Picroside II Attenuates CCI-Induced Neuropathic Pain in Rats by Inhibiting Spinal Reactive Astrocyte-Mediated Neuroinflammation Through the NF- κB Pathway.

Picroside II Attenuates CCI-Induced Neuropathic Pain in Rats by Inhibiting Spinal Reactive Astrocyte-Mediated Neuroinflammation Through the NF-κB Pathway. Neurochem Res. 2018 Apr 18;: Authors: Nong X, Lan Y Abstract Reactive astrocyte-mediated neuroinflammatory responses in the spinal dorsal horn have been reported to play a pivotal role in pathological pain. Chronic constriction injury (CCI) enhances the activation of nuclear factor kappa B (NF-κB), which is involved in neuropathic pain (NP). Picroside II (PII), a major active component of Picrorhiza scrophulariiflora, has been investigated for its anti-oxidative, anti-inflammatory, and anti-apoptotic activities. Here, we explored the analgesic effects of PII on a model of CCI-induced NP and investigated the levels of the GFAP protein and the mRNA and protein levels of pro-inflammatory cytokines in the spinal cord, including interleukin-1β (IL-1β), interleukin-6 (IL-6) and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α). CCI significantly induced mechanical allodynia and thermal hyperalgesia. Intraperitoneal administration of PII remarkably reversed the CCI-induced mechanical allodynia and thermal hyperalgesia and reduced the mRNA and protein levels of IL-1β, IL-6, and TNF-α in the spinal cord. Additionally, according to the in vitro data, the PII treatment inhibited LPS-induced increases in the mRNA and protein levels of IL-1β, IL-6, and TNF-α and suppressed the ...
Source: Neurochemical Research - Category: Neuroscience Authors: Tags: Neurochem Res Source Type: research

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ConclusionOur results demonstrate that either Endomorphin-1 or CGRP receptor antagonist is able to decrease the neuropathic pain after SCI but combination therapy by a CGRP receptor antagonist and Endomorphin-1 did not make any further reduction in pain sensation.
Source: Journal of Chemical Neuroanatomy - Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research
ConclusionsDespite published reports showing benefit for pain control in patients with BPA, the overall low quality, retrospective evidence included in this review highlights the need for a rigorous prospective study to further address this indication.
Source: Neuromodulation: Technology at the Neural Interface - Category: Biotechnology Authors: Tags: Review Article Source Type: research
This article reviews the functional impairments frequently encountered in breast, head and neck, brain, and spinal cord tumors. The authors also discuss management and treatment options incorporated in comprehensive cancer rehabilitation to address these impairments to maximize and maintain function and quality of life. PMID: 32035567 [PubMed - in process]
Source: The Medical Clinics of North America - Category: General Medicine Authors: Tags: Med Clin North Am Source Type: research
Conclusions: There is some evidence suggesting that the magnitude and presence of NP following SCI results in both adaptive and maladaptive structural plasticity of sensorimotor regions, alongside altered metabolism of brain areas involved with descending pain modulation, pain perception (i.e., anterior cingulate cortex) and sensory integration (i.e., thalamus). However, based on the fact that only a few studies investigated structural and glucose metabolic changes in chronic SCI subjects with NP, the underlying mechanisms that accompany this condition remains to be further elucidated. Future cross-sectional or longitudina...
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
We present the case of a 48-year old male patient with chronic motor complete SCI, who benefited from a 5-day period of bilateral L2-level DRG-stimulation by experiencing suppression of transfer-evoked spasticity problems and of chronic lower back pain. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first case describing the successful application of DRG-stimulation for spasticity depression in patients with chronic SCI.
Source: BRAIN STIMULATION: Basic, Translational, and Clinical Research in Neuromodulation - Category: Neurology Authors: Source Type: research
STUDY DESIGN: Pre-post cohort mixed factorial design. OBJECTIVE: Excessive daytime sleepiness (EDS) and chronic pain are major problems for people with spinal cord injury (SCI). However, the relationship between chronic pain and EDS requires clarif...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news
AbstractImpaired intestinal mucosal integrity during colitis involves the peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor- γ (PPARγ), an important anti-inflammatory factor in intestinal mucosa homoeostasis, which is a potential target in colitis. Recurrent chronic pain is a vital pathogenetic feature of colitis. Nevertheless, potential functions of PPARγ in the colitis-associated hyperalgesia remain unclear. This stu dy aimed to investigate biological roles of pioglitazone in relieving colitis-associated pain hypersensitivity by a PPARγ tight junction protein-dependent mechanism during the course of dext...
Source: Inflammation - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
Conclusion: Individuals with SCI experience more sleep problems compared to the Swiss GP. Findings from this study suggest that clinical screening for sleep issues targeting high risk groups is needed to reduce the large prevalence of non-treatment in individuals with SCI. PMID: 31977291 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine - Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Spinal Cord Med Source Type: research
Abstract Chronic pain conditions such as neuropathic pain and persistent inflammatory pain are difficult to manage. Alpha-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazolepropionic acid (AMPA) receptors modulate nociceptive processing at the spinal dorsal horn. Previous studies have shown that intrathecal AMPA receptor antagonists exert antinociception in various pain states. Perampanel is a selective, noncompetitive inhibitor of the AMPA receptor and used clinically as an antiepileptic drug. Little is known about antinociceptive action of perampanel in the spinal cord. Here, we explored whether intrathecal perampanel attenuat...
Source: European Journal of Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Tags: Eur J Pharmacol Source Type: research
In this study, we examined the role of spinal orexin receptors in antinociceptive response elicited by the LH stimulation in an animal model of neuropathic pain. Male Wistar rats were unilaterally implanted with a cannula into the LH and a catheter into the L4-L5 segments of the spinal cord followed by chronic constriction injury (CCI) surgery. Intra-LH microinjection of carbachol (500 nM; 0.5μL) was done 5 min after intrathecal administration of the orexin receptor antagonists, SB-334867 or TCS OX2 29; control animals received DMSO. Mechanical allodynia and thermal hyperalgesia were evaluated using von Frey filaments a...
Source: Brain Research - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Brain Res Source Type: research
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