Lipoprotein-associated phospholipase A ₂ activity is increased in patients with definite familial hypercholesterolemia compared with other forms of hypercholesterolemia

Lipoprotein-associated phospholipase A2 (Lp-PLA2) plays a key role in atherosclerosis development. It is considered a marker of increased risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD) and plaque vulnerability. Familial hypercholesterolemia (FH) is a genetic disorder characterized by elevated plasma levels of low-density lipoprotein cholesterol and a higher prevalence of early CVD.Our aim was to evaluate the differences in Lp-PLA2 activity in a population of hypercholesterolemic patients with and without definite FH.
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - Category: Nutrition Authors: Source Type: research

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Authors: Schulte C, Zeller T Abstract Cardiovascular (CV) risk assessment is based on the utilization of risk scores, enabling clinicians to estimate an individual's risk to develop CV pathologies and events. Such risk scores comprise classic CV risk factors such as smoking, diabetes, hypertension, and blood cholesterol levels. Recently, other CV biomarkers such as cardiac troponins have been suggested and evaluated as alternative biomarkers not only in the acute diagnostic setting of myocardial infarction, but also as markers for risk stratification in the general population. In this review, we summarize the curre...
Source: Herz - Category: Cardiology Tags: Herz Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 7 December 2019Source: Microbial PathogenesisAuthor(s): Philippe Bercier, Marcelo Gottschalk, Daniel GrenierAbstractStreptococcus suis is a bacterial pathogen that mainly colonizes the upper respiratory tract of pigs. It is known to cause severe infections such as septicemia, meningitis, arthritis, and endocarditis in pigs and to be responsible for major economic losses in the swine industry worldwide. To better understand the interactions between S. suis and the porcine respiratory epithelium, we investigated the ability of this pathogen to cause damage to the tracheal epithelial barrier...
Source: Microbial Pathogenesis - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 7 December 2019Source: Revista Española de Cardiología (English Edition)Author(s): Carlos Escobar, Manuel Anguita, Vicente Arrarte, Vivencio Barrios, Ángel Cequier, Juan Cosín-Sales, Isabel Egocheaga, Esteban López de Sa, Luis Masana, Vicente Pallarés, Leopoldo Pérez de Isla, Xavier Pintó, José Ramón González Juanatey, José Luis ZamoranoAbstractThe current control of low-density lipoprotein cholesterol among patients with atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease is very low and this is associated with an inc...
Source: Revista Espanola de Cardiologia - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 7 December 2019Source: American Heart JournalAuthor(s): Sarah T. Ahmed, Dhruv Mahtta, Hasan Rehman, Julia Akeroyd, Mahmoud Al Rifai, Fatima Rodriguez, Hani Jneid, Khurram Nasir, Zainab Samad, Mahboob Alam, Laura A. Petersen, Salim S. ViraniBackgroundStatin use remains suboptimal in patients with atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD). We assessed if the frequency of visits with primary care providers (PCPs) is associated with higher use of evidence-based statin prescriptions and adherence among patients with ASCVD.MethodsWe identified patients with ASCVD aged ≥18 years rec...
Source: American Heart Journal - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: This study did not support an association between statin use and diagnostic conversion but suggested a possible association between statin use and cognitive change in EMCI. Additional randomized clinical trials of statins may be warranted in the prodromal EMCI stage of AD. PMID: 31806426 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: The American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Am J Geriatr Psychiatry Source Type: research
ConclusionSignificant moderate association between CRP and several blood tests was evaluated in apparently healthy population. This information should be used for further studies of the relationship between inflammation and biological processes.
Source: Clinica Chimica Acta - Category: Laboratory Medicine Source Type: research
Authors: Sevim E, Willis R, Erkan D Abstract Antiphospholipid syndrome (APS) is a systemic autoimmune disorder characterized by thrombosis, pregnancy morbidity, or nonthrombotic manifestations in patients with persistently positive antiphospholipid antibodies (aPL). Conventional APS treatment focuses on antithrombotic strategies, which are usually ineffective for the microvascular and nonthrombotic manifestations of aPL. Using a case-based presentation, this review focuses on the role of immunosuppression in nonobstetric APS, including B-cell inhibition (rituximab, belimumab, and bortezomib), complement inhibition ...
Source: Hematology ASH Education Program - Category: Hematology Tags: Hematology Am Soc Hematol Educ Program Source Type: research
In this study we investigated the interaction of astringent polyphenols, namely ECG, EGCG, procyanidin B4 and PGG, with lipids in model membranes by spectroscopic techniques. The membrane model was built varying the cholesterol content to mimic mouth regions and experiments were conducted at pH 5 to mimic the pH drop at the moment of beverage (e.g. green tea, red wine) intake.Fluorescence quenching results conducted on LUVs with cholesterol molar fractions ranging between 0.34 
Source: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA) Biomembranes - Category: Biochemistry Source Type: research
This study provides molecular and structural insight into the effect of an apoptotic raft-like bilayer on the conformation and dynamics of CRT, which could enrich our understanding of CRT-mediated apoptotic-cell clearance and focal adhesion disassembly.Graphical abstract
Source: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA) Biomembranes - Category: Biochemistry Source Type: research
We examined the relationships among dietary patterns, dietary biomarkers, and metabolic indicators in type 2 diabetes (n = 871). Design: Diabetic patients (n = 871) who provided complete clinical and dietary data in both 2008 and 2009 were selected from a cohort participating in a diabetic control study in Taiwan. Dietary data were obtained using a short, semiquantitative food frequency questionnaires, and dietary pattern identified by factor analysis. Multiple linear regressions were used to analyze the association between dietary biomarkers (ferritin, folate, and erythrocyte n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids [n-3 PUFA...
Source: Food and Nutrition Research - Category: Nutrition Authors: Tags: Food Nutr Res Source Type: research
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