Analysis of vehicle accident-injury severities: A comparison of segment- versus accident-based latent class ordered probit models with class-probability functions
Publication date: June 2018 Source:Analytic Methods in Accident Research, Volume 18 Author(s): Grigorios Fountas, Panagiotis Ch. Anastasopoulos, Fred L. Mannering Using information from 1990 single-vehicle accidents that occurred between 2011 and 2013 in the state of Washington, the injury severity level of the most severely injured vehicle occupant is studied using two latent class modeling approaches: segment-based and accident-based latent class ordered probit model with class-probability functions. The segment-based latent class ordered probit framework allows explanatory parameters to vary across unobserved groups (classes) of the highway segment population, while the modeling structure treats all segment-specific injury observations homogeneously (grouped). The accident-based latent class ordered probit framework allows for the explanatory parameters to vary across unobserved groups of the accident population, and the modeling structure treats all accident injury-severity observations individually (ungrouped). To further address heterogeneity arising from the probabilistic assignment of the highway segments or accident observations in the latent classes, the class probabilities are allowed to vary as a function of explanatory parameters, respectively. For both modeling approaches, the proposed latent class approach with class-probability functions is compared to its latent class counterpart with fixed class probabilities, and the results support the statistical superio...
Publication date: Available online 18 August 2019Source: NeuroImage: ClinicalAuthor(s): Eva Matt, Florian Ph.S. Fischmeister, Thomas Foki, Roland BeisteinerAbstractApraxia is a deficit in central motor planning impairing praxis functions such as gesture production or tool use that affects a substantial number of patients with advanced Parkinson's disease. We investigated the functional connectivity of the praxis network in patients in early stages of Parkinson's disease having an increased risk for apraxia and evaluated the influence of dopaminergic therapy on praxis abilities and related networks.13 patients with mild to ...
Manzi is the chair, Department of Medicine at Allegheny Health Network.
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