roz Ullman, Lauren Garland, Melissa Cortina, Daniel Hayes, Praveetha Patalay, Duncan LawSummaryThis Review reports on a scoping review followed by a systematic review to consider interventions designed to address or manage depression or anxiety in children and young people up to the age of 25 years without the need to involve mental health professionals. The scoping review identified 132 approaches, 103 of which referred to children or young people (younger than 25 years). These approaches included socia...
Source: The Lancet Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
Evidence Aid, an organisation dedicated to improving the use of evidence in humanitarian crises, highlights information from Cochrane and other systematic reviews of particular relevance to those involved in humanitarian assistance and, in July 2018, these were added to by a report on psychological therapies for the treatment of mental disorders in low- and middle-income countries. We asked one of the authors, Marianna Purgato from the University of Verona in Italy, to tell us about this new Cochrane Review." Whether a humanitarian crisis is triggered by natural hazards or other events, people affected by it in low- a...
Source: Cochrane News and Events - Category: Information Technology Authors: Source Type: news
CONCLUSIONS: MGT is a cost-saving alternative to treatment as usual over the trial duration from both a healthcare and a societal perspective for patients with a diagnosis of depression, anxiety or stress and adjustment disorders in Sweden.Declaration of interestNone. PMID: 30468136 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: The British Journal of Psychiatry for Mental Science - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Br J Psychiatry Source Type: research
AbstractAnxiety and depression in patients undergoing haemodialysis can be reduced by a variety of treatment methods, including pharmacological therapy, cognitive-behavioural therapy, regular exercise and relaxation techniques, such as Benson ’s relaxation method and acupressure treatment. Additionally, intradialytic exercise training programmes have a positive effect on patients’ physical and psychological functioning. Moreover, social support from family and social environment, spirituality and religiosity, tele- nursing programmes and participation in network support groups frequently lead to a reduction of ...
Source: International Urology and Nephrology - Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research
Conclusion: Combining CBT+CPR produced comparable results to standard CPR. These findings may reflect cohort characteristics (HADs-A 24 cases, 17 borderline) or the inclusion of covert CBT in standard CPR as a consequence of education and coaching in supervised exercise sessions.
Source: European Respiratory Journal - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Tags: Rehabilitation and Chronic Care Source Type: research
(Northumbria University) Three-quarters of prisoners struggling to sleep have reported major improvements after receiving cognitive behavioural therapy to treat their insomnia. In the first study of its kind in the world, experts from Northumbria University have found that a single one-hour session of cognitive behavioural therapy was effective in preventing the development of chronic insomnia in 73% of prisoners. Inmates also reported that the therapy made notable improvements to their anxiety and depression.
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news
CONCLUSIONS: The limited range of studies for all conditions except MS suggests a need firstly to synthesise systematically the available evidence across conditions and secondly to develop well-designed studies to provide evidence about the effectiveness of CR and other psychological interventions. PMID: 30412509 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: NeuroRehabilitation - Category: Rehabilitation Tags: NeuroRehabilitation Source Type: research
AbstractThis systematic review and meta-analysis aims to evaluate the effectiveness of internet-delivered cognitive behavioural therapy (ICBT) on anxiety and depression among persons with chronic health conditions. A systematic database search was conducted of MEDLINE, CINAHL, PsycInfo, EMBASE, and Cochrane for relevant studies published from 1990 to September 2018. A study was included if the following criteria were met: (1) randomized controlled trial involving an ICBT intervention; (2) participants experienced a chronic health condition; (3) participants ≥ 18 years of age; and (4) effects of ICBT on anxie...
Source: Journal of Behavioral Medicine - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
This study evaluated the cost-utility of telephone-based cognitive behavioural therapy (TB-CBT) (experimental arm) in comparison with a placebo-befriending (control arm) program in COPD participants with mild to severe depression and/or anxiety. METHODS: The Assessment of Quality of Life (AQoL-4D) scale was used to conduct the cost-utility analysis. Multiple imputation for missing data, baseline correction of outcomes and non-parametric bootstrapping for uncertainty were applied. The decision rule was based on willingness-to-pay (WTP) if there is an increased unit of effectiveness (a QALY gain) and an increased in cost...
Source: Expert Review of Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research - Category: Health Management Tags: Expert Rev Pharmacoecon Outcomes Res Source Type: research
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