Identification of Lyme borreliae proteins promoting vertebrate host blood-specific spirochete survival in Ixodes scapularis nymphs using artificial feeding chambers

In this study, we used this chamber model and showed that I. scapularis ticks will not only acquire bovine blood but human and quail blood as well. The latter two are the incidental host and an avian host of Lyme borreliae, respectively. We also investigated the roles that BBA52 and Lp6.6 play in promoting spirochete survival in nymphal ticks fed on human or quail blood. After feeding on human blood, spirochete burdens in ticks infected with an lp6.6-deficient B. burgdorferi were significantly reduced, while bba52-deficient spirochete burdens in ticks remained unchanged, similar to the wild-type strain. No strain showed a change in spirochete burdens in ticks fed on quail blood. These results indicate that Lp6.6 plays a role for B. burgdorferi in nymphs fed on human but not quail blood. Such information also demonstrates that the artificial feeding chamber is a powerful tool to identify B. burgdorferi proteins that promote vertebrate host blood-specific spirochete survival in I. scapularis ticks.
Source: Ticks and Tick borne Diseases - Category: Zoology Source Type: research

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Source: Ticks and Tick borne Diseases - Category: Zoology Source Type: research
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We feel called upon not only to condemn acts of violence and inhumanity such as those we have recently witnessed in New Zealand and here in the United States, but also to urge our national leadership — political, corporate, religious, philanthropic, educational — to condemn appeals to violence and bigotry, in all their forms, wherever they appear.        
Source: The Commonwealth Fund: Blog - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Source Type: blogs
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In this study, bird species migrating through Bulgaria were investigated as carriers of zoonotic pathogens. In total, 706 birds belonging to 46 species were checked for the presence of various bacterial pathogens (Campylobacter, Yersin ia, Salmonella, Listeria, Escherichia coli, Staphylococcus aureus, Francisella tularensis, Coxiella burnetii, Borrelia burgdorferi, and Brucella spp.). From 673 birds we investigated fecal samples, from the remaining 33, blood samples. We detected Campylobacter 16S rDNA gene in 1.3% of birds, but no ne were of pathogenic Campylobacter jejuni and Campylobacter coli species. Escherichia coli 1...
Source: Canadian Journal of Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Authors: Source Type: research
In this study, we used this chamber model and showed that I. scapularis ticks will not only acquire bovine blood but human and quail blood as well. The latter two are the incidental host and an avian host of Lyme borreliae, respectively. We also investigated the roles that BBA52 and Lp6.6 play in promoting spirochete survival in nymphal ticks fed on human or quail blood. After feeding on human blood, spirochete burdens in ticks infected with an lp6.6-deficient B. burgdorferi were significantly reduced, while bba52-deficient spirochete burdens in ticks remained unchanged, similar to the wild-type strain. No strain showed a ...
Source: Ticks and Tick borne Diseases - Category: Zoology Source Type: research
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Source: Ticks and Tick borne Diseases - Category: Zoology Source Type: research
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Conclusion: Our study suggests that the tick, and not the pathogen, controls the early stages of host choice behaviour.
Source: Parasites and Vectors - Category: Microbiology Authors: Source Type: research
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