Urbanization prolongs hantavirus epidemics in cities.

Urbanization prolongs hantavirus epidemics in cities. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2018 Apr 17;: Authors: Tian H, Hu S, Cazelles B, Chowell G, Gao L, Laine M, Li Y, Yang H, Li Y, Yang Q, Tong X, Huang R, Bjornstad ON, Xiao H, Stenseth NC Abstract Urbanization and rural-urban migration are two factors driving global patterns of disease and mortality. There is significant concern about their potential impact on disease burden and the effectiveness of current control approaches. Few attempts have been made to increase our understanding of the relationship between urbanization and disease dynamics, although it is generally believed that urban living has contributed to reductions in communicable disease burden in industrialized countries. To investigate this relationship, we carried out spatiotemporal analyses using a 48-year-long dataset of hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome incidence (HFRS; mainly caused by two serotypes of hantavirus in China: Hantaan virus and Seoul virus) and population movements in an important endemic area of south China during the period 1963-2010. Our findings indicate that epidemics coincide with urbanization, geographic expansion, and migrant movement over time. We found a biphasic inverted U-shaped relationship between HFRS incidence and urbanization, with various endemic turning points associated with economic growth rates in cities. Our results revealed the interrelatedness of urbanization, migration, and hantavirus epidemiology...
Source: Rural Remote Health - Category: Rural Health Authors: Tags: Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A Source Type: research

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Source: BMJ Comments - Category: General Medicine Source Type: forums
Publication date: January 2020Source: Biometric Technology Today, Volume 2020, Issue 1Author(s): A new study has ranked 50 countries on how extensively and invasively they use biometric surveillance, and in contrast who best regulates the technology. China is named the poorest performer of all, but perhaps surprisingly it is joined by the US in the five worst countries – while the UK is ranked among the top five best-regulated.
Source: Biometric Technology Today - Category: Information Technology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 16 January 2020Source: The Lancet HIVAuthor(s): Nicholas A Medland, Peter Banys, Van Phillip Baton, Johann Nadela, Lisa Maher, Ilya Tac-An
Source: The Lancet HIV - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
Conclusion The current level of awareness for clinical trials of cancer patients in our hospital was relatively low, even in patients who had atte nded clinical trials before. It’s necessary to improve patients’ awareness of clinical trial by promoting harmony relationship between patients and doctors, as well as by enhancing related propagation. Strengthening the adequacy and efficacy of informed consent in clinical trials also needs to b e achieved in the future. DOI: 10.3779/j.issn.1009-3419.2020.01.02
Source: Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
Conclusion T4 stage patients had worse survival in N2 group. To get a more precisely stratification, skip metastasis and number of involved lymph node stations should be considered in future N stage classification. 
 DOI: 10.3779/j.issn.1009-3419.2020.01.03
Source: Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
Conclusion The expression of TRIM59 is closely related to the prognosis of NSCLC patients, and it is an independent risk factor for NSCLC patients. DOI: 10.3779/j.issn.1009-3419.2020.01.04
Source: Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
This study mainly explores the relationship between the ASPM expression of lung adenocarcinoma and the development and prognosis of lung cancer. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between the expression of abnormal spindle-like microcephaly-associated protein (ASPM) in lung adenocarcinoma and the development and prognosis in lung cancer. Methods A total of 90 cases of lung adenocarcinoma tissue specimens and 90 cases of benign pulmonary lesions were collected, the expression of ASPM was detected by immunohistochemical technique, and the expression of ASPM in 12 pairs of tissues was detected by real-t...
Source: Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
Conclusion It was safety to discontinued oral antiplatelet agents before operation, with no MACE and death in perioperative period. 
 DOI: 10.3779/j.issn.1009-3419.2020.01.06
Source: Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
Conclusion The acceptance of clinical trials in cancer patients in our hospital is generally high, especially in patients who had a history of trial participation. It ’s of substantial significance to give full play to the role of doctors in improving the acceptance of clinical trials of cancer patients in China. DOI: 10.3779/j.issn.1009-3419.2020.01.07
Source: Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
Conclusion This study optimizes the procedure of port-only artificial pneumothorax robot-assisted lobectomy in order to serve lung cancer patients better. 
 DOI: 10.3779/j.issn.1009-3419.2020.01.08
Source: Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
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