Even Organic Cotton Tampons Can Cause Toxic Shock: Study

FRIDAY, April 20, 2018 -- Although still exceedingly rare, menstrual toxic shock syndrome can be dangerous and has been tied to the use of tampons. And new research finds that the type of fibers used in manufacturing tampons doesn't seem to matter...
Source: Drugs.com - Daily MedNews - Category: General Medicine Source Type: news

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We present a case of a previously healthy 37-year-old male who developed fever, nausea, vomiting, diarrhoea, and hypovolaemia. Within 5.5 h he presented with tachycardia, tachypnoea, became hypotensive and displayed a diffuse erythematous rash. In the following hours he developed persistent hypotension, acute respiratory distress syndrome, liver failure, kidney failure and disseminated intravascular coagulation. A diagnosis of toxic shock syndrome was made, but despite antibiotic therapy, immunoglobulin administration, and supportive measures, the patient died 50 h after presentation. Streptococcus pyogenes was isolated fr...
Source: Journal of the Royal College of Physicians of Edinburgh - Category: General Medicine Tags: J R Coll Physicians Edinb Source Type: research
Brooke Wilson, 23, from Michigan, nearly died after contracting toxic shock syndrome from a tampon  after doctors initially dismissed her flu-like symptoms as signs of strep throat.
Source: the Mail online | Health - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news
Staphylococcus aureus-induced arthritis causes rapid joint destruction, often leading to disabling joint damage despite antibiotics. We have previously shown that interleukin-15 (IL-15) inhibition without antibiotics is beneficial in S. aureus-induced arthritis. We therefore hypothesized that the inhibition of IL-15, in combination with antibiotics, might represent a useful therapy that would reduce inflammation and joint destruction but preserve the host's ability to clear the infection. Female wild-type C57BL/6 mice were intravenously inoculated with the toxic shock syndrome toxin 1 (TSST-1)-producing LS-1 strain of S. a...
Source: Infection and Immunity - Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Tags: Bacterial Infections Source Type: research
Toxic shock syndrome is caused by an immune system reaction to bacterial toxins such as S. aureus or the streptococcus bacteria.  Symptoms include fever, rash, low blood pressure and fatigue, and the condition can quickly progress to coma and even death through multiple organ failure.
Source: WebMD Health - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news
This study demonstrates that highly reproducible results for S. aureus growth and TSST-1 production can be obtained using a simple protocol that reproduces the physiological conditions of tampon and cup usage as closely as possible, providing recommendations for tampon or cup use to both manufacturers and consumers. Notably, our results do not show that menstrual cups are safer than tampons and suggest that they require similar precautions. PMID: 29678918 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Applied and Environmental Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Authors: Tags: Appl Environ Microbiol Source Type: research
Amy Haller Follis, of Pennsylvania, saw her mother, father, grandparents, uncle, and her cousin who committed suicide in the mid-1990s at 16. All this despite taking out her tampon in time.
Source: the Mail online | Health - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news
Authors: Arabestani MR, Rastiyani S, Alikhani MY, Mousavi SF Abstract Objectives: We sought to evaluate the relationship between the prevalence of antibiotics resistance and virulence factors genes in methicillin-resistant Staphylococcal aureus (MRSA) and methicillin-sensitive S. aureus (MSSA) strains from clinical samples taken in west Iran. Methods: We performed a cross-sectional study using 100 MRSA and 100 MSSA samples isolated from clinical specimens. We used biochemical methods to identify the isolates, which were confirmed by the polymerase chain reaction (PCR) assay. Antibiotic susceptibility testing wa...
Source: Oman Medical Journal - Category: Middle East Health Tags: Oman Med J Source Type: research
Remitting seronegative symmetrical synovitis with pitting edema (RS3PE) is a rare syndrome characterized by “remitting,” “seronegative” (namely rheumatoid factor-negative), and “symmetrical” synovitis with pit...
Source: BMC Infectious Diseases - Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Tags: Case report Source Type: research
Researchers from the University of Connecticut found that hot-air dryers can spread Staphylococcus aureus, which can cause life-threatening sepsis or toxic shock syndrome.
Source: the Mail online | Health - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news
Dextromethorphan Attenuates NADPH Oxidase-regulated GSK-3β and NF-κB Activation and Reduces Nitric Oxide Production in Group A Streptococcal Infection. Antimicrob Agents Chemother. 2018 Mar 26;: Authors: Chen CL, Cheng MH, Kuo CF, Cheng YL, Li MH, Chang CP, Wu JJ, Anderson R, Wang S, Tsai PJ, Liu CC, Lin YS Abstract Group A streptococcus (GAS) is an important human pathogen that causes a wide spectrum of diseases, including necrotizing fasciitis and streptococcal toxic shock syndrome. Dextromethorphan (DM), an antitussive drug, has been demonstrated to efficiently reduce inflammatory respon...
Source: Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy - Category: Microbiology Authors: Tags: Antimicrob Agents Chemother Source Type: research
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