Dissonance among treatment algorithms for hyperglycemia in type 2 diabetes: an egalitarian dialog

Source: Journal of Endocrinological Investigation - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research

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BACKGROUND: Habitual coffee consumption has been associated with lower risk of type 2 diabetes, cardiovascular disease, and sarcopenia, which are strong risk factors of falls. In addition, caffeine intake stimulates attention and vigilance, and reduces rea...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Elder Adults Source Type: news
This study aims to investigate associations between glycated haemoglobin (HbA1c), glycated albumin (GA) and fructosamine with neonatal birthweight in gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). The prospective cohort consisted of 82 women with GDM and their newborns, enrolled between November 2016 and September 2017. Considering neonatal birthweight and birthweights ≥90th percentile for gestational age as outcomes, linear and logistic regression models were used, respectively. Fructosamine (R2=0.62) and GA (R2=0.61) performed very similarly between them and best than HbA1c (R2=0.58). The added value of GA or fructosamine to Hb...
Source: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology - Category: OBGYN Tags: J Obstet Gynaecol Source Type: research
Condition:   Chronic Periodontitis Interventions:   Drug: Zinc Sulfate;   Procedure: scaling and root planing Sponsor:   Cairo University Not yet recruiting
Source: ClinicalTrials.gov - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
In conclusion, this model will help the doctor to know what course of preventive actions for a patient with high risk and what advice to give to those with low and moderate risk so that the occurrences of the diseases can be prevented altogether and thereby reducing the number of people dying from Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus diseases worldwide.
Source: International Journal of E-Health and Medical Communications - Category: Information Technology Authors: Tags: Health Information Systems Medicine & Healthcare Source Type: research
Every day, we modern humans stay comfortably seated on our behinds for hours at a time: binge watching shows on Netflix, pecking away on keyboards at work, scrolling through social media feeds. But do people really sit more than they used to? That’s what Yin Cao and an international group of colleagues wanted to find out in their latest study published in JAMA. While studies on sitting behavior in specific groups of people — such as children or working adults with desk jobs — have recorded how sedentary people are, there is little data on how drastically sitting habits have changed over time. “We do...
Source: TIME: Health - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Uncategorized public health Source Type: news
Publication date: Available online 21 April 2019Source: Molecular and Cellular EndocrinologyAuthor(s): Rodrigo Carlessi, Jordan Rowlands, Gaewyn Ellison, Heloisa Helena de Oliveira Alves, Philip Newsholme, Cyril MamotteAbstractStudies have reported that plasma glutamine is reduced in type 2 diabetes (T2D) patients. Glutamine supplementation improves glycaemic control, however the mechanisms are unclear. Here, we evaluated in vitro the pancreatic beta cell bioenergetic and insulin secretory responses to various levels of glutamine availability, or treatment in the presence of an inhibitor of intracellular glutamine metaboli...
Source: Molecular and Cellular Endocrinology - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
(Bentham Science Publishers) COPD and type 2 diabetes are two highly prevalent global health conditions associated with high mortality and morbidity. In this review article, a team of researchers from USA discuss the studies demonstrating the associations between COPD and type 2 diabetes, underlying pathophysiology and recommended therapeutic approach in the management of patients with coexisting COPD and diabetes.
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news
Xinyang Zhang1,2,3, Bohan Cheng1,2,3, Chang Liu1,2,3, Zhiqiang Du1,2,3, Hui Zhang1,2,3, Ning Wang1,2,3, Mengqi Wu1,2,3, Yumao Li1,2,3, Zhiping Cao1,2,3 and Hui Li1,2,3* 1Key Laboratory of Chicken Genetics and Breeding, Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs, Harbin, China 2Key Laboratory of Animal Genetics, Breeding and Reproduction, Education Department of Heilongjiang Province, Harbin, China 3College of Animal Science and Technology, Northeast Agricultural University, Harbin, China The transcription factor TCF21 has been previously shown to be specifically expressed in white preadipocytes in mice. However,...
Source: Frontiers in Physiology - Category: Physiology Source Type: research
Conclusions/interpretationRelatively small increments in cardiorespiratory fitness and muscle strength were associated with clinically meaningful reductions in type 2 diabetes risk with indication of a linear dose –response relationship for cardiorespiratory fitness.Registration: PROSPERO (CRD42017064526).
Source: Diabetologia - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
AbstractPurposeTo evaluate three measures of inner retina function, the pattern electroretinogram (pERG), the photopic negative response (PhNR), and the post-illumination pupil response (PIPR) in diabetics with and without nonproliferative diabetic retinopathy (NPDR).MethodsFifteen non-diabetic control subjects and 45 type 2 diabetic subjects participated (15 have no clinically apparent retinopathy [NDR], 15 have mild NPDR, and 15 have moderate/severe NPDR). The pERG was elicited by a contrast-reversing checkerboard pattern, and the PhNR was measured in response to a full-field, long-wavelength flash presented against a sh...
Source: Documenta Ophthalmologica - Category: Opthalmology Source Type: research
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