Smectite for acute infectious diarrhoea in children.

CONCLUSIONS: Based on low-certainty evidence, smectite used as an adjuvant to rehydration therapy may reduce the duration of diarrhoea in children with acute infectious diarrhoea by a day; may increase cure rate by day 3; and may reduce stool output, but has no effect on hospitalization rates or need for intravenous therapy. PMID: 29693719 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews - Category: General Medicine Authors: Tags: Cochrane Database Syst Rev Source Type: research

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CONCLUSIONS: Actions in the HBHCS directed towards CDI should include a reduction in the use of high-risk antibiotics -according to our results, cephalosporins- especially in patients with specific comorbidities, such as hemiplegia/tetraplegia or a chronic respiratory disease. PMID: 30342769 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Medicina Clinica - Category: General Medicine Tags: Med Clin (Barc) Source Type: research
Almost two thirds of workers who successfully claim compensation for needlestick injuries are cleaners – mainly because the needles weren’t correctly disposed. “These figures are a timely reminder of the risks to health and safety posed by used needlesticks, and how they can affect staff in all sectors, and not just clinical staff,” warned UNISON assistant national health and safety officer Robert Baughan. He was speaking at the start of European Health and Safety Week, which focuses this year on hazardous substances. A UNISON analysis of nearly 100 successful compensation claims for needlestick inj...
Source: UNISON meat hygiene - Category: Food Science Authors: Tags: Article Eurohsweek european health and safety week health and safety reps needlesticks Source Type: news
(Medical College of Georgia at Augusta University) Biofeedback therapy used at home is about 70 percent effective at helping patients learn how to coordinate and relax bowel muscles and relieve one of the most difficult-to-treat types of constipation, investigators report.
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news
This study aimed to evaluate whether additional anticholinergic is beneficial alongside an empiric antibiotic therapy in reducing symptoms and tolerable for females with uncomplicated UTI. METHODS: this was a randomized double-blind controlled trial that included female aged>18 y.o with uncomplicated lower UTI. Patients were randomly assigned to either solifenacin succinate 5 mg (group 1) or placebo (group 2) in addition to empiric levofloxacin 500 mg treatment for 3 days. Those with structural and/or functional abnormalities of the urinary tract and allergic reaction history were excluded. We observed changes in ov...
Source: Acta medica Indonesiana - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Acta Med Indones Source Type: research
ConclusionAdults with inadequately repaired rectovestibular fistulas whose initial surgical management specifically targets resection of the proximal rectum and creation of a permanent end colostomy are rare. Their management is a challenge, especially in resource-limited environments. When the anorectal malformation is of a favourable type, appropriate investigation coupled with meticulous surgical planning of the definitive repair may yield excellent outcomes.
Source: Journal of Pediatric Surgery Case Reports - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
(MedPage Today) -- Both drugs sail through advisory committee meeting by wide margins
Source: MedPage Today Gastroenterology - Category: Gastroenterology Source Type: news
Background: Gastrointestinal (GI) disorders in peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients are relatively understudied in the literature, even though they have a serious impact in the morbidity parameters and the quality of life for this group of patients. Various diagnostic tools have been used, including instrumental methods and questionnaires, invariably validated in comparative studies.Summary: The prevalence of GI disorders is very high in PD patients. Compared to the haemodialysis patients they present a higher prevalence of reflux, eating dysfunction, gastroesophageal reflux, intestinal obstruction or adhesions and abdominal ...
Source: American Journal of Nephrology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Surveillance and characterization of pig enteric viruses such as transmissible gastroenteritis virus (TGEV), porcine epidemic diarrhea virus (PEDV), rotavirus, astrovirus (PAstV), sapovirus (PSaV), kobuvirus a...
Source: BMC Veterinary Research - Category: Veterinary Research Authors: Tags: Research article Source Type: research
Crataeva nurvala Buch-Hum is an indigenous herb, extensively used in traditional medicines of the South Asian countries to treat inflammation, rheumatic fever, gastric irritation, and constipation. Despite this w...
Source: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine - Category: Complementary Medicine Authors: Tags: Research article Source Type: research
Albert T. Modi Climate change is a complex and cross-cutting problem that needs an integrated and transformative systems approach to respond to the challenge. Current sectoral approaches to climate change adaptation initiatives often create imbalances and retard sustainable development. Regional and international literature on climate change adaptation opportunities and challenges applicable to southern Africa from a water-energy-food (WEF) nexus perspective was reviewed. Specifically, this review highlights climate change impacts on water, energy, and food resources in southern Africa, while exploring mitigation and ...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: Review Source Type: research
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