How a False Alarm Affects Future Cancer Screenings

MONDAY, April 23, 2018 -- A cancer scare could increase the chances that you'll be diligent about recommended screenings in the future, a new study finds. People who got a false-positive result on a breast or prostate cancer screening test were more...
Source: Drugs.com - Daily MedNews - Category: General Medicine Source Type: news

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Publication date: Available online 18 May 2019Source: Journal of Herbal MedicineAuthor(s): Richard Komakech, Youngmin KangAbstractMedicinal plants have been an integral part of the healthcare system for centuries. Prunus africana, an evergreen plant of the family Rosaceae in sub-Saharan Africa, has been used to treat numerous diseases and disorders since time immemorial. Over the past decades, several ethnomedicinal surveys were conducted in many communities across Africa which validated the use of P. africana in traditional medicine. The increased interest in P. africana across the globe has led to several pharmacological...
Source: Journal of Herbal Medicine - Category: Complementary Medicine Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 18 May 2019Source: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA) - Molecular Cell ResearchAuthor(s): Zoran CuligAbstractEpithelial to mesencyhmal transition (EMT) has a central role in tumor metastasis and progression. EMT is regulated by several growth factors and pro-inflammatory cytokines. The most important role in this regulation could be attributed to transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β). In breast cancer, TGF-β effect on EMT could be potentiated by Fos-related antigen, oncogene HER2, epidermal growth factor, or mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase 5 – extracellular-re...
Source: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA) Molecular Cell Research - Category: Molecular Biology Source Type: research
Abstract Early diagnosis and management of prostate cancer is crucial to providing safe, high-quality care to patients. Understanding the complexities of the signs and symptoms of prostate cancer can help nurse practitioners (NPs) make timely decisions to assess a patient's complaints and consider differential diagnoses. Acting on diagnostics, NPs can guide patients through treatment strategies to ensure positive health outcomes. PMID: 31099786 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Clinical Journal of Oncology Nursing - Category: Nursing Authors: Tags: Clin J Oncol Nurs Source Type: research
ConclusionsThree-dimensional printing shows revolutionary potentials for patient counseling, pre- and intraoperative surgical planning, and education in urology. Together with the “patient-tailored” presurgical planning, it puts the basis for 3D-bioprinting technology. Although costs and “production times” remain the major concerns, this kind of technology may represent a step forward to meet patients’ and surgeons’ expectations.Patient summaryThree-dimensional printing has been used for several purposes to help the surgeon better understand anatomy, sharpen his/her skills, and guide the...
Source: European Urology - Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 17 May 2019Source: European UrologyAuthor(s): Bingzhi Wang, Huan Deng, Lan Cao
Source: European Urology - Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research
Up to 60% of patients (pts) with prostate cancer that extends beyond the prostatic capsule will have positive resection margins following radical prostatectomy. Post-operative radiation therapy (PostOp) is routinely offered to those pts. Although this improves local control and overall survival, it results in significantly more late toxicity than surgery alone. Pre-operative radiation therapy (PreOp) has become the standard for soft tissue sarcoma and rectal cancer, improving local control and reducing toxicity compared to PostOp.
Source: Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Sciences - Category: Radiology Authors: Source Type: research
Most cancers that metastasize to the cervical lymph nodes are from the upper aerodigestive tract. We use a case report and systematic literature review to highlight a very rare example of atypical metastatic spread to the cervical lymph nodes from advanced prostate cancer without involvement of other lymph node groups.
Source: Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Sciences - Category: Radiology Authors: Source Type: research
Authors: Bobrowska-Korczak B, Skrajnowska D, Kiss AK, Wrzesien R, Bielecki W, OrzoƂ A, Zebrowski P, Bialek S Abstract Prostate cancer continues to be a major cause of morbidity and mortality in men around the world. The data concerning the antioxidant status and the degree of lipid peroxidation at the moment of the initiation of cancer is limited. The aim of this research is to assess the effect of selected minerals (zinc, selenium, iron, copper and calcium) on the growth of the neoplastic process and the concentrations of selected biomarkers of the oxidative damage in rats with implanted prostate cancer cells. It...
Source: Journal of Biological Regulators and Homeostatic Agents - Category: Biomedical Science Tags: J Biol Regul Homeost Agents Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 16 May 2019Source: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology A: ChemistryAuthor(s): Sathish Kumar Ponnaiah, Prakash Periakaruppan, T. Arumuganathan, B. JeyaprabhaAbstractAny body system controlled by hormones (or endocrine) can be spoilt by hormone disruptors. Bisphenol A (BPA) is a notorious endocrine disruptor, found in the inside coating of infant formula cans, plastic food containers and plastic bottles. This hazardous BPA causes breast malignancy, thyroid tumor, and prostate cancer. More importantly it induces hormonal imbalance resulting in sexual growth problems such as male-femin...
Source: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology A: Chemistry - Category: Chemistry Source Type: research
AbstractPurpose of ReviewTo summarize recent investigation into associations between the genitourinary microbiota and prostatic disease.Recent FindingsThe genitourinary tract is not sterile. There are microbial communities (microbiota) in each niche of the genitourinary tract including the bladder, prostate, and urethra, which have been the subject of increasing scientific interest. Investigators have utilized several unique methods to study them, resulting in a highly heterogeneous body of literature. To characterize these genitourinary microbiota, diverse clinical specimens have been analyzed, including urine obtained by...
Source: Current Urology Reports - Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research
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