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Sagittal abdominal diameter and Framingham risk score in non-dialysis chronic kidney disease patients

AbstractBackgroundChronic kidney disease (CKD) is very common now and is associated with high overall and cardiovascular mortality. Numerous studies have reported that abdominal obesity is a risk factor for cardiovascular mortality. We investigated the link between sagittal abdominal diameter (SAD) and Framingham risk score in non-dialysis CKD patients.MethodsIn a cross-sectional study, we enrolled 307 prevalent non-dialysis CKD patients (175 males, aged 50.7  ± 17.04 years). SAD and Framingham risk score were measured.ResultsFramingham cardiovascular disease risk score was independently predicted by SAD (P 
Source: International Urology and Nephrology - Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

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The objectives of this chapter were to: characterize select nutrition education resources for providers who care for patients with CKD/ESRD; summarize key dietary components emphasized in the care of patients with CKD/ESRD; and address practical considerations in educational efforts focused on nutrition and CKD/ESRD. PMID: 29455475 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Seminars in Dialysis - Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Tags: Semin Dial Source Type: research
The objectives of this chapter were to: characterize select nutrition education resources for providers who care for patients with CKD/ESRD; summarize key dietary components emphasized in the care of patients with CKD/ESRD; and address practical considerations in educational efforts focused on nutrition and CKD/ESRD.
Source: Seminars In Dialysis - Category: Hematology Authors: Tags: DIALYSIS EDUCATION: ISSUES, INNOVATIONS AND IMPACT Source Type: research
In this study, we have shown that the lipid chaperones FABP4/FABP5 are critical intermediate factors in the deterioration of metabolic systems during aging. Consistent with their roles in chronic inflammation and insulin resistance in young prediabetic mice, we found that FABPs promote the deterioration of glucose homeostasis; metabolic tissue pathologies, particularly in white and brown adipose tissue and liver; and local and systemic inflammation associated with aging. A systematic approach, including lipidomics and pathway-focused transcript analysis, revealed that calorie restriction (CR) and Fabp4/5 deficiency result ...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
Conclusions: Our findings suggest that arsenic exposure is not associated with obesity, and that urinary creatinine and osmolality may be colliders on the causal pathway from arsenic exposure to obesity, as common descendants of hydration and body composition. In studies of urinary biomarkers and obesity or obesity-related outcomes, alternative metrics such as urinary flow rate or analytic strategies such as covariate-adjusted standardization should be considered. https://doi.org/10.1289/EHP1202 Received: 07 October 2016 Revised: 21 March 2017 Accepted: 30 March 2017 Published: 28 August 2017 Address correspondence t...
Source: EHP Research - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: Research Source Type: research
Metabolic surgery offers the opportunity to durably address several obesity-related co-morbidities, many of which have complex interaction and deleterious end-organ effects [1]. The destructive potential of type 2 diabetes, for instance, on renal function in morbidly obese patients is well known and need not be summarized for this audience. Patients with impaired renal function are common in bariatric practices/programs and may present anywhere along the chronic kidney disease spectrum, even including dialysis-dependent patients seeking bariatric surgery as a potential bridge to renal transplant [2].
Source: Surgery for Obesity and Related Diseases - Category: Surgery Authors: Tags: Editorial comment Source Type: research
Chronic kidney disease in hypertensive subjects ≥60 years treated in Primary Care. Nefrologia. 2017 Jul - Aug;37(4):406-414 Authors: Salvador-González B, Mestre-Ferrer J, Soler-Vila M, Pascual-Benito L, Alonso-Bes E, Cunillera-Puértolas O, en representación del grupo de investigación del proyecto MARREC-HTA Abstract BACKGROUND: Hypertension (HT) is the second leading cause of kidney failure. In hypertensive patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD), blood pressure (BP) control is the most important intervention to minimise progression. For CKD diagnosis, standardised cre...
Source: Nefrologia : publicacion oficial de la Sociedad Espanola Nefrologia - Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Nefrologia Source Type: research
AbstractPurpose of the ReviewDiabetes mellitus is a major cause of kidney disease [chronic kidney disease (CKD) and end-stage renal disease (ESRD)] and are both characterized by an increased risk of cardiovascular events. Diabetes and kidney disease are also commonly associated with a chronic inflammatory state, which is now considered a non-traditional risk factor for atherosclerosis. In the case of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), inflammation is mainly a consequence of visceral obesity, while in the case of CKD or ESRD patients on dialysis, inflammation is caused by multiple factors, classically grouped as dialysis-rela...
Source: Current Diabetes Reports - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
Abstract Cadmium (Cd) is an environmental toxicant of widespread exposure and pervasive toxicity. Absorption, systemic transport and uptake of Cd are mediated by metal transporters that the body uses for acquisition of physiologically-essential elements, notably of iron, zinc and calcium. Currently, human exposure to Cd is known to damage the kidneys, especially the proximal tubular cells that actively reabsorb Cd along with zinc, glucose and amino acids in the glomerular filtrate. Severe kidney damage, glycosuria and proteinuria are known outcomes after high dietary Cd intake (> 200 µg/day). Dietary Cd i...
Source: The Tohoku Journal of Experimental Medicine - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Tohoku J Exp Med Source Type: research
We report a case of unilateral breast CPX with a protracted clinical course and superimposed diffuse dermal angiomatosis (DDA). These two unusual cutaneous vaso-occlusive conditions have rarely been reported simultaneously. We review the literature and discuss the relationship and predisposing factors between these two conditions. We believe our case suggests that DDA could be precipitated by CPX secondary to calcific vaso-occlusion.
Source: Human Pathology: Case Reports - Category: Pathology Source Type: research
Previous Prevention of CAD Prevention is classified into primordial, primary and secondary. Primordial prevention is community level intervention to reduce risk factors and mostly not under the purview of the individual physician. Primary prevention is by controlling the risk factors. Non modifiable risk factors for CAD Age, gender, race/ethnicity and genetic predisposition or family history are considered the non modifiable risk factors for CAD. Prevalence of CAD increases as age advances and it is definitely more common in males. A strongly positive family history of premature coronary artery disease increases the r...
Source: Cardiophile MD - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: Cardiology Source Type: blogs
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