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Expression of LOXs and MMP-1, 2, 3 by ACL Fibroblasts and Synoviocytes Impact of Coculture and TNF- α

This study aims to confirm the effects of synoviocytes (SCs) on regulating lysyl oxidases (LOXs) and matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-1, 2, 3 in the normal and injured anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) fibroblasts response to tumor necrosis factor-α(TNF-α). The gene and protein expression levels of LOXs and MMP-1, 2, 3 in SCs cocultured ACL fibroblasts (ACLfs) induced by TNF-α and mechanical injury were analyzed by real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and western bolting; the MMP-2 activity were analyzed by zymography. The results exhibited that TNF-α alone slightly downregulated the expressions of LOXs and upregulated the expression of MMP-1, 2, 3 in both normal and injured ACL fibroblasts. The decrease of LOXs and increase of MMP-1, 2, 3 in ACLfs response to TNF-α were further promoted by coculture. Taken together, these results show for the first time that the crosstalk between ACLfs and SCs could modulate the LOXs and MMP-1, 2, 3 synthesis in ACLfs in the presence of TNF-α. Accumulation of MMPs in the isolated fluid-containing space not only disrupts the balance of ACL healing, but also increases cartilage degradation and accelerates osteoarthritis (OA) in injured joint. Based on this mechanism, targeting inhibition of MMPs could provide a promising therapeutic strategy for acute ligament injury. [...] Thieme Medical Publishers 333 Seventh Avenue, New York, NY 10001, USA.Article in Thieme eJournals: Table of contents  | ...
Source: Journal of Knee Surgery - Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

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