The Importance of Sodium Restrictions in Chronic Kidney Disease

Dietary sodium restrictions for chronic kidney disease (CKD) have become common practice, but the importance of the limitation can often times be overlooked. In CKD, the kidneys inability to excrete sodium is a major cause of hypertension (HTN) and can lead to progression of the disease.1 Diuretic therapy has become the main treatment for HTN, but research has demonstrated that sodium restrictions can actually increase the effectiveness of these drugs. Excess sodium with CKD has been shown to also increase proteinuria, kidney blood flow and prevents antihypertensive agents from working properly.
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Tags: Patient Education Source Type: research

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Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is prevalent worldwide and is associated with significant co-morbidities including cardiovascular disease (CVD). Traditionally, the subtotal nephrectomy (remnant kidney) experimental model has been performed in rats to model progressive renal disease. The model experimentally mimics CKD by reducing nephron number, resulting in renal insufficiency. Presently, there is a lack of translation of pre-clinical findings into successful clinical results. The pre-clinical nephrology field would benefit from reproducible progressive renal disease models in mice in order to avail of more widely available ...
Source: Frontiers in Physiology - Category: Physiology Source Type: research
Conclusions: There was no statistical significant association between any of the studied heavy metals and CKD, although there was a significant burden of heavy metals in the studied subjects.
Source: Indian Journal of Nephrology - Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Source Type: research
Conclusion: Use of MRAs alone or on top of RAS blockade confers important antiproteinuric effects in patients with CKD, with a slight increase in mean potassium levels.
Source: Journal of Hypertension - Category: Cardiology Tags: REVIEWS AND META-ANALYSES Source Type: research
ConclusionsS1 accurately predicted our composite outcome of hypertension, CKD, and proteinuria in a diverse cohort of U.S. children with HSPN. Further investigation is warranted to validate these findings.
Source: Pediatric Nephrology - Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research
This study enrolled 14983 eligible subjects stratified into metabolically healthy normal weight (MHNW), metabolically healthy overweight (MHOW), metabolically healthy obesity (MHO), metabolically unhealthy normal weight (MUNW), metabolically unhealthy overweight (MUOW), and metabolically unhealthy obesity (MUO) according to body mass index and metabolic syndrome status (ATP-III criteria). The metabolic healthy phenotype was defined as the absence of both metabolic syndrome and any known diabetes, coronary artery disease, stroke, hypertension or dyslipidemia. Early and advanced CKD were defined as eGFR
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases - Category: Nutrition Source Type: research
Discussion of Developmental Effects on Aging Microtubule Function and Longevity in Nematodes Quantifying the Correlation Between Poverty and Faster Pace of Aging Matthew O'Connor Presenting on Underdog Pharmaceuticals at Undoing Aging 2019 Here Matthew O'Connor of the SENS Research Foundation talks about the research that led to founding of Underdog Pharmaceuticals, a biotech startup incubated by the foundation to commercialize a means of targeting 7-ketocholesterol in atheroscleros...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
ConclusionOSA was associated with a higher risk of incident ESRD. Understanding the association between OSA and ESRD might provide further insights to establish national health care policy.
Source: Clinical and Experimental Nephrology - Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 22 August 2019Source: The Veterinary JournalAuthor(s): M. Giraldi, S. Paltrinieri, C. Curcio, P. ScarpaAbstractSerum homocysteine (Hcy) increases in people and dogs with chronic kidney disease (CKD). Hyperhomocysteinemia (HHcy) has also been associated with CKD-related hypertension and proteinuria. The aims of this study were to: (1) validate an enzymatic method for quantification of Hcy in feline serum; (2) evaluate whether HHcy was associated with the presence and severity of CKD, proteinuria or hypertension; and (3) determine whether HHcy could predict disease progression.The intra- an...
Source: The Veterinary Journal - Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research
Authors: Liu D, Lv LL Abstract Proteinuria is identified as an important marker and risk factor of progression in chronic kidney disease. However, the precise mechanism of action in the progress of chronic kidney disease is still unclear. Mesangial toxicity from specific filtered compounds such as albumin-bound fatty acids and transferrin/iron, tubular overload and hyperplasia, and induction of proinflammatory molecules such as MCP-1 and inflammatory cytokines are some of the proposed mechanisms. Reversing intraglomerular hypertension with protein restriction or antihypertensive therapy may be beneficial both by di...
Source: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology - Category: Research Tags: Adv Exp Med Biol Source Type: research
Authors: Sun HJ Abstract Arterial hypertension remains to be a serious problem with considerable morbidity and mortality worldwide in the present age. Hypertension is a major risk factor for cardiovascular diseases such as stroke, myocardial infarction, renal failure, and heart failure. Hypertensive nephropathy is the second leading cause of death in chronic kidney disease (CKD) around the world. Long-time hypertension loading results in renal interstitial fibrosis, which is associated with aberrant activation of renal fibroblasts and excessive generation of extracellular matrix (ECM) proteins. Increasing evidence ...
Source: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology - Category: Research Tags: Adv Exp Med Biol Source Type: research
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