Evaluation of quantitative and qualitative renal outcome following nephron sparing surgery
Conclusion: Renal parenchymal loss and duration of ischemia have impact on the follow-up renal function.
A 52-year-old man with diabetes mellitus, congestive heart failure, morbid obesity (body mass index: 37), and chronic kidney disease started peritoneal dialysis using a surgically inserted catheter (midline incision). Catheter dysfunction necessitated surgical repositioning. During the operation, a cavity localized in the subcutaneous fat of the abdominal wall was discovered, with connection to the peritoneum space and the entire catheter within the cavity. The malfunctioning catheter was replaced through the same insertion site without an attempt to fix the cavity.
To compare outcomes in patients with normal, moderate and severe chronic kidney disease undergoing endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair (EVAR) using devices with and without suprarenal fixation.
Authors of the CRIC study found sex-related disparities in chronic kidney disease progression. Scroll through our slideshow to get the highlights.
Discussion: Elevated malnutrition risk is a frequent finding in HD patients treated in hospital settings in Israel. Dietary intake does not meet guidelines but does not differ across malnutrition risk categories. Nutrition supplements are underused in HD patients with high malnutrition risk. There is a need to expand the survey to community HD centers.Nephron
AbstractPurposeTo evaluate the association between obesity phenotypes and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in non-dialysis-dependent CKD patients.MethodsData from the national CKD-REIN cohort which included 3033 patients with stage 3 –4 CKD were used. Patients were divided into three groups: non-obese (NO) patients (BMI
Chronic kidney disease (CKD), which affects people of all ages, can result in chronic renal failure, its most significant outcome.
In this study, chronic renal failure (CRF) was induced in rats by the 5/6 renal ablation/infarction (A/I) surgery; we investigated the efficacy and mechanisms of SSR on CKD in the current study. Male Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats were divided into the four groups: (1) sham operation group, (2) 5/6 (A/I) model group, (3) 5/6 (A/I) +SSR group, and (4) 5/6 (A/I) +Losartan group (5/6 (A/I) +Los). After 8 weeks of treatment, we evaluated renal blood flow (RBF) and oxygen consumption along with renal function, apoptosis, and renal fibrosis. Our results showed that SSR significantly improved RBF and reduced intrarenal oxygen consumpti...
Authors: Klug E, Raal FJ, Marais AD, Smuts CM, Schamroth C, Jankelow D, Blom DJ, Webb DA Abstract South Africa (SA) is home to a heterogeneous population with a wide range of cardiovascular risk factors. Cholesterol reduction in combination with aggressive management of modifiable risk factors, including nutrition, physical activity, blood pressure and smoking, can help to reduce and prevent morbidity and mortality in individuals who are at increased risk of cardiovascular events. This updated consensus guide to management of dyslipidaemia in SA is based on the updated European Society of Cardiology and European At...
Conclusion: Our findings provide evidence that a high prevalence of hyperuricemia occurs in hypertensive patients from central and east Europe. The data also show that gender-related differences in the association between SUA and cardionephrometabolic variables exist. This is also the case for the relationships between SUA and CKD.
ConclusionAfrican-Americans face many barriers to CKD self-care and preparation for ESRD. Improving outcomes requires clinicians to help patients understand the severity of their CKD, to make informed choices about their care, all the while motivating patients to take actions to prevent CKD progression.