Polyphenols Have No Impact on Endothelial Function in Patients with Obstructive Sleep Apnea: A Randomized Controlled Trial

ConclusionsIn participants with severe OSA and no overt cardiovascular disease, 1-mo GJP supplementation had no effect on endothelial function. This trial was registered at clinicaltrials.gov as NCT01977924.
Source: Journal of Nutrition - Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

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AbstractThe World Health Organization defines overweight and obesity as the condition where excess or abnormal fat accumulation increases risks to health. The prevalence of obesity is increasing worldwide and is around 20% in ICU patients. Adipose tissue is highly metabolically active, and especially visceral adipose tissue has a deleterious adipocyte secretory profile resulting in insulin resistance and a chronic low-grade inflammatory and procoagulant state. Obesity is strongly linked with chronic diseases such as type 2 diabetes, hypertension, cardiovascular diseases, dyslipidemia, non-alcoholic fatty liver disease, chr...
Source: Intensive Care Medicine - Category: Intensive Care Source Type: research
Authors: Zhang S, Zhang W, Zhou G Abstract Stroke causes disability and high mortality, while it can be prevented by increasing public awareness of risk factors. The common known risk factors are hypertension, atrial fibrillation, heart failure, smoking, alcohol consumption, low physical activity, overweight and hypercholesterolemia. However, the deep understanding of risk factors is limited. Moreover, more risk factor emerges in recent years. To further increase the awareness of risk factors for stroke prevention, this review indicates the reasonable application of antihypertensive agents according to the age-depe...
Source: Journal of the National Medical Association - Category: General Medicine Tags: J Natl Med Assoc Source Type: research
(American Geriatrics Society) A growing number of studies suggest that obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), or 'sleep-disordered breathing,' is associated with a higher risk for memory problems and for problems with thinking and making decisions. Treatment with continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP), a pressurized mask worn during sleep, eliminates obstructive sleep apnea. Now researchers in a new study examined whether using CPAP treatment had an effect on slowing cognitive decline.
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news
ConclusionsThe OSAS severity alone may not predict A β deposition in OSAS patients with normal cognition.
Source: Annals of Nuclear Medicine - Category: Nuclear Medicine Source Type: research
ConclusionIn patients with paroxysmal AF and obstructive sleep apnea, the signal-averaged positive P wave area is greater during certain respiratory events than during wakefulness. This finding may reflect the acute impact on right atrial volume of increased venous return associated with respiratory events and could be useful to assess AF risk in sleep apnea and to monitor response to treatment.
Source: Sleep and Breathing - Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research
AbstractObstructive Sleep apnea is a public health problem. This disease is associated with daytime sleepiness, increased motor vehicle accidents, heart failure and stroke. Treatment options include weight loss, positive airway pressure, pharyngeal and orthognatic surgery. However, selected patients have good response to oral appliances devices that intended to protrude and stabilize the mandible mechanically during the night in order to reduce the collapsibility of the upper airway. Selection of patients includes primary snoring, mild, moderate and positional apnea. The perfect mandibular advance device has not yet been d...
Source: Journal of Medical Systems - Category: Information Technology Source Type: research
ConclusionsAerobic capacity and peak exercise D[a-v]O2 are impaired in obese OSA patients, suggesting abnormal peripheral oxygen extraction. EAT thickness is an independent marker of post-exercise HRR, which is a noninvasive marker of autonomic nerve dysfunction accompanying poor cardiovascular prognosis in obese patients.
Source: Clinical Research in Cardiology - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
Authors: Liakakis G Abstract Subcortical small-vessel disease (SSVD) is a disorder that has been fully described in clinical, neuropathological and imaging aspects. It is considered as the most prevalent ischemic CNS disorder and has been associated to arterial hypertension, diabetes mellitus, dyslipidemia and obstructive sleep apnea. The hallmark of SSVD is the ischemic white matter lesions which can be presented as lacunar infracts and global brain hypoperfusion in a common and homogeneous subtype of vascular cognitive impairment (VCI) which is often unrecognized. The special nature and course of SSVD offers the ...
Source: Hellenic Journal of Nuclear Medicine - Category: Nuclear Medicine Tags: Hell J Nucl Med Source Type: research
Expansion sphincter pharyngoplasty could be a useful surgical option in certain patients with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), a retrospective study from South Korea hints.Reuters Health Information
Source: Medscape General Surgery Headlines - Category: Surgery Tags: Pulmonary Medicine News Source Type: news
This study provides a possible reason why genes carrying health risks have persisted in human populations. The second found evidence for multiple variants in genes related to ageing that exhibited antagonistic pleiotropic effects. They found higher risk allele frequencies with large effect sizes for late-onset diseases (relative to early-onset diseases) and an excess of variants with antagonistic effects expressed through early and late life diseases. There also exists other recent tangible evidence of antagonistic pleiotropy in specific human genes. The SPATA31 gene has been found under strong positive genomic sele...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
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