Contact Sports May Alter the Brain, Scans Suggest

FRIDAY, April 20, 2018 -- There are differences in the brains of athletes who play contact sports and those who play noncontact sports, according to researchers. But they added that it isn't clear if these differences are caused by blows to the head...
Source: Drugs.com - Daily MedNews - Category: General Medicine Source Type: news

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Authors: Coenen S, Weyts E, Geens P, Vermeire S, Ferrante M, Vanhaecht K, Van Assche G Abstract OBJECTIVES: Patient reported outcomes are widely used in today's clinical practice. The Short Health Scale has been proven to be an easy-to-use and reliable measure to evaluate quality of life in patients with inflammatory bowel disease. We aimed to validate this Short Health Scale in Dutch speaking patients. METHODS: A total of 157 Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis patients (46% male, median age 39 years) completed the Short Health Scale on a tablet during the outpatient clinic. Validity was assessed by co...
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Scand J Gastroenterol Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: There was an inverse correlation between temporal changes in the relative abundance of F. prausnitzii, but not overall butyrate producing capacity, and changes in inflammatory activity in ileal Crohn's disease. These findings indicate that F. prausnitzii may play a role in gut homeostasis, even though causality is still to be demonstrated. PMID: 31104514 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Scand J Gastroenterol Source Type: research
Conclusion Functional classification of VUR into continuous and transient reflux resulted in higher correlation with DMSA scan findings compared with anatomic reflux grading in follow-up patients with VUR. Cyclic imaging contributed to continuous reflux diagnosis. The significance of functional information obtained from cyclic DRC in initial diagnostic workup, management, and follow-up of children with urinary tract infection needs to be determined with further studies.
Source: Nuclear Medicine Communications - Category: Nuclear Medicine Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLES Source Type: research
Conclusion BSI is a useful asset in stratification of patients with metastatic bone disease. It may also have a place in prediction of biochemical response.
Source: Nuclear Medicine Communications - Category: Nuclear Medicine Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLES Source Type: research
Conclusion Radioguided pulmonary nodule localization is a reliable procedure with a high rate of success, minimal complications, and lower risk of failures, with no associated mortality or significant morbidity. Our SPECT/CT system is the first to benefit from the technological improvement with successfully implementation and application of fluoroscopy to SPECT/CT.
Source: Nuclear Medicine Communications - Category: Nuclear Medicine Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLES Source Type: research
Conclusion Tumor 18F-FDG uptake>liver uptake and pathological high-risk tumors were significant independent predictors of postoperative tumor recurrence in stage I lung adenocarcinoma. Combining the two factors improves the prediction of disease-free and overall survivals, which could offer a feasible prediction model for clinically recommending adjuvant chemotherapy.
Source: Nuclear Medicine Communications - Category: Nuclear Medicine Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLES Source Type: research
Conclusion NP-59 adrenal scintigraphy is a useful imaging test to detect APA. Lateralization by this modality prior to surgical intervention may reduce the need for such invasive procedures as adrenal venous sampling.
Source: Nuclear Medicine Communications - Category: Nuclear Medicine Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLES Source Type: research
Objective Following the implementation of single-photon emission computed tomography ventilation/perfusion (SPECT V/Q) in our department, we previously carried out an observational study over the period 2011–2013 that showed the safety of SPECT V/Q to rule out pulmonary embolism (PE). However, PE prevalence (28%) was high compared with some studies. Our hypothesis was that the use of SPECT V/Q may be responsible for an overdiagnosis of PE, especially at the implementation phase of the test. The aim was to carry out a time trend analysis of the evolution over the years of PE diagnosis with SPECT V/Q. Patients and m...
Source: Nuclear Medicine Communications - Category: Nuclear Medicine Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLES Source Type: research
Publication date: 2019Source: Materials Today: Proceedings, Volume 12, Part 1Author(s): K.A. Yazovskikh, S.F. Lomayeva, A.A. Shakov, G.N. Konygin, O.M. NemtsovaAbstractFe75Si15Al10 alloy was produced by ball milling the elemental powder mixture under argon atmosphere. Surface modification of the powder particles was carried out via wet ball milling in organosilicon block copolymer (“Lestosil SM”) and surfactant (sodium dodecyl sulfate) solutions. The produced materials were characterized by means of scanning electron microscopy, X-ray diffraction and Mossbauer spectroscopy. The interaction of modifying agents w...
Source: Materials Today: Proceedings - Category: Materials Science Source Type: research
Publication date: 2019Source: Materials Today: Proceedings, Volume 12, Part 1Author(s): Tlek Ketegenov, Olesya Tyumentseva, Natasha Khan, Ardak Karagulanova, Markizat MyrzabekovaAbstractThe paper presents the results of a study of the surface modification of fly ash microspheres with titanium dioxide. To improve adhesion of titanium dioxide, the surface of microspheres was pretreated with concentrated alkali solutions followed by low-temperature sintering with mechanically activated mixture of titanium dioxide and alkali. After separation of microspheres, the mixture was hydrolyzed followed by high-temperature drying. The ...
Source: Materials Today: Proceedings - Category: Materials Science Source Type: research
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