Anxiety Sensitivity and Suicide Risk Among Firefighters: A Test of the Depression-Distress Amplification Model

Firefighters represent an occupational group at increased suicide risk. How suicidality develops among firefighters is poorly understood. The depression-distress amplification model posits that the effects of depression symptoms on suicide risk will be intensified in the context of anxiety sensitivity (AS) cognitive concerns. The current study tested this model among firefighters.
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Authors: Source Type: research

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Background: Depression and anxiety are the most common comorbid psychiatric disorders in the elderly. Psychiatrists have been reporting worsened depression symptoms and prognosis by comorbid anxiety symptoms. However, it is still unclear how anxiety affects the course of depression in the elderly. The aims of this study are (1) to identify the symptom network in late-life depression (LLD), and (2) to examine the role of anxiety in LLD with a network perspective.Methods: The study analyzed 776 community-based participants who were clinically diagnosed with depression and enrolled in Suwon Geriatric Mental Health Center. Net...
Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
Patients presenting to an emergency room with complaints of suicidal thoughts may experience relief from these thoughts within 90 minutes of a single, low-dose infusion of ketamine, suggests asmall study inDepression&Anxiety.While previous studies have demonstrated the potential of ketamine to reduce suicidal thoughts in patients with depression (including this2017 paper published in theAmerican Journal of Psychiatry), this new study examined the effectiveness of a low-dose infusion administered in an emergency department. “A single infusion of ketamine, administered in the emergency department, is a safe and fea...
Source: Psychiatr News - Category: Psychiatry Tags: blood pressure depression dissociative effects emergency department ketamine suicide Yoav Domany Source Type: research
Psychiatric conditions are common among patients with advanced illness who are referred to palliative care services. Psychiatric illness can cause considerable distress to both patients and their families. In order to improve end-of-life care for patients, it is necessary to diagnose psychiatric conditions and treat them appropriately. This brief review considers cognitive impairment, delirium, dementia, depression, anxiety and suicidal ideation, outlining the prevalence, aetiology, diagnosis and management of these conditions.
Source: Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Authors: Tags: Physical problems Source Type: research
Conclusions: A more refined delineation of insomnia and suicide-related ideation may serve to clarify the nature of the association, and potentially offer some clues as to the underlying mechanisms. With regard to potential clinical implications, the results support that careful assessment of insomnia symptoms, suicide-related ideation, and their respective subtypes, is important and may influence how we estimate risk for suicide. PMID: 31738588 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Behavioral Sleep Medicine - Category: Sleep Medicine Authors: Tags: Behav Sleep Med Source Type: research
Conclusion: Heavy vehicle drivers perceive road suicides as an occupational risk in their profession. We discuss possible preventive measures against suicide attempts by crashing into a heavy vehicle. PMID: 31738579 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Tags: Traffic Inj Prev Source Type: research
Conclusions: Excluding wanted pregnancies moderately understates overall risk and strongly understates affective risk of mental health difficulties for women following abortion. Compared to corresponding births, abortions of wanted pregnancies are associated with a greater risk of negative psychological affect, particularly depression and suicide ideation, but not greater risk of substance abuse, than are abortions of unwanted pregnancies. Clinical, research, and policy implications are discussed briefly. PMID: 31731786 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Medicina (Kaunas) - Category: Universities & Medical Training Authors: Tags: Medicina (Kaunas) Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 14 November 2019Source: The Lancet PsychiatryAuthor(s): Deborah M Caldwell, Sarah R Davies, Sarah E Hetrick, Jennifer C Palmer, Paola Caro, José A López-López, David Gunnell, Judi Kidger, James Thomas, Clare French, Emily Stockings, Rona Campbell, Nicky J WeltonSummaryBackgroundRates of anxiety and depression are increasing among children and young people. Recent policies have focused on primary prevention of mental disorders in children and young people, with schools at the forefront of implementation. There is limited information for the comparative effectiveness of...
Source: The Lancet Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
Anxiety disorders in adolescence have been associated with several psychiatric outcomes. We sought to describe the prospective relationship between various levels of adolescent anxiety and psychiatric diagnose...
Source: BMC Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Authors: Tags: Research article Source Type: research
The presence of comorbid anxiety symptoms does not appear to predict the likelihood that older patients with major depressive disorder (MDD) will respond to the antidepressant venlafaxine, according to astudy inDepression&Anxiety.“[R]emission of depression was just as likely in more and less anxious participants,” Yasmina M. Saade, M.D., of Washington University in St. Louis and colleagues wrote.Previous studies show that older depressed adults with comorbid anxiety often have more severe depression symptoms and cognitive decline and are at greater risk of suicide compared with older depressed adults withou...
Source: Psychiatr News - Category: Psychiatry Tags: anxiety depression & IRL ‐GRey study MADRS MDD older adults suicide ideation Venlafaxine Yasmina M. Saade Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Co-occurring psychotic experiences indicate greater public mental health burden, suggesting psychotic experiences could be a marker for future preventive strategies improving public mental health. PMID: 31713511 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Psychological Medicine - Category: Psychiatry Authors: Tags: Psychol Med Source Type: research
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