Altered regional and circuit resting-state activity in patients with occult spastic diplegic cerebral palsy

Very few studies have been made to investigate functional activity changes in occult spastic diplegic cerebral palsy (SDCP). The purpose of this study was to analyze whole-brain resting state regional brain activity and functional connectivity (FC) changes in patients with SDCP.
Source: Pediatrics and Neonatology - Category: Perinatology & Neonatology Authors: Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

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Conditions:   Hemiplegic Cerebral Palsy;   Motor Activity Interventions:   Other: AOT Pathological Model Experimental Group;   Other: AOT Healthy Model Control Group Sponsor:   University of Parma Not yet recruiting
Source: - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
Publication date: Available online 11 September 2019Source: Journal of OrthopaedicsAuthor(s): Shogo Nakagawa, Hirotaka Mutsuzaki, Yuki Mataki, Ryoko Takeuchi, Hiroshi KamadaAbstractKnee flexion contracture in a patient with cerebral palsy was treated by a new tendon-lengthening technique using a tendon stripper. The patient was a 10-year-old girl with mixed types of cerebral palsy related to a chromosomal anomaly. She was classified as level IV in the Gross Motor Functional Classification System with a bilateral 30° knee flexion contracture. The semitendinosus and gracilis muscle tendons were released from distal to pr...
Source: Journal of Orthopaedics - Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research
Evidence for functional electrical stimulation (FES) as a treatment option in adult neurological conditions has grown over the last 25 years. Children and young people with neurological conditions can also benefit from FES treatments but there are gaps in clinical knowledge, awareness and evidence which need addressing. Some of the known benefits of FES include safe walking with facilitation and exercise of ‘normal’ movement, muscle strengthening, joint range and proprioceptive improvements as well as spasticity reduction.
Source: Paediatrics and Child Health - Category: Pediatrics Authors: Tags: Personal practice Source Type: research
Source: Developmental Neurorehabilitation - Category: Neurology Authors: Source Type: research
Publication date: November 2019Source: Research in Developmental Disabilities, Volume 94Author(s): Saliha Belmonte, Pedro Montoya, Ana M. González-Roldán, Inmaculada RiquelmeAbstractSensory and cognitive deficits are common comorbidities in children with cerebral palsy. This observational study examines if brain processing of affective information is also altered in children with cerebral palsy (CP) in comparison with typically developing peers (TDP).MethodsEvoked-related potentials were recorded in 15 children with CP (age = 11.27 ± 4.53 yr, 6 girls) and 14 TDP (age&...
Source: Research in Developmental Disabilities - Category: Disability Source Type: research
Condition:   Cerebral Palsy, Spastic Interventions:   Other: Group 1 Experimental group;   Other: Group 2 Control group Sponsor:   Riphah International University Not yet recruiting
Source: - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
Conclusions: Anterior seat inclination with 5°, 10° and 15° could improve STS performance in children with SDCP. Therefore, applying these seats would be another option for children with SDCP to enhance STS performance. IMPLICATIONS FOR REHABILITATION Anterior seat inclination could improve sitting posture in children with diplegia. Children with diplegia spent less time when STS from the anterior seat inclination. Children with diplegia used less energy when STS from the anterior seat inclination. PMID: 31512537 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology. - Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Tags: Disabil Rehabil Assist Technol Source Type: research
To determine the prevalence, impact and management of acute and chronic pain amongst youth aged 5-18 years with cerebral palsy, attending outpatient rehabilitation services.
Source: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation - Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Source Type: research
Background: Previous study has shown that children with cerebral palsy (CP) functioning at Gross Motor Function Classification System (GMFCS) levels III and IV do not benefit from distal rectus femoris transfer (DRFT) due to lack of improvement in stance knee extension. The fate of knees in such subjects who do not undergo DRFT is unknown. The purpose of this study was to compare knee kinematic outcomes in patients with CP and stiff knee gait who underwent single-event multilevel surgery with and without DRFT. Methods: Preoperative and postoperative gait analysis data were retrospectively reviewed for ambulatory (GMFC...
Source: Journal of Pediatric Orthopaedics - Category: Orthopaedics Tags: Cerebral Palsy Source Type: research
Background: The purpose of this study is to determine which factors drive patients with diplegic cerebral palsy to walk without knee recurvatum despite hyperextension of the knee on physical examination. Methods: A retrospective review was conducted of all data collected in the Gait Analysis Laboratory between 1999 and 2014. Patients with spastic diplegic cerebral palsy and at least 5 degrees of knee extension on clinical examination were identified for the study. After IRB approval, a total of 60 children ranging in age from 4 to 17 were included in the study. There were 27 female patients. Gross Motor Function Class...
Source: Journal of Pediatric Orthopaedics - Category: Orthopaedics Tags: Cerebral Palsy Source Type: research
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