Genotypic characterization of Haemophilus influenzae isolates from paediatric patients in Japan.

CONCLUSION: Non-typeable H. influenzae (NTHi), mostly derived from pneumonia and AOM, were genetically diverse, in contrast to the predominance of H. influenzae type b (Hib) among meningitis cases. The associations between certain STs and β-lactam resistance among NTHi were confirmed. PMID: 29595417 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Journal of Medical Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Authors: Tags: J Med Microbiol Source Type: research

Related Links:

Abstract We previously found that daidzein decreased food intake in female rats. To understand the mechanism of anorectic action of dietary daidzein, it is necessary to determine distributions of daidzein and S-equol, a metabolite of intestinal bacterial conversion from daidzein, in the body. In the present study, we measured the concentrations of daidzein and S-equol in serum and bile in sham-operated and ovariectomized female rats fed a diet containing 150 mg/kg daidzein for 7 days. Dietary daidzein increased serum and bile concentrations of S-equol to far higher levels than those of daidzein. S-equol concentrat...
Source: Biomed Res - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Biomed Res Source Type: research
In this study, we developed an ulnar-musculocutaneous nerve-transfer model wherein the biceps muscle of a mouse was re-innervated using a donor ulnar nerve. Similar muscle action potentials were detected in both the end-to-end suture of the transected nerve (correctrepair) group and the ulnar-musculocutaneous nerve-transfer group. Also, re-innervated acetylcholine receptor (AChR) clusters and muscle spindles were observed in both procedures. There were fewer re-innervated AChR clusters in the nerve transfer group than in the correct repair group at 4 weeks, but the numbers were equal at 24 weeks following surgery. Thus, ou...
Source: Biomed Res - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Biomed Res Source Type: research
Abstract Unilateral training of both lateral limbs increases unilateral muscle strength, whereas bilateral training increases bilateral muscle strength, a phenomenon known as lateral specificity in resistance training. Although motor imagery (MI) combined with action observation (AO) (i.e., MI + AO) training increases muscle strength, it is not completely understood whether such training increases the lateral specificity of muscle strength in a way resistance training does. To investigate whether MI + AO induces lateral specificity of muscle strength increase, 18 healthy subjects were divided into groups: MI + AO ...
Source: Biomed Res - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Biomed Res Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 4 December 2019Source: Joint Bone SpineAuthor(s): Chang-Fu Kuo, Patricia B. Burns, Jung-Sheng Chen, Lu Wang, Kevin C. ChungAbstractObjective: The purpose of the study is to investigate the risk of preventable hospitalization among patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA).Methods: We identified 11,852 incident RA patients and 59,260 age-, sex-, and index year-matched controls from the Taiwan National Health Insurance Database. Index date was the RA diagnosis date for cases, which was assigned to their matched controls. The odds ratios (OR) of preventable hospitalizations between RA patients...
Source: Joint Bone Spine - Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research
ConclusionsA high prevalence of antibiotic use was observed in the 18 Brazilian hospitals. The antibiotics were prescribed mainly empirically. Intravenous broad-spectrum antibiotics were the most frequent antimicrobials used, showing that reinforcement of de-escalation strategy is needed. The Global-PPS data can be very useful for monitoring stewardship programmes and intervention.
Source: Journal of Hospital Infection - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
Authors: Shimoyama H, Kuwano Y, Sei Y Abstract Many clinicians prefer to treat onychomycosis systemically. However, systemic therapy may not be suitable for all onychomycosis patients due to drug interactions, side effects of oral medications, or comorbidities. Two topical agents (efinaconazole 10% in 2014 and luliconazole 5% in 2016) have recently been approved for treatment of onychomycosis in Japan. We investigated the efficacy of these topical agents at Teikyo University Mizonokuchi Hospital, Kanagawa, Japan. We conducted a retrospective survey among patients diagnosed with onychomycosis at our outpatient clini...
Source: Medical Mycology Journal - Category: Biology Tags: Med Mycol J Source Type: research
ConclusionsAny difference in price between PHiD-CV and PCV13 is expected to be the key driver of vaccine choice for preventing childhood pneumococcal disease in Turkey. At price parity, PHiD-CV use is likely to be a dominant strategy over the use of PCV13.
Source: Value in Health Regional Issues - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: The results from this study suggest that our NTHi AOM coinfection model is useful for assessing protein vaccines. PMID: 30136923 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Journal of Medical Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Authors: Tags: J Med Microbiol Source Type: research
Authors: K L Ç H, Akyol S, Parkan ÕM, Dinç G, Sav H, Aydemir G Abstract Haemophilus influenzae can cause invasive and severe infections in both adults and children such as otitis media, sinusitis, pneumonia, meningitis and bacteremia. The emerging antibiotic resistance in recent years against ampicillin and several other antibiotics among strains of H. influenzae gives cause for serious concern. Here, we investigate ß-lactamase (BL) activity in clinical isolates of H. influenzae, profile their resistance to antibiotics, and characterize the clonal relationship of the isolates. Antibiotic ...
Source: Infezioni in Medicina - Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: Infez Med Source Type: research
Abstract Brazil introduced the 10-valent pneumococcal non-typeable Haemophilus influenzae protein D conjugate vaccine (PHiD-CV, Synflorix™, GSK Vaccines) in the routine childhood immunization program in 2010 with a 3+1 schedule (with catch-up for children
Source: Vaccine - Category: Allergy & Immunology Authors: Tags: Vaccine Source Type: research
More News: Databases & Libraries | Genetics | Haemophilus Influenzae (Hib) | Japan Health | Men | Meningitis | Microbiology | Otitis | Otitis Media | Pediatrics | Pneumonia | Respiratory Medicine | Study