Effect of Nasogastric Tube on Aspiration Risk: Results from 147 Patients with Dysphagia and Literature Review

In conclusion, the risk of aspirating a small amount of fluid was not significantly different before and after NGT removal, regardless of swallowing function, cognitive level, or general functional level.
Source: Dysphagia - Category: Speech-Language Pathology Source Type: research

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Purpose The aim of the present study was to examine the effect of dehydration on exercise performance independently of thirst with subjects blinded of their hydration status. Methods Seven male cyclists (weight, 72 ± 9 kg; body fat, 14% ± 6%; peak oxygen uptake, 59.4 ± 6 mL·kg−1·min−1) exercised for 2 h on a cycle ergometer at 55% peak oxygen uptake, in a hot-dry environment (35°C, 30% relative humidity), with a nasogastric tube under euhydrated–non-thirst (EUH-NT) and dehydrated–non-thirst (DEH-NT) conditions. In both trials, thirst was matched by drinkin...
Source: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise - Category: Sports Medicine Tags: Applied Sciences Source Type: research
We report a 12-day-old male who was admitted with vomiting because of an unusual early complication of Marfan's syndrome (MS): a sliding hiatal hernia. Initial ultrasound showed no stomach at its normal position and the chest X-ray presented an intrathoracic gas bubble with the nasogastric tube inside. An upper gastrointestinal contrast study confirmed the complete herniation of the stomach into the thorax. Via an exploratory laparotomy it was carefully reintroduced into the abdomen, following a hiatal reconstruction. A Thal fundoplication and a gastrostomy were also performed to guarantee its fixation. Although characteri...
Source: European Journal of Pediatric Surgery Reports - Category: Surgery Authors: Tags: Case Report Source Type: research
ConclusionLaparoscopic adrenalectomy in patients with benign unilateral adrenal tumor without the use of peri-operative nasogastric tube decompression is safe and feasible.
Source: Journal of the Formosan Medical Association - Category: General Medicine Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 14 April 2018Source: The SurgeonAuthor(s): Julie Veziant, Daniel Leonard, Bruno Pereira, Karem Slim, P. Alfonsi, A. Andre, J. Atger, S. Auvray, J.P. Bongiovanni, M. Boumadani, G. Bozio, A. Brek, M.L. Catinois, G. Chambirer, S. Chokairi, X. Chopin Laly, E. Cotte, C. De la Fontaine, C. Denet, S. DileonAbstractBackgroundEnhanced recovery programs (ERP) improve post-operative outcomes in proportion to how fully they are implemented. Maintaining an optimal level of application of all the ER components is thus essential. Our aim was to assess the sustainability of ER surgical components 2 years...
Source: The Surgeon - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
ConclusionOur study suggested that the implementation of a procedural skill-specific digital platform effectively helps clerks to transfer laboratory-trained procedural skills into the clinical units. In comparison with the regular self-directed learning group, the peer-assisted learning characteristics of Facebook give additional benefits to the PAL group by enhancing their procedural skills.
Source: Journal of the Chinese Medical Association - Category: General Medicine Source Type: research
This study was conducted to determine predictors for CRE gut colonization in neonates who were hospital delivered and admitted in a neonatal intensive care unit (NICU).MethodsThree rectal swabs were collected from 300 hospital-delivered and NICU-admitted neonates (likely to stay for>3 days). The data collected for the possible risk factors for CRE gut colonization were namely mode of delivery, prolonged rupture of membrane>18 hours, period of gestation, birth weight, meconium-stained liquor, ventilation, intravenous catheter, nasogastric (NG) tube, NG feeding, breastfeeding, katori spoon feeding, top feeding, ...
Source: American Journal of Infection Control - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
ConclusionsOur assessment program was safe and effective for assessing swallowing function and for determining the appropriate diet plan.
Source: International Journal of Gerontology - Category: Geriatrics Source Type: research
Publication date: August 2018Source: The Veterinary Journal, Volume 238Author(s): K.E. Niinistö, M.O. Ruohoniemi, F. Freccero, M.R. RaekallioAbstractEnteropathy associated with sand accumulation in the large colon of horses has been reported worldwide. Intestinal sand accumulations are commonly treated medically, but randomised controlled clinical trials on horses are scarce. This prospective study evaluated the efficacy of an enterally administered combination of psyllium and magnesium sulphate (MgSO4) for the removal of large colonic sand accumulations in horses without clinical signs of acute colic. The two groups ...
Source: The Veterinary Journal - Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research
Conclusions/Implications for Practice: The results support that a multidisciplinary collaborative program has the potential to decrease the incidence of PR in neurological intensive care units. A standardized protocol and policies are essential for healthcare professionals to effectively use PR as well as to effectively improve the quality of care that is provided to intensive care patients.
Source: Journal of Nursing Research - Category: Nursing Tags: Original Article Source Type: research
This systematic review explores the frequency of complications associated with nasogastric tube (NGT) placement in patients with acute stroke. The unique condition of the dysphasic, immobile, confused immunosuppressed patient who has had an acute stroke hampers any consistent inference from other neurological or nonneurological condition in which NGT placement is used. Twelve studies including 921 patients fed by NGT in the acute phase (first 4 weeks) were included in the analysis. The overall quality of the included studies was good. The main limitation was the heterogeneity and small size of most studies. The occurrence ...
Source: Journal of Neuroscience Nursing - Category: Neuroscience Tags: Literature Review Source Type: research
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