Diagnosing deep cerebral venous thrombosis.

We present a case of CVT in a young patient who presented with loss of consciousness with no headache or focal deficits, the usual type of presentation. PMID: 29686555 [PubMed]
Source: Baylor University Medical Center Proceedings - Category: Universities & Medical Training Authors: Tags: Proc (Bayl Univ Med Cent) Source Type: research

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ABSTRACT Aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage is a condition with a considerable incidence variation worldwide. In Brazil, the exact epidemiology of aneurysmal SAH is unknown. The most common presenting symptom is headache, usually described as the worst headache ever felt. Head computed tomography, when performed within six hours of the ictus, has a sensitivity of nearly 100%. It is important to classify the hemorrhage based on clinical and imaging features as a way to standardize communication. Classification also has prognostic value. In order to prevent rebleeding, there still is controversy regarding the ideal blood pre...
Source: Arquivos de Neuro-Psiquiatria - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Conclusions Despite being a rare condition, Gradenigo syndrome should be taken into account as potential differential diagnosis in children referred to emergency department for recurrent headache and strabismus. An accurate anamnesis to document recent ear infection is mandatory to orientate the diagnosis and focus radiological investigations. Early recognition and timely intervention may allow conservative management to succeed, avoiding the need for surgery and serious sequelae.
Source: Pediatric Emergency Care - Category: Emergency Medicine Tags: Illustrative Cases Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: Meticulous history-taking and clinical examination are important components of contraceptive counseling that enable the identification of all potential risk factors. In situations of increased risk, decisions must be taken individually. Depending on the nature of the patient's underlying illness, interdisciplinary collaboration may be advisable. Even in situations of increased risk, an appropriated risk-benefit analysis should make it possible to find a suitable contraceptive method for any woman who needs one. PMID: 31776000 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Deutsches Arzteblatt International - Category: General Medicine Tags: Dtsch Arztebl Int Source Type: research
Conclusion: The results reaffirm the hypercoagulable state in migraine, and would suggest that this state is most likely a result of a systemic inflammatory state which induces oxidative damage to both erythrocytes and fibrin(ogen) in female episodic migraine-with-aura. Furthermore, if the amylodogenic changes to fibrin(ogen) were observed in a larger cohort, this would support theories of micro-embolisation in migraine-with-aura.
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: In this 6-month treatment trial, the percentages of galcanezumab- and placebo-treated patients that reported CV TEAEs or serious adverse events were low and similar between groups with few discontinuations. Thus, no clinically meaningful treatment group differences were observed for changes in BP, pulse, or ECG parameters. Additional longer-term studies in a broader and larger cohort are required to better characterize CV safety. PMID: 31721185 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Headache - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Headache Source Type: research
We present a unique case of Lemierre syndrome caused by Klebsiella pneumoniae, complicated by epidural abscess. The patient presented with fever, severe nuchal pain and stiffness and mild sore throat and headache. Computed tomography revealed a neck abscess localized dorsally to a left mandibular ramus and continuing caudally along the sternocleidomastoid muscle, thrombosis of the left internal jugular vein and fluid collection in the epidural space. Viewed under magnetic resonance imagining, the effusion had the character of an epidural abscess. Cultivation of oropharyngeal swab and blood cultures revealed Klebsiella pneu...
Source: IDCases - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
ConclusionsThe most frequent causes of cSAH in our series were cerebral amyloid angiopathy, ischaemic stroke, and vasculitis. This type of haemorrhage has a worse prognosis than other non-aneurysmal cSAH. There are numerous possible causes, and prognosis depends on the aetiology. In elderly patients, intracranial haemorrhage is frequently associated with cognitive impairment.ResumenIntroducciónLas hemorragias subaracnoideas corticales (HSAc) tienen numerosas etiologías. No hay estudios prospectivos que indiquen su evolución a largo plazo. El objetivo de este trabajo es describir las característi...
Source: Neurologia - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: These results suggest that caplacizumab was efficacious and well tolerated in patients with aTTP who experienced a disease exacerbation during double-blind treatment in HERCULES. PMID: 31691462 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Thrombosis and Haemostasis - Category: Hematology Authors: Tags: J Thromb Haemost Source Type: research
Abstract Purinergic signaling was proposed in 1972, after it was demonstrated that adenosine 5'-triphosphate (ATP) was a transmitter in nonadrenergic, noncholinergic inhibitory nerves supplying the guinea-pig taenia coli. Later, ATP was identified as an excitatory cotransmitter in sympathetic and parasympathetic nerves, and it is now apparent that ATP acts as a cotransmitter in most, if not all, nerves in both the peripheral nervous system and central nervous system (CNS). ATP acts as a short-term signaling molecule in neurotransmission, neuromodulation, and neurosecretion. It also has potent, long-term (trophic) ...
Source: Mol Biol Cell - Category: Molecular Biology Authors: Tags: Methods Mol Biol Source Type: research
Rationale: Cerebral venous sinus thrombosis (CVST) represents one of the most alarming forms of hemostatic abnormalities that may occur in patients with inflammatory bowel diseases (IBDs). Patient concerns: Here we report a case of a 25-year-old male with ulcerative colitis, who developed such thromboembolic complication during flare of the disease. CVST in our patient was clinically manifested by headache and nausea. Diagnosis: Angio-magnetic resonance imaging scan of the head revealed segments of contrast filling defects/absence indicating right dural venous sinus thrombosis of the transverse sinus. Intervention...
Source: Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Research Article: Clinical Case Report Source Type: research
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