Medical News Today: What causes black gums?
The gums come in many natural colors, including red, pink, brown, and black. However, changes in gum color can indicate an underlying health problem. In this article, learn about what causes black gums, including smoking, gingivitis, Addison ’s disease, and amalgam tattoos. We also look at treatment and prevention.
Authors: Grassi G, Morelli V, Ceriotti F, Polledri E, Fustinoni S, D'Agostino S, Mantovani G, Chiodini I, Arosio M Abstract PURPOSE: The current cut-offs for the diagnosis of adrenal insufficiency (AI) have been established using outdated immunoassays. We compared the cortisol concentrations measured with Roche Cortisol I (R1), the newly available Roche Cortisol II (R2), and liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS), the gold standard procedure to measure steroids in patients undergoing the corticotropin (ACTH) test. METHODS: We enrolled 30 patients (age 47 ± 21 years) ...
Condition: Generalized Gingivitis Interventions: Drug: Super Oxide water; Drug: Chlorhexidine mouthwash; Other: Distilled water Sponsors: University of Baghdad; Specialized Arab Hospital Not yet recruiting
Conditions: Periodontal Diseases; Gingivitis; Hypertension Interventions: Behavioral: electric toothbrush; Procedure: Professional oral hygiene Sponsor: University of L'Aquila Not yet recruiting
Abstract: Probiotic therapy is a viable alternative to chlorhexidine, a widely used antiseptic in dentistry that produces significant adverse effects. This systematic review aimed to analyze the effects of probiotics on experimental gingivitis in humans. Two independent reviewers conducted a comprehensive literature search until March 2019. Randomized clinical trials and controlled clinical trials were selected. Outcome data were extracted and critically analyzed. A total of five articles were included in the qualitative synthesis. No meta-analysis could be conducted due to the heterogeneity of the selected studies. The us...
The nexus between periodontal inflammation and the polymicrobial biofilm in the gingival sulcus is critical to understanding the pathobiology of periodontitis. Both play a major role in the etiology and pathogenesis of periodontal diseases and each reinforces the other. However, this nexus is also at the center of a significant conundrum for periodontology. For all mucosal polymicrobial biofilms, the most confounding issue is the paradoxical relationship between inflammation, infection, and disease. Despite significant advances made in both periodontal microbiology and periodontal pathobiology, the issue of which comes fir...
L.A. wine shops pivot to curbside pickup, online meet-ups and lively phone recommendations to stay alive during the coronavirus shutdown.
Condition: Gingivitis Intervention: Procedure: Oral hygiene instruction and simple scaling Sponsor: The University of Hong Kong Not yet recruiting