Experts Warn of Emerging ‘Stimulant Epidemic’

Abuse of stimulants like methamphetamine, cocaine and even prescription drugs like Adderall and Ritalin is surging across the country, fed by cheap, potent and plentiful supplies.
Source: WebMD Health - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

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[Premium Times] The Nigerian government has hosted 16 Nigerians recently honoured by the United States President's Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR) for their contributions to the control of the HIV epidemic in Nigeria.
Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine - Category: African Health Source Type: news
Conclusions: The percentage of patients utilizing opioid prescriptions after ankle fracture surgery is much lower than expected, suggesting that routine prescriptions given after ankle fracture surgery and other smaller orthopaedic procedures are not likely to be contributing to the epidemic.
Source: Current Orthopaedic Practice - Category: Orthopaedics Tags: Original Research Source Type: research
Tens of millions of dollars will go toward helping the state abate an opioid epidemic that has killed thousands there.
Source: Washington Post: To Your Health - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Source Type: news
An Oklahoma judge on Monday approved a revised $85 million settlement with Teva Pharmaceutical Industries Ltd resolving claims by the state's attorney general that the drugmaker helped fuel the U.S. opioid epidemic.
Source: Reuters: Health - Category: Consumer Health News Tags: healthNews Source Type: news
AbstractUsing high-throughput sequencing of small interfering RNAs (siRNAs), virion-associated nucleic acid (VANA), and double stranded RNAs (dsRNAs), we have determined the complete genome sequences of Comorian isolates of two ipomoviruses, cassava brown streak virus (CBSV) and a divergent isolate of Ugandan cassava brown streak virus (UCBSV-KM) representing a new strain of this virus. While the large ORF of CBSV shares the highest nucleotide sequence identity (95.9%) with a Tanzanian isolate of CBSV, the large UCBSV-KM ORF shares the highest nucleotide sequence identity (77.5%) with a Malawian isolate of UCBSV. This low ...
Source: Archives of Virology - Category: Virology Source Type: research
The University of Pittsburgh's Division of General Internal Medicine has received a $5.8 million grant from the National Institutes of Health to conduct opioid research in Appalachia, the school announced Monday morning. Dr. Jane Liebschutz will establish the Appalachian Node of the National Institute on Drug Abuse Clinical Trials Network to facilitate research in the region, which has been badly affected by the opioid epidemic. "Historical and cultural factors have caused Appalachia to experience…
Source: Health Care:Biotechnology headlines - Category: Biotechnology Authors: Source Type: news
This study explored t...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news
(Boston Children's Hospital) A study by scientists at Boston Children's Hospital and Brigham and Women's Hospital, published today in Nature Medicine, makes a strong case that the national epidemic of food allergy is caused by the absence of certain beneficial bacteria in the human gut. 'The loss of these bacteria acts as a switch that makes children susceptible to food allergy,' says Talal Chatila, MD, director of the Food Allergy Program at Boston Children's and a senior author on the paper.
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news
In this study, among a total of 3,531 trapped rodents dominated byApodemus agrarius (59.7%), 330Leptospira strains were successfully isolated from six different sites in Jiangxi between 2002 and 2015. Adding 71 local strains from humans, various kinds of livestock and wild animals in Jiangxi, a total of 401 epidemic strains were characterized using 16S rRNA gene senquencing, multilocus sequence typing (MLST) and the microscopic agglutination test (MAT). Among them, the most prevalent serogroup was Icterohaemorrhagiae (61.10%), followed by Javanica (19.20%) and Australis (9.73%); the remaining five serogroups, Canicola, Aut...
Source: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases - Category: Tropical Medicine Authors: Source Type: research
by Anthony Hauser, Katharina Kusejko, Leigh F. Johnson, Gilles Wandeler, Julien Riou, Fardo Goldstein, Matthias Egger, Roger D. Kouyos The scale-up of antiretroviral therapy (ART) in South Africa substantially reduced AIDS-related deaths and new HIV infections. However, its success is threatened by the emergence of resistance to non-nucleoside reverse-transcriptase inhibitors (NNRTI). The MARISA (Modelling Antiretroviral drug Res istance In South Africa) model presented here aims at investigating the time trends and factors driving NNRTI resistance in South Africa. MARISA is a compartmental model that includes the key asp...
Source: PLoS Computational Biology - Category: Biology Authors: Source Type: research
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