The additional role of 18F-FDG PET/CT in prosthetic valve endocarditis.

CONCLUSIONS: In different studies reported in the literature, 18F-FDG PET/CT proved to improve the diagnostic accuracy of the conventional modified DUKE criteria in patients with suspected IE, and in particular with PVE, giving the highest diagnostic performance and providing additional diagnostic benefits. Thus, the radioisotopic hybrid procedure should be included in the diagnostic protocol of PVE as complementary tool to modified DUKE criteria. Finally, the usefulness of 18F-FDG PET/CT in monitoring the response to antibiotic therapy, although the few data reported in the literature are encouraging, needs more numerous studies and with a major number of cases. PMID: 29630121 [PubMed - in process]
Source: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Tags: Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci Source Type: research

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;re D Abstract The combination of aortic and mitral regurgitation is a typical example of a frequent yet understudied multiple valve disease scenario. The aetiology is often rheumatic or degenerative; less frequently it can be induced by drugs or radiation, or caused by infective endocarditis or congenital valvular lesions. Aortic regurgitation resulting in secondary mitral regurgitation is also not uncommon. There are limited data to guide the management of combined aortic and mitral regurgitation. Left ventricular dysfunction is frequent at initial presentation, and even more so postoperatively, suggesting that ...
Source: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: Arch Cardiovasc Dis Source Type: research
Abstract Right-sided infective endocarditis (IE) represents 5-10% of IE. It may occur in patients with electronic intracardiac device, central venous catheter or congenital heart disease, but the most frequent situation is intravenous drug use. Prosthetic valve IE is the most severe form of IE. The diagnosis is more challenging than that of native valve IE, as is treatment, both antibiotic treatment and surgical indications. The infection of an electronic intracardiac device is a severe disease. Both diagnostic and therapeutic strategies are difficult. PMID: 31109767 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Presse Medicale - Category: General Medicine Authors: Tags: Presse Med Source Type: research
Abstract The annual incidence of infective endocarditis is estimated around 30 cases per million inhabitants in population-based studies performed in western countries. The incidence of infective endocarditis is markedly increased in patients with prosthetic heart valves and, particularly, in patients with prior infective endocarditis. The epidemiology of infective endocarditis has changed ; it occurs now in older patients and Staphylococcus has become the most frequent responsible microorganism. The pathophysiology of infective endocarditis results of complex interactions between circulating microorganisms, ...
Source: Presse Medicale - Category: General Medicine Authors: Tags: Presse Med Source Type: research
Cosmeri Rizzato1, Javier Torres2, Elena Kasamatsu3, Margarita Camorlinga-Ponce2, Maria Mercedes Bravo4, Federico Canzian5 and Ikuko Kato6* 1Department of Translation Research and of New Technologies in Medicine and Surgery, University of Pisa, Pisa, Italy 2Unidad de Investigación en Enfermedades Infecciosas, Unidades Médicas de Alta Especialidad Pediatría, Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social, Mexico City, Mexico 3Instituto de Investigaciones en Ciencias de la Salud, National University of Asunción, Asunción, Paraguay 4Grupo de Investigación en Biología del C&aacut...
Source: Frontiers in Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Five of eight scores that were evaluated in this study showed satisfactory performance in predicting in-hospital mortality following surgery for IE. The ANCLA score should be preferred. PMID: 31007096 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Scandinavian Cardiovascular Journal - Category: Cardiology Tags: Scand Cardiovasc J Source Type: research
Discussion Until now, the main tool used for bacterial identification based on NGS of the 16S–23S rRNA encoding region was de novo assembly followed by BLASTN on NCBI database (Sabat et al., 2017), however, there was no evidence that it would be the most accurate and/or fastest method available. The de novo assembly and BLASTN is the only approach of the three that works at the contig level, and both the OTU clustering and mapping are performed at the read level. Using the NCBI database for these two last approaches would have resulted in odd results, since the NCBI database includes sequences that do not belong to ...
Source: Frontiers in Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases - Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Source Type: research
Conclusions: The mortality rate and the risk of thromboembolic events and endocarditis were similar between BP and MP patients. The risk of bleeding was approximately one third lower for BP patients than for MP patients, while the risk of reoperations was more than three times higher for BP patients.Resumo Fundamento: A escolha de pr óteses mecânicas ou biológicas para pacientes com doença de válvula cardíaca ainda não é um consenso. Objetivo: Determinar os desfechos clínicos de próteses mecânicas e biológicas nesses pacientes. Métodos...
Source: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
CONCLUSION:: Proper antenatal care and early risk stratification are the fundamental measures to improve the maternal and foetal outcomes in a patient with a prosthetic heart valve. PMID: 30624139 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Perfusion - Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Authors: Tags: Perfusion Source Type: research
Authors: Wallenhorst P, Rutland J, Gurley J, Guglin M Abstract The use is reported of the AngioVac system to resolve a case of persistent bacteremia in the setting of MRSA tricuspid valve infective endocarditis. The infection was secondary to intravenous drug use in a patient who had failed multiple antibiotic regimens and was deemed a poor surgical candidate. PMID: 30560611 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Journal of Heart Valve Disease - Category: Cardiology Tags: J Heart Valve Dis Source Type: research
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