Diagnostic, Demographic, and Neurocognitive Correlates of Dysgraphia in Students with ADHD, Autism, Learning Disabilities, and Neurotypical Development

AbstractThe importance of diagnostic, demographic, and neurocognitive correlates of dysgraphia in 1006 students 6 –16 years was determined. Children with ADHD or autism (n = 831) and neurotypical children (n = 175) were administered the Developmental Test of Visual-Motor Integration (VMI), Wechsler subscales, and reading and math tests. IQ was the strongest correlate of dysgraphia (VMI scores), followed by diagnosis (ADHD/autism vs. neurotypical). Visual-fine motor ability was the only other signif icant correlate. Verbal and visual reasoning ability, processing speed, working memory, attention, reading, and math did not contribute significantly more to concurrently predicting dysgraphia, nor did age, sex, race, and parent occupation. Dysgraphia was common in children with ADHD (56%) and autis m (56%), especially those with a learning disability in reading (71%) or math (72%). The study demonstrates the importance of controlling for both IQ and diagnosis when examining factors related to dysgraphia, which previous studies have not done. Students with ADHD, autism, learning disability, or fine motor problems should be evaluated for dysgraphia because the majority of students with any one of these problems will have impaired handwriting, which needs to be identified and addressed in school. Effective accommodations to compensate for dysgraphia are available to help avoid its negative repercussions.
Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities - Category: Disability Source Type: research

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___ Parents pay thousands for ‘brain training’ to help kids with ADHD and autism. But does it work? (NBC News): “…As the number of children diagnosed with ADHD and autism surges in the U.S., according to federal data, and as parents become exasperated with treatments that don’t work or involve medications that carry the risk of side effects, neurotechnology industry analysts predict the demand for programs like these will only grow… Much of the growth in brain training is in apps and games that people use at home or in school, said Alvaro Fernandez, CEO of SharpBrains, a research firm ...
Source: SharpBrains - Category: Neuroscience Authors: Tags: Cognitive Neuroscience Education & Lifelong Learning Technology adhd autism Brain Balance brain training brain training centers BrainRx Direct-to-Consumer LearningRx Neurotechnology Source Type: blogs
In conclusion, school-aged children with CP very often screened positive for ASD and/or ADHD. The prevalence of ASD and ADHD is most likely underestimated in children with CP. These screening findings require further investigations.
Source: European Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
In this report, we describe the prevalence and disease burden of each mental disorder for the states of India, from 1990 to 2017.MethodsWe used all accessible data from multiple sources to estimate the prevalence of mental disorders, years lived with disability (YLDs), and disability-adjusted life-years (DALYs) caused by these disorders for all the states of India from 1990 to 2017, as part of the Global Burden of Diseases, Injuries, and Risk Factors Study. We assessed the heterogeneity and time trends of mental disorders across the states of India. We grouped states on the basis of their Socio-demographic Index (SDI), whi...
Source: The Lancet Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
AbstractThe prevalence of academic underachievement or learning disabilities in children with autism or ADHD (two groups at increased risk for such problems) has been extensively researched, but little is known about overachievement in these groups. The frequency of overachievement across academic domains compared to nondiscrepant achievement and underachievement in children with autism versus ADHD was determined. WISC-III/-IV and WIAT/-II scores were analyzed in 164 children with autism and 499 children with ADHD (6 –16 years of age, IQ > 80). Academic overachievement (achievement test standard sco...
Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities - Category: Disability Source Type: research
Childhood neurodevelopmental disorders include autism spectrum disorder (ASD), attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), communication disorders, learning disabilities, and developmental motor coordination problems, among others (1). These conditions are typically considered to originate early in development, although there have been recent, controversial challenges to this assumption for ADHD (2). Childhood neurodevelopmental disorders, regardless of whether they are defined as diagnostic categories or traits, show strong phenotypic and genetic overlaps with each other (1).
Source: Biological Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Authors: Tags: Commentary Source Type: research
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Source: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews - Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research
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Source: Environmental Research - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: Environ Res Source Type: research
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Source: Research in Developmental Disabilities - Category: Disability Source Type: research
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Source: Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
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Source: the Mail online | Health - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news
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