Newborn Hearing Screening: Time to Act!
AbstractThe present study was carried out with the aim of assessing the outcomes of otoacoustic hearing screening in newborns coupled with the three stage protocol. It was a hospital based observational study which was conducted over a time period of twelve months at a tertiary care institute to screen 2000 live neonates for congenital hearing impairment using OAE, followed up by tympanometry and BERA, if required. 2000 neonates were screened for hearing impairment. 406 were in high risk group and the rest in non-high risk group. Seven neonates had absent V wave on BERA. Five of them were high risk babies and the rest two were non-high risk ones. In order to ensure that early detection and effective intervention are possible for all neonates with hearing impairment, UNHS should be performed. Three stage UNHS protocol using OAE and BERA showed that the implementation of UNHS for congenital childhood hearing loss for all neonates would be beneficial.
The deficits in the cochlea which is at the one end of the ear sound transfer system, may effect middle ear functions. Wideband typanometry (WBT) is frequently used to evaluate these transfer functions which play a crucial role in setting the impedance matching between the external ear and the cochlea. To this end, the aim of this study was to investigate the ear transfer functions in inner ear malformations via WBT, and to question whether these functions change depending on the types of inner ear malformation.
ConclusionThis study highlights the importance of incorporating an assessment of auditory acuity as part of memory assessment and post-diagnostic care-pathway for people with mild cognitive complaints given the established impact hearing loss has on the future risk for cognitive decline. Hearing loss is frequently unidentified and is a clear modifiable risk factor to promote brain health.
Conclusions The validated and developed models may be clinically useful, and further research validating, updating, and assessing the clinical impact of the models is warranted. PMID: 31518545 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Conclusions The clinical recording of multicomponent tympanometry over multiple sessions is more reliable when using 226- and 678-Hz probe tones. Hence, these probe tones lend themselves to possible applications requiring multiple recordings, such as evaluation of treatment outcomes or preservation of middle ear structures during surgery. PMID: 31461338 [PubMed - in process]
Objectives: Wideband absorbance (WBA) is an emerging technology to evaluate the conductive pathway (outer and middle ear) in young infants. While a wealth of research has been devoted to measuring WBA at ambient pressure, few studies have investigated the use of pressurized WBA with this population. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of age on WBA measured under pressurized conditions in healthy infants from 0 to 6 months of age. Design: Forty-four full-term healthy neonates (17 males and 27 females) participated in a longitudinal study. The neonates were assessed at 1-month intervals from 0 to 6 ...
Conclusion Results demonstrated the feasibility and clinical benefits of measuring TEOAE and WBA under pressurized conditions. Pressurized TEOAE and WBA should be used for assessment of ears with NMEP in hearing screening programs to reduce false alarm rates. PMID: 31437100 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
This study investigated vocabulary growth from 18 to 24 months of age in young children with repaired cleft palate (CP), children with otitis media, and typically developing (TD) children. In addition, the contributions of factors such as hearing level, middle ear status, size of consonant inventory, maternal education level, and gender to the development of expressive vocabulary were explored. Method Vocabulary size of 40 children with repaired CP, 29 children with otitis media, and 25 TD children was measured using the parent report on MacArthur-Bates Communicative Development Inventories: Words and Sentences (Fenson et ...
Conclusions The model may be clinically useful, and either the probabilistic or simplified paradigm of interpretation could be applied, depending on the context. In situations where the main goal is to identify severe middle ear dysfunction and ease of interpretation is highly valued, the simplified interpretation may be preferable (e.g., in a screening clinic that may not be concerned about missing some mild cases). In a diagnostic clinical environment, however, it may be beneficial to use the probabilistic method of interpretation. PMID: 31390297 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
CONCLUSIONS: OS with immune-stimulating molecules should be considered as a supporting therapy in children affected by recurrent episodes of UAI associated with OME due to their capacity to improve the immune response and reduce the inflammatory phenomena. OS can improve the fibroendoscopic findings by restoring middle ear ventilation, in addition to their ability to reduce inflammation in the middle ear. PMID: 31364144 [PubMed - in process]
AbstractThe aim of our study was to obtain wideband tympanometry (WBT) findings in Meniere ’s disease (MD). It also aimed to evaluate whether the data obtained have diagnostic significance. 21 patients who were followed-up for unilateral Meniere’s Disease were evaluated. The ears with Meniere disease were grouped as the MD group and the opposite ears were grouped as the control group. WBT results were recorded as resonance frequency (RF) and frequency-specific absorbance values at 10 different frequencies in the 0.25–8.0 kHz range. Statistical analysis was performed witht test and receiver-operating ...