Skin banking at a regional burns centre —The way forward
Publication date: Available online 13 April 2018 Source:Burns Author(s): Sunil Manohar Keswani, Mukesh Gopinath Mishra, Shilpa Karnik, Shruti Dutta, Mamata Mishra, Sangita Panda, Reshmi Varghese, Tanvi Virkar, Vaishna Upendran In India approximately 1 million people get burnt every year and most of them are from the lower or middle income strata. Therefore it is obligatory to find out an economic way of treatment for the affected populace. Since use of human skin allograft is the gold standard for the treatment of burn wound, in-house skin banking for a burn unit hospital is prerequisite to make the treatment procedure affordable. Although, there was one skin bank at India till 2009, but it was difficult for a single bank to cover the entire country’s need. Looking at the necessities, National Burns Centre (a tertiary burn care centre) along with Rotary International and Euro Skin Bank collaborated and developed an effective cadaveric skin banking model in Mumbai, Maharashtra in 2009. Initial two to three years were formation phase; by the year 2013 the entire system was organized and started running full fledged. The model has also been replicated in other states of India to accommodate the large burn population of the country. This paper therefore, gives a step by step account of how the bank evolved and its present status.
In this study, scar development and maturation were assessed in a porcine full-thickness burn model with immediate excision and split-thickness autograft coverage. Red Duroc pigs were treated with split-thickness autografts of varying thickness: 0.026in. (“thin”) or 0.058in. (“thick”). Additionally, the thin skin grafts were meshed and expanded at 1:1.5 or 1:4 to evaluate the role of skin expansion in scar formation. Overall, the burn-excise-autograft model resulted in thick, raised scars. Treatment with thick split-thickness skin grafts resulted in less contraction and reduced scarring as well as i...
Publication date: Available online 27 March 2018 Source:Burns Author(s): Takayuki Yamamoto, Hayato Iwase, Timothy W. King, Hidetaka Hara, David K.C. Cooper Half a million patients in the USA alone require treatment for burns annually. Following an extensive burn, it may not be possible to provide sufficient autografts in a single setting. Pig skin xenografts may provide temporary coverage. However, preformed xenoreactive antibodies in the human recipient activate complement, and thus result in rapid rejection of the graft. Because burn patients usually have some degree of immune dysfunction and are therefore at increased ...
Conclusion This is the first report investigating the long-term outcome of a newly developed BCSG. BCSGs demonstrated comparable results with patients’ autografts, functional outcomes on self-reported questionnaires and excellent psychological states. Precaution given the extensive unexpected hyperpigmentation must be taken and a randomized controlled study is underway.
AbstractReamed intramedullary (IM) screw fixation for proximal fifth metatarsal fractures is technically challenging with potentially devastating complications if basic principles are not followed. A case of an iatrogenic fourth-degree burn after elective reamed IM screw fixation of a proximal fifth metatarsal fracture in a high-level athlete is reported. The case was complicated by postoperative osteomyelitis with third-degree soft-tissue defect. This was successfully treated with staged autologous bone graft reconstruction, tendon reconstruction, and local bi-pedicle flap coverage. The patient returned to competitive-lev...
CONCLUSION: Both types of autologous biological KPro, OOKP and Tibial bone KPro, had statistically similar rate of keratoprosthesis extrusion. Although functional success rate was significantly higher in OOKP, it may have been influenced by a better visual potential in the patients in this group. PMID: 29501483 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Treating severe and extensive burn injuries is still considered a challenge despite significant advances in wound management, critical care, burn resuscitation and nutritional management in the past 40 years . Early massive excision of extensive and severe burn injuries along with prompt coverage to restore the barrier function of the skin have been reported to reduce mortality significantly [2 –4]. At the Singapore General Hospital (SGH) Burns Centre, the establishment of a skin allograft bank in 1998 enabled the practice of early massive excision of severe burn wounds where skin homografts are readily available.
Marjolin' s ulcer, an aggressive ulcerating squamous cell carcinoma, is a well-known phenomenon that occurs in chronically inflamed or scarred tissue; however, squamous cell carcinoma arising in the acute setting after tissue trauma - specifically autograft donor harvest sites for burns - is a rare, but notable event.
Condition: Ocular Burns Interventions: Procedure: EA and AMLK; Procedure: LA and AMLK Sponsor: Yingfeng Zheng Recruiting
ConclusionEquine pericardium offered an effective primary treatment in cases of non-infectious globe perforation and may be considered when other materials, e.g. amniotic membrane, corneal or scleral allografts, are not readily available. Further studies may further elucidate the safety and efficacy profile of this biomaterial in ophthalmic surgery.