Antigen I/II mediates interactions between Streptococcus mutans and Candida albicans

Molecular Oral Microbiology, EarlyView.
Source: Molecular Oral Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Authors: Source Type: research

Related Links:

In this study, four yeasts species (Wickerhamomyces anomalus, Candida glabrata, Candida utilis, and Candida parapsilosis) were evaluated with two different chemically defined media and tequila vinasses. Differences in the aroma compounds production were observed depending on the medium and yeast species used. In tequila vinasses, the highest concentration (65 mg/L) of 2-PEA was reached by C. glabrata, the inhibitory compounds decreased biomass production and synthesis of 2-PEA, and biochemical and chemical oxygen demands were reduced by more than 50%. Tequila vinasses were suitable for the production of 2-phenylethy...
Source: Biotechnology Reports - Category: Biotechnology Source Type: research
ConclusionsThe evaluated studies presented a high risk of bias and weak evidence of the effects of chemical agents to reduce CFU counts of Candida spp. Only chlorhexidine and chlorine dioxide demonstrated some evidence of a reduction in Candida spp. colonization. Clinical trials with better methodological designs should be performed to clarify the effectiveness of these solutions in prosthesis decontamination.
Source: The Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry - Category: Dentistry Source Type: research
Rezafungin (RZF) is a novel echinocandin in development for prevention of invasive fungal disease caused by Candida, Aspergillus, and Pneumocystis species in patients undergoing blood and marrow transplantation. RZF has a favorable safety and tolerability profile, a low risk of drug-drug interactions and with its stability, pharmacokinetics that allow for once-weekly dosing with broad distribution to the lung and other fungal target organs.We previously demonstrated RZF efficacy in preventing Pneumocystis infection in an immunosuppressed mouse model.
Source: Biology of Blood and Marrow Transplantation - Category: Hematology Authors: Tags: 502 Source Type: research
AbstractIn a search for novel therapeutic agents against pathogenic fungal species,Candida in addition to bacterial species, novel spinel nanoferrites were assayed against four pathogenic fungi isolated from different clinical samples of ear and skin infections:Aspergillus flavus, A. niger, A. terrus and A. fumigatus, fourCandia species:Candida albicans, C. parapsilosis, C. krusei andC. tropicales, and four bacterial species: two Gram +ve:Bacillus subtilis andStreptococcus pyogenes, and two Gram −ve:Pseudomonas vulgaris andEscherichia coli. It was found that the assayed compounds displayed different levels of antifun...
Source: World Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
This study explore the in silico and in vitro comparative analysis of cofactor NADP binding mechanism in rossmann fold of isolated M. caribbica and other xylose fermenting Debaryomycetaceae family yeast. The rossmaan fold analysis of M. caribbica and Debaryomycetaceae family of yeast revealed, xylose fermenting organisms Scheffersomyces stipitis, Debaryomyces hansenii, Debaryomyces nepalensis, Candida parapsilosis, Candida maltose has divergence structure of rosmann fold. Whereas M. caribbica and Calamus tenuis has unique structure of rossmann fold. Also, the identified rossmann fold of Debaryomycetaceae family yeast and i...
Source: Biocatalysis and Agricultural Biotechnology - Category: Biotechnology Source Type: research
"Clinical Aspects of Chronic Granulomatous Disease in Upper Egypt". Immunol Invest. 2020 Jan 22;:1-13 Authors: El-Mokhtar MA, Salama EH, Fahmy EM, Mohamed ME Abstract Chronic granulomatous disease (CGD) is a rare inherited primary immunodeficiency disorder that affects phagocytes and is characterized by a marked increased susceptibility to severe bacterial and fungal infections. We aimed to describe the clinical presentations of pediatric patients with CGD in Upper Egypt and to identify the defective component of NADPH oxidase. Pediatric patients diagnosed with CGD within one year from Januar...
Source: Immunological Investigations - Category: Allergy & Immunology Tags: Immunol Invest Source Type: research
Publication date: February 2020Source: Journal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology, Volume 31, Issue 2Author(s): Ricardo Miguel Costa de Freitas, José Guilherme Mendes Pereira Caldas, Silvia Mazzali Verst, Ana Oliveira Hoff, João Evangelista Bezerra Neto, Maria Candida Barisson Villares Fragoso
Source: Journal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology - Category: Radiology Source Type: research
ConclusionsA disproportionately high burden ofC.trachomatis is present among young asymptomatic women in Fiji of iTaukei ethnicity despite the low number of lifetime partners. Syndromic management and lack of barrier contraceptives contribute to hyperendemic levels. Strategic STI education and screening of at-risk adolescents, young women, and their partner(s) with appropriate treatment are urgently needed to control the epidemic.
Source: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases - Category: Tropical Medicine Authors: Source Type: research
Fungal infections, widespread throughout the world, affect a broad range of life forms, including agriculturally relevant plants, humans, and insects. In defending against fungal infections, the fruit fly Drosophila melanogaster employs the Toll pathway to induce a large number of immune peptides. Some have been investigated, such as the antimicrobial peptides (AMPs) and Bomanins (Boms); many, however, remain uncharacterized. Here, we examine the role in innate immunity of two related peptides, Daisho1 and Daisho2 (formerly IM4 and IM14, respectively), found in hemolymph following Toll pathway activation. By generating a C...
Source: Frontiers in Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
Publication date: 21 January 2020Source: Cell Reports, Volume 30, Issue 3Author(s): Sergio D. Moreno-Velásquez, Su Hlaing Tint, Valentina del Olmo Toledo, Sanda Torsin, Sonakshi De, J. Christian PérezSummaryIntegrating nutrient sensing with the synthesis of complex molecules is a central feature of metabolism. Yet the regulatory mechanisms underlying such integration are often unknown. Here, we establish that the transcription regulators Rtg1/3 are key determinants of sphingolipid homeostasis in the human fungal pathogen Candida albicans. Quantitative analysis of the C. albicans lipidome reveals Rtg1/3-d...
Source: Cell Reports - Category: Cytology Source Type: research
More News: Candida | Microbiology