The severity of neurocognitive impairment

(Bentham Science Publishers) Neurocognitive impairment is frequently encountered in multiple sclerosis patients affecting between 40-65 percent of these individuals, irrespective of disease duration, severity of physical disability, and at both the earlier and later disease stages, with a tendency to worsen over time.
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

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ConclusionsReported MS relapses after ICI are rare, but the adverse events described include rapid neurologic progression and death. Larger and prospective studies are warranted to assess disability and long-term outcomes and outweigh the risks of starting immunotherapy in patients with MS.
Source: Clinical and Translational Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Setwise comparison is an efficient, valid and reliable method for fine-grained rating of motor dysfunction that can be applied to larger datasets. It is substantially more efficient than pairwise comparison. Implications for rehabilitation Disability rating is crucial in clinical neurorehabilitation and in clinical trials. Humans are naturally inconsistent in rating items on ordinal scales leading to poor intra- and interrater reliability, insensitivity to subtle differences and coarse-grained ratings. Video-based setwise comparison is a new rating method enabling fine-grained, reliable and efficient ratings o...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation - Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Tags: Disabil Rehabil Source Type: research
Conditions:   Physical Therapy;   Upper Extremity Function;   Position Sense Interventions:   Other: Upper extremity function;   Other: Shoulder position sense Sponsor:   Ankara Yildirim Beyazıt University Completed
Source: ClinicalTrials.gov - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a chronic, disabling, immune-mediated, central nervous system demyelinating and degenerative disease. Approved disease modifying therapies may be incompletely effective in some patients with highly active relapsing disease and high risk of disability. Immunoablative or myeloablative therapy followed by autologous hematopoietic cell transplantation (AHCT) has been investigated in retrospective studies, clinical trials, and meta-analyses/systematic reviews as an approach to address this unmet clinical need.
Source: Biology of Blood and Marrow Transplantation - Category: Hematology Authors: Source Type: research
Conclusion: For future studies, these high ratio results can be used in regional and national comparisons to determine cofactors contributing to the high prevalence of MS in our region and can help health-decision makers to better plan healthcare policies to improve neurological services and awareness about multifaceted clinical presentations of MS. PMID: 30761870 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences - Category: General Medicine Tags: Turk J Med Sci Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 14 February 2019Source: Multiple Sclerosis and Related DisordersAuthor(s): Gabriella Santangelo, Manuela Altieri, Antonio Gallo, Luigi TrojanoAbstractBackground. Inconsistent evidence is available about the possibility that cognitive reserve (CR) moderates the impact of disease progression, evaluated by MRI biomarkers (lesion load, white matter or gray matter volumes) or clinical proxies of physical disability (i.e. the Expanded Disability Status Scale, EDSS) on cognition in Multiple Sclerosis (MS). A meta-analytic study with a meta-regression approach was performed to investigate the pos...
Source: Multiple Sclerosis and Related Disorders - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Objective To classify and immunologically characterize persons with MS based on brain lesions and atrophy and their associated microRNA profiles. Methods Cerebral T2-hyperintense lesion volume (T2LV) and brain parenchymal fraction (BPF) were quantified and used to define MRI phenotypes as follows: type I: low T2LV, low atrophy; type II: high T2LV, low atrophy; type III: low T2LV, high atrophy; type IV: high T2LV, high atrophy, in a large cross-sectional cohort (n = 1,088) and a subset with 5-year lngitudinal follow-up (n = 153). Serum miRNAs were assessed on a third MS cohort with 2-year MRI phenotype stability (n = 98). ...
Source: Neurology Neuroimmunology and Neuroinflammation - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: MRI, Multiple sclerosis Article Source Type: research
ConclusionUniform white matter subacute demyelination is associated with a diverse clinical course ranging from a monophasic illness to progressive MS, suggesting that extraneous factors distinct from the basic pathology significantly influence the clinical course in MS.
Source: Irish Journal of Medical Science - Category: General Medicine Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Fourteen percent of patients showed positive results for NMO-immunoglobulin G test and 50% of patients with NMOSD showed a severe visual loss in at least one eye or were unable to ambulate without assistance. The proportion of MS was relatively low in Korean ON patients. PMID: 30746915 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Korean Journal of Ophthalmology : KJO - Category: Opthalmology Tags: Korean J Ophthalmol Source Type: research
Conclusion: In a large prospective cohort study of depression in people with MS, we substantiated several potential determinants of a positive depression-screen and depression trajectory, particularly fatigue. Given that fatigue is the most common and most significant clinical symptom for people with MS, efforts to reduce fatigue may have follow-on benefits for reducing depression.
Source: Multiple Sclerosis and Related Disorders - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
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