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Improved method of delivering anti-cancer drugs

(Cardiff University) A new non-toxic method for delivering anti-cancer drugs to specific parts of the human body could mean the end of the severe and nasty side effects associated with many cancer therapies, according to researchers at Cardiff University's School of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences.
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

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RIMA Abstract Metastasis remains the most common cause of death in cancer patients. Inhibition of metalloproteinases (MMPs) is an interesting approach to cancer therapy because of their role in the degradation of extracellular matrix (ECM), cell-cell, and cell-ECM interactions, modulating key events in cell migration and invasion. Herein, we show the cytotoxic and antimetastatic effects of the third fraction (FR3) from Bauhinia variegata candida (Bvc) stem on human cervical tumor cells (HeLa) and human peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs). FR3 inhibited MMP-2 and MMP-9 activity, indicated by zymogram. This ...
Source: Biomed Res - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Biomed Res Int Source Type: research
Authors: Jafarirad S, Hammami Torghabe E, Rasta SH, Salehi R Abstract In the present research, an effective drug-free approach was developed to kill MCF7 breast cancer cells using low-level laser therapy (LLLT) combined with reduced graphene oxide (rGO)-based hybrid nanocomposites (NCs). Here, fruit extract of Rosa canina was used for the first time to obtain the rGO/ZnO, Ag-ZnO/rGO and Nd-ZnO/rGO NCs by green synthesis. Physico/photochemical properties of these NCs were evaluated using FTIR, XRD, Raman, XPS, SEM/EDX, UV-Vis, DLS and AFM. The potential of the as-synthesized NCs on ROS generating and antioxidant act...
Source: Artificial Cells, Nanomedicine and Biotechnology - Category: Biotechnology Tags: Artif Cells Nanomed Biotechnol Source Type: research
Authors: Ogura S, Yoshida Y, Kurahashi T, Egawa M, Furuta K, Kiso S, Kamada Y, Hikita H, Eguchi H, Ogita H, Doki Y, Mori M, Tatsumi T, Takehara T Abstract Dysregulation of cell metabolism is a hallmark of cancer. The mevalonate pathway in lipid metabolism has been implicated as a potential target of cancer therapy for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). The role of the Forkhead Box M1 (FoxM1) transcription factor in HCC development has been well documented, however, its involvement in cancer metabolism of HCC has not been fully determined. Here, we hypothesized that FoxM1 is involved in the mevalonate pathway of choles...
Source: Oncotarget - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Oncotarget Source Type: research
Authors: Ma J, Xu H, Wang S Abstract Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer death worldwide due to its late diagnosis and poor outcome. Immunotherapy is becoming more and more encouraging and promising in lung cancer therapy. Myeloid-derived suppressor cells (MDSCs) are the main tumor suppressor factors, and the treatment strategy of targeting MDSCs is gradually emerging. In this review, we summarize what is currently known about the role of MDSCs in lung cancer. In view of the emerging importance of MDSCs in lung cancer, the treatment of targeting MDSCs will be useful to the control of the development and prog...
Source: Journal of Immunology Research - Category: Allergy & Immunology Tags: J Immunol Res Source Type: research
In conclusion, ASRGL1 was closely associated with growth and apoptosis in cervical cancer. Therefore, ASRGL1 may be a novel, potentially effective anti‑cervical cancer therapy. PMID: 29767260 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Molecular Medicine Reports - Category: Molecular Biology Tags: Mol Med Rep Source Type: research
In this study, a promising drug nano-carrier system consisting of mono-dispersed and pH sensitive carboxylated chitosan-hollow mesoporous silica nanoparticles (Ccs-HMSNs) suitable for the treatment of malignant cells was synthesised and investigated. At neutral pH, the Ccs molecules are orderly aggregated state, which could effectively hinder the release of loaded drug molecules. However, in slightly acidic environment, Ccs chains are heavily and flexibly entangled in gel state, which would enhance the subsequent controlled release of the loaded drug. Using doxorubicin hydrochloride (DOX•HCl) as the drug model, their ...
Source: IET Nanobiotechnology - Category: Nanotechnology Source Type: research
Tareq Saleh, Liliya Tyutynuk-Massey, Emmanuel K. Cudjoe, Michael O. Idowu, Joseph W. Landry, David A. Gewirtz
Source: Frontiers in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
By ASHLEY ANDREOU In 2014, the majority of international health aid was dedicated to HIV. So, one might reasonably assume that this is the largest health problem facing the world. Yet, HIV only constitutes 4% of the global burden of disease. In 2014, noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) made up 50% of the entire disease burden, but only received 2% of all global health funds. The disease burden of NCDs is fast outpacing that of infectious diseases. Despite this, the proportion of global health financing dedicated to combatting NCDs has remained constant over the past 15 years at 1 to 2%. Currently, 32.6 million individuals...
Source: The Health Care Blog - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: OP-ED Biologic generics Cancer Pharmaceuitcals Retrovirals Source Type: blogs
By ASHLEY ANDREOU In 2014, the majority of international health aid was dedicated to HIV. So, one might reasonably assume that this is the largest health problem facing the world. Yet, HIV only constitutes 4% of the global burden of disease. In 2014, noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) made up 50% of the entire disease burden, but only received 2% of all global health funds. The disease burden of NCDs is fast outpacing that of infectious diseases. Despite this, the proportion of global health financing dedicated to combatting NCDs has remained constant over the past 15 years at 1 to 2%. Currently, 32.6 million individuals...
Source: The Health Care Blog - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: OP-ED Biologic generics Cancer Pharmaceuitcals Retrovirals Source Type: blogs
Publication date: 30 July 2018 Source:International Journal of Pharmaceutics, Volume 546, Issues 1–2 Author(s): Tao Zhang, Meng Li, Ruyi Yang, Dong Zhang, Jibin Guan, Jiang Yu, Bin Yang, Huicong Zhang, Shenwu Zhang, Dan Liu, Yongjun Wang Docetaxel (DTX) solution is among the most widely-used parenteral formulations used in advanced breast cancer therapy. However, severe side effects have been observed due to the use of ethanol and polysorbate 80. Herein, a novel DTX-based prodrug, docetaxel-linoleic acid conjugate (DTX-LA) was successfully synthesized. The high lipid solubility of DTX and DTX-LA resulted in a tenden...
Source: International Journal of Pharmaceutics - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
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