Na+-Cl- cotransporter-mediated chloride uptake contributes to hypertension and renal damage in aldosterone-infused rats.

Na+-Cl- cotransporter-mediated chloride uptake contributes to hypertension and renal damage in aldosterone-infused rats. Am J Physiol Renal Physiol. 2018 Apr 04;: Authors: Yamauchi T, Doi S, Nakashima A, Doi T, Sohara E, Uchida S, Masaki T Abstract Recently, in addition to epithelial sodium channel alpha-subunit (αENaC), the thiazide-sensitive sodium-chloride cotransporter (NCC) and pendrin, also known as sodium-independent chloride/iodide transporter, were reported to be activated by aldosterone. Here, we investigated whether chloride (Cl-) is responsible for hypertension, inflammation, and renal damage in aldosterone-infused rats. Following left nephrectomy, 8-week-old male Sprague-Dawley rats were allocated into four groups: 1) drinking 1.0% sodium chloride solution with aldosterone infusion (Aldo/NaCl rats); 2) drinking 1.44% sodium bicarbonate solution with aldosterone infusion (Aldo/NaHCO3 rats); 3) drinking distilled water with aldosterone infusion (Aldo/water rats); and 4) drinking distilled water without aldosterone infusion (sham rats). Additionally, hemi-nephrectomized rats with aldosterone infusion were fed a 0.26% NaCl diet (control); 8.0% NaCl diet (high-Na/high-Cl); or a 4.0% NaCl 6.67% sodium citrate diet (high-Na/half-Cl). Last, Aldo/NaCl rats were treated with or without hydrochlorothiazide. Blood pressure in the Aldo/NaCl rats was significantly higher than in the Aldo/NaHCO3 rats, which was associated with the increased expressio...
Source: Am J Physiol Renal P... - Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Tags: Am J Physiol Renal Physiol Source Type: research

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A 29-year-old female was referred to the urology clinic because of an incidentally found left renal mass discovered during workup for secondary erythrocytosis. Since 12 years of age, she has had headaches and poorly controlled hypertension refractory to trimodal antihypertensive therapy. Laboratory workup revealed markedly elevated aldosterone and renin levels. Computed tomography demonstrated a 3 cm left renal mass. The patient was admitted for intravenous blood pressure control. After partial nephrectomy, aldosterone and renin levels normalized.
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