Correlation Between β-Catenin Expression and Staging in Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma Patients

AbstractNasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) is a malignant disease derived from nasopharyngeal epithelial cells that have a higher tendency for invasion and metastasis to the cervical lymph nodes than other head –neck malignancies. NPC patients with the same stages often show different progressions and prognoses. This suggests that clinical stages are not sufficient to predict progressivity, so biomarkers are required to provide better progression predictions. Some literature shows that the development an d progression of NPC is a complex mechanism involving various components of signal paths, it plays a role in regulating the process of proliferation, angiogenesis and apoptosis. One of the most studied is β-catenin protein that is a key component of the canonical Wnt signal pathway. The β-catenin protein is reported to have roles in increasing the proliferative pathway of c-Myc and cyclin D1, increasing the expression of IL-8 proangiogenesis factor, decreasing expression of RASSF1A tumor suppressor and inhibiting apoptosis through the barriers of caspace-9 activity. To determine the associat ion of β-catenin expression and staging in nasopharyngeal carcinoma patients. The research design used was analytic observational research with cross sectional approach. Samples were enrolled using consecutive sampling. The β-catenin expression was examined from the NPC tissue paraffin block with the immunohistochemical cracking technique, using an anti-β-cateni...
Source: Indian Journal of Otolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery - Category: ENT & OMF Source Type: research

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Authors: Zhang X, Ye Y, Fu M, Zheng B, Qiu Q, Huang Z Abstract The Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) is tightly associated with a variety of human tumors, including Burkitt lymphoma and acquired immune deficiency syndrome-related lymphoma of B-cell origin, as well as nasopharyngeal carcinoma and gastric cancer of epithelial origin. The virus latently infects the host cells and expresses proteins and non-coding RNAs to achieve malignancy. MicroRNAs (miRNAs or miRs) are small RNAs consisting of 19-25 nucleotides, which directly bind to the 3'-untranslated region of mRNAs to promote degradation and inhibit translation of mRNAs...
Source: Oncology Letters - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Oncol Lett Source Type: research
Abstract EIF4E is the rate-limiting factor in the mRNA translation of specific set of oncogenes. Snail is the core transcription factor of epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT), a key step of cancer metastasis. The connection between the two oncoproteins has not been well established in the human cancer tissues and in nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC). Here we showed that the positive correlative over-expression was seen between eIF4E and Snail in NPC tissues, and the expression was significantly higher in the metastatic NPC than in the un-metastatic NPC. In NPC cells, eIF4E knockdown significantly reduced Snail mR...
Source: Pathology Oncology Research - Category: Pathology Authors: Tags: Pathol Oncol Res Source Type: research
Thyroid-like low-grade nasopharyngeal papillary adenocarcinoma (TL-LGNPPA) is an extremely rare neoplasm. It morphologically resembles papillary thyroid carcinoma and is immunochemically positive for thyroid transcription factor 1. Herein, we reported a case of TL-LGNPPA in a female patient of 35 years old. She felt pharyngeal foreign body sensation of unknown cause and subsequently developed dyspnea after activities. Nasopharyngeal plain computerized tomography showed no abnormalities, but laryngoscopy showed a peanut-sized smooth neoplasm with a pedicel at the posterior edge of the nasal septum. The mass was completely r...
Source: Applied Immunohistochemistry and Molecular Morphology - Category: Chemistry Tags: Online Articles: Case Report Source Type: research
We present a case of an undifferentiated subtype of non-keratinizing squamous cell carcinoma (NK-SCC) with sarcomatoid features in the nasopharynx in a 69-year-old man who was difficult to diagnose due to spindle-shaped malignant cells. He was admitted because of a right nasal obstruction and right headache, and imaging revealed a heterogeneously enhanced irregularly shaped mass at the nasopharynx. Histopathologically, the tumour was partially organised, and the tumour cells were epithelioid or spindle-shaped. Initially, we erroneously diagnosed the tumour as an angiosarcoma owing to its false-negative immunoreaction for c...
Source: Malaysian Journal of Pathology - Category: Pathology Tags: Malays J Pathol Source Type: research
In this study, we investigated the role of LINC00460 in invasion and metastasis of nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC). In NPC cell lines named C666-1 and 5-8F, LINC00460 overexpression promoted cancer cell migration, invasion and epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT), while depletion of LINC00460 exhibited opposite effects. We further demonstrated that LINC00460 regulated Rap1A expression through competitively binding to miR-30a-3p. LINC00460 knockdown suppressed NPC metastasis in a xenograft mouse model. Taken together, our findings suggested LINC00460 functioned as an oncogene in NPC which promoted invasion and metastasis,...
Source: Human Cell - Category: Cytology Source Type: research
Nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) is a malignancy of epithelial origin that is prone to local invasion and early distant metastasis. Although concurrent chemotherapy and radiotherapy improves the 5-year survival outcomes, persistent or recurrent disease still occurs. Therefore, novel therapeutic targets are needed for NPC patients. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) play important roles in normal cell homeostasis, and dysregulations of miRNA expression have been implicated in human cancers. In NPC, studies have revealed that miRNAs are dysregulated and involved in tumorigenesis, metastasis, invasion, resistance to chemo- and radiotherapy, an...
Source: Frontiers in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
Epstein-Barr virus (EBV), a gamma-1 herpesvirus, is carried as a life-long asymptomatic infection by the great majority of individuals in all human populations. Yet this seemingly innocent virus is aetiologically linked to two pre-malignant lymphoproliferative diseases (LPDs) and up to nine distinct human tumours; collectively these have a huge global impact, being responsible for some 200,000 new cases of cancer arising worldwide each year. EBV replicates in oral epithelium but persists as a latent infection within the B cell system and several of its diseases are indeed of B cell origin; these include B-LPD of the immuno...
Source: Frontiers in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
Cell Death &Disease, Published online: 05 August 2019; doi:10.1038/s41419-019-1807-7Inhibition of ZIP4 reverses epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition and enhances the radiosensitivity in human nasopharyngeal carcinoma cells
Source: Cell death and disease - Category: Internal Medicine Authors: Source Type: research
Abstract Recent antitumor drug development has included investigation of a wide variety of anti-angiogenesis therapies. Because cancer cells in tumors require new blood vessels to grow and spread, they stimulate capillary proliferation from existing vessels as well as new vessel formation from endothelial precursor cells. Our previous findings suggested that drug resistance in mouse endothelial cells supported tumor growth, but the relationship between endothelial cells (ECs) and nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) cells remained unclear. Exosomes are small membrane vesicles that are released by several cell types, inc...
Source: Cellular Signalling - Category: Cytology Authors: Tags: Cell Signal Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS Let-7g-5p is lowly expressed in NPC and it was the first to discover that IGF-1R was a target gene of let-7g-5p in NPC. Upregulation of IGF-1R reversed the inhibitory effect of Let-7g-5p on epithelial-mesenchymal transition. PMID: 31374070 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Medical Science Monitor - Category: Research Tags: Med Sci Monit Source Type: research
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