Smectite for acute infectious diarrhoea in children.

CONCLUSIONS: Based on low-certainty evidence, smectite used as an adjuvant to rehydration therapy may reduce the duration of diarrhoea in children with acute infectious diarrhoea by a day; may increase cure rate by day 3; and may reduce stool output, but has no effect on hospitalization rates or need for intravenous therapy. PMID: 29693719 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews - Category: General Medicine Authors: Tags: Cochrane Database Syst Rev Source Type: research

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ConclusionsOur findings indicate that kratom initiation (approximately 214.29 mg of mitragynine) was associated with significant decreases in the prevalence and severity of opioid adverse effects.Graphical abstract
Source: Journal of Ethnopharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
Abstract Andrew Barton and NIVAS board colleagues have produced evidence-based guidelines for health profesionals on how to avoid under-dosing in IV therapy. These guidelines, in association with NIVAS, are presented here. PMID: 31002556 [PubMed - in process]
Source: British Journal of Nursing - Category: Nursing Authors: Tags: Br J Nurs Source Type: research
Feeding problems due to sensory sensitivities common in children with constipation
Source: The Doctors Lounge - Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Family Medicine, Gastroenterology, Neurology, Pediatrics, Psychiatry, Journal, Source Type: news
Abstract Background: Constipation is an intestinal syndrome that can be created alone or in the context of another disease in patients admitted to intensive care units (ICUs). Given the role of sennosides in increasing the transfer rate of materials from the large intestine, we aimed to compare the effect of senalin with bisacodyl on the treatment of constipation in patients admitted to ICUs. Materials and Methods: In this randomized, double-blind study, 70 patients admitted to the ICU were divided into two groups. The senalin recipient group received senalin with a dose of 500 mg daily for 3 days. The bisaco...
Source: Biomed Res - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Adv Biomed Res Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 17 April 2019Source: Progress in Neuro-Psychopharmacology and Biological PsychiatryAuthor(s): Anthony F. Domenichiello, Christopher E. RamsdenAbstractChronic pain is highly prevalent among older adults where it is associated with significant suffering, disability, social isolation, and greater costs and burden to health care systems. Pharmaceutical treatment of chronic pain in older adults is usually only partially effective and is often limited by side effects including urinary retention, constipation, sedation, cognitive impairment, and increased risk of falls. Since older adults are un...
Source: Progress in Neuro Psychopharmacology and Biological Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
THURSDAY, April 18, 2019 -- Children with chronic constipation have underlying sensory characteristics that contribute to toileting behavioral difficulties, according to a study published online April 18 in The Journal of Pediatrics. Lauren M....
Source: Drugs.com - Pharma News - Category: Pharmaceuticals Source Type: news
Care of children with chronic constipation should include consideration of sensory issues and possible referral to occupational therapy, according to US researchers, who claim their findings are “revolutionary”.
Source: Nursing Times - Category: Nursing Source Type: news
(Ann&Robert H. Lurie Children's Hospital of Chicago) In the first study of its kind in the US, researchers found that normally developing preschool children with chronic constipation have underlying sensory issues that contribute to their difficulties with toileting behaviors. These children are often picky eaters who might be overly sensitive to food textures, tastes, or odors. They also might have an exaggerated response to noises, bright lights, or other sensory stimuli. Findings were published in the Journal of Pediatrics.
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news
Publication date: Available online 16 April 2019Source: Research in Veterinary ScienceAuthor(s): Anne Davin-Regli, Véronique Guerin-Faublée, Jean-Marie PagèsAbstractEnterotoxigenic Escherichia coli (ETEC) is a worrying cause of diarrhoea in calves and the drug multiresistance phenotype concerning various antibiotic families are of concern. Resistance mechanisms associated with envelope changes (porin expression, efflux pump overexpression, lipolysaccahride (LPS) modification) were studied in 14 ETEC isolates selected for their resistance. We performed determinations of (i) antimicrobials Minimal Inhibi...
Source: Research in Veterinary Science - Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research
In conclusion, our study might provide evidence that GQD treats diarrhea maybe involved in modulating gut microbiota and increasing SCFA levels. Introduction Diarrheal diseases cause approximately 1.7 billion new infections and 0.76 million deaths in children of under 5 years of age annually and are thus the second most common cause of mortality in young children in developing countries (Kotloff et al., 2012, 2013). Outbreaks of such diseases are usually related to infection by common causative agents, mainly rotavirus, Salmonella enterica, and diarrheagenic Escherichia coli (Hodges and Gill, 2010; Kolenda et al., ...
Source: Frontiers in Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
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