Temperament and character profiles are associated with depression outcome in psychiatric secondary care patients with harmful drinking

Temperament and character profiles have been associated with depression outcome and alcohol abuse comorbidity in depressed patients. How harmful alcohol use modifies the effects of temperament and character on depression outcome is not well known. Knowledge of these associations could provide a method for enhancing more individualized treatment strategies for these patients.
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Authors: Source Type: research

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The objective of this study was to evaluate associations between marijuana use and the prevalence, severity, and rate of occurrence of tinnitus.Study designCross-sectional analysis of nationally representative data.SettingNational Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2011–2012.Subjects and methodsStatistical analysis was performed on data collected from 2705 non-institutionalized adults aged 20–69 who underwent audiometric testing and were administered questionnaires about hearing, drug use, current health status, and medical history.ResultsThe use of marijuana at least once per month for the previous 12 m...
Source: American Journal of Otolaryngology - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
Publication date: 2019Source: International Review of Neurobiology, Volume 148Author(s): Isabella R. Grifasi, William Andrew Evans, Annie D. Rexha, Lansana W. Sako, S. Alex MarshallAbstractAlcoholism is a highly visible and prevalent issue in the United States. Although binge-drinking is assumed to be a college-age problem, older adults (ages 65 +) consume binge amounts of alcohol and have alcohol use disorders (AUDs). Moreover, individuals with alcohol dependence in their youth often continue to drink as they age. As such, this study tested the hypothesis that the effects of alcohol on hippocampal microglia are exace...
Source: International Review of Neurobiology - Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research
Publication date: 2019Source: International Review of Neurobiology, Volume 148Author(s): Katherine M. Keyes, Kasim Allel, Ursula M. Staudinger, Katherine A. Ornstein, Esteban CalvoAbstractAlcohol consumption is increasing in many countries, and excessive alcohol consumption is particularly increasing among older adults. Excessive alcohol consumption causes morbidity and mortality, especially among older adults, including an increased risk of depressive episodes. We review the mechanisms through which alcohol consumption may affect depression, and argue that the effects of alcohol consumption on depressive episodes among ol...
Source: International Review of Neurobiology - Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research
Conclusions: Alcohol use was prevalent and under-reported among pregnant WLWH in South Africa and Uganda, similar to nonpregnant participants, and associated with depression. General health care and antenatal clinic settings present opportunities to provide integrated alcohol-based counseling and depression treatment.
Source: JAIDS Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes - Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: Clinical Science Source Type: research
Rates of co-occurring depression and alcohol use are higher among college students than in the general population. Further research is needed to illuminate how the mechanisms with which individuals process negative emotions may clarify the link between dep...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news
CONCLUSION: Anxious temperament decreased the AUD risk, whereas irritable manic symptoms increased the risk during depression. AUD in mood disorders may be an expression of manic psychopathology. PMID: 31698557 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Psychiatry Investigation - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatry Investig Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: Dyslipidemia patients with pre-existing depression had increased risk for CVD. Future studies that determine CVD risk after management of depression among dyslipidemia patients are needed. PMID: 31701694 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Diabetes and Metabolism Journal - Category: Endocrinology Tags: Diabetes Metab J Source Type: research
In young people, alcohol consumption and depressive symptoms are related, but the temporal ordering of the relationship is an open question. Previous studies have not disaggregated influences of interindividual and intraindividual components affecting the relationship. We investigated whether a reciprocal relationship between frequency of alcohol use and depressive symptoms exists in the general population of adolescents after removing interindividual influences.
Source: Journal of Adolescent Health - Category: Child Development Authors: Tags: Original article Source Type: research
ConclusionsA history of MST is common among older women veterans and associated with a range of medical and mental health diagnoses. These findings call attention to the need for additional research in this understudied population, and the importance of trauma-informed care approaches for women across the lifespan.
Source: Journal of General Internal Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Source Type: research
Lately, you’ve been feeling fatigued and frustrated. Emotionally and physically. You’re wondering where the heck your energy and motivation went. Work feels like one big slog. You feel like you can’t meet the demands and deadlines. In fact, you dread even walking through the office doors. When you do get home, all you want to do is sit on the couch and veg out. In other words, you’re likely burned out. And you’re certainly not alone. A 2018 Gallup study of 7,500 full-time employees found that 23 percent experienced burnout very often or always, and 44 percent experienced it sometimes. Accordin...
Source: World of Psychology - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tags: General Industrial and Workplace Mental Health and Wellness Self-Help Stress Burnout hustle overworked Productivity Workaholic Source Type: blogs
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