From mechanical to chemical: a case of diabetes insipidus induced by concussive brain injury - Shahid MH, Verma A, Youngblood L.

Diabetes Insipidus is a rare disorder of water-electrolyte balance which is characterized by either absolute (central) or functional (nephrogenic) deficiency of vasopressin or antidiuretic hormone (ADH) [1]. Central diabetes insipidus (CDI) is a recogni...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news

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Abstract BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the reproducibility and construct validity of the Madras Diabetes Research Foundation FFQ (MDRF-FFQ) with biomarkers for its use in epidemiological settings in India. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: The MDRF-FFQ was administered to 500 participants representing rural and urban areas of 10 Indian states, twice at an interval of 12 months. Reproducibility was assessed using intra cluster correlation coefficients (ICC). Construct validity of carbohydrate and fat intake was assessed using baseline serum lipids by regression analysis. RESULTS: Reproducibility as measu...
Source: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition - Category: Nutrition Authors: Tags: Asia Pac J Clin Nutr Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: MVLTPA and enough frequency of milk intake synergistically decreased the risk of pathoglycemia. A future interventional study including both factors should be performed. PMID: 32229458 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition - Category: Nutrition Authors: Tags: Asia Pac J Clin Nutr Source Type: research
This study aimed to evaluate the association between both LBW and intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) with IGT in adolescents. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: Total of 536 subjects from Tanjungsari Cohort Study were included in this study. Subjects were in their early adolescence age (12-14 years). Anthropometric data were collected and IGT was determined by using 2- hour postprandial plasma glucose level, then it was assessed based on their birth weight and intrauterine nutritional status. RESULTS: Subjects with LBW history were shorter, had lower body weight and body mass index (p
Source: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition - Category: Nutrition Authors: Tags: Asia Pac J Clin Nutr Source Type: research
Abstract BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The aims of this study is to explore the acute effect of consuming dinner at different timing on postprandial glucose and hormone in patients with type 2 diabetes. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: Eight patients (age 70.8±1.9 years, HbA1c 7.6±0.6 %, BMI 23.3±3.2, mean±SD) were randomly assigned in this crossover study. Patients consumed the test meals of dinner at 18:00 on the first day, and dinner at 21:00 or divided dinner (vegetable and rice at 18:00 and vegetable and the main dish at 21:00) on the second or third day. Postprandial glucose, insulin, ...
Source: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition - Category: Nutrition Authors: Tags: Asia Pac J Clin Nutr Source Type: research
Purpose: Suicide is a complex phenomenon that needs to be studied with a variety of approaches. The purpose of this study is to explore the lived experience of attempted suicide with the phenomenology approach.Method: An interpretive phenomen...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news
The primary aim of this study was to examine predictors of Return to Productive Roles (RTPR) in individuals with ABI following participation in a community-based RTPR intervention. One hundred and thirty participants were inducted to an ABI-specific RTPR p...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news
Genital injury has a forensic relevance after a sexual assault and it has been discussed and investigated among professionals who work in this field. To analyze the studies published in the last decades, the present review examines different factors that m...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news
Publication date: Available online 21 June 2019Source: Personalized Medicine UniverseAuthor(s): Kasumi Satoh, Tomoki Furuya, Manabu Okuyama, Hajime NakaeAbstractA 40-year-old man was admitted to the hospital with multiple injuries, including head injury and his laboratory results were significant for sodium abnormalities. Initially, hypernatremia was from increased sodium intake. Subsequently, hyponatremia developed that was unresponsive to sodium supplementation. Syndrome of inappropriate antidiuretic hormone secretion or cerebral salt wasting syndrome was suspected. Additional tests suggested post-traumatic hypopituitari...
Source: Personalized Medicine Universe - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
ConclusionFuture research should focus more on experimental and clinical studies to elucidate the exact mechanisms behind post-traumatic pituitary damage. The use of preventive medical measures to limit possible damage in the pituitary gland and hypothalamic pituitary axis in order to maintain or re-establish near normal physiologic functions are crucial to minimize the effects of TBI.
Source: Pituitary - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
Carbon monoxide poisoning is common and carries significant morbidity and mortality. The nervous system, particularly the brain, is frequently affected by it, owing to its high metabolic activity and oxygen requirements. Carbon monoxide damages the nervous...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news
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