Extremely Delayed Diagnosis of Type II Hereditary Angioedema: Case Report and Review of the Literature.

We present a case with extremely late diagnosis of type II hereditary angioedema (HAE). Given recent advances in HAE treatment, we want to bring physician awareness to this condition and aid in earlier detection. HAE is a disorder associated with episodes of angioedema of the face, larynx, lips, abdomen, or extremities. Late diagnosis of HAE can lead to significant morbidity and is severely impairing due to recurring attacks. The diagnosis of HAE is ordinarily made during childhood and adolescence. Delayed diagnoses in early and middle adulthood have been documented in the literature. Gastrointestinal symptoms are common features of HAE and can be misdiagnosed as disease of primary gastrointestinal pathology, such as irritable bowel syndrome, recurrent pancreatitis, or appendicitis. These attacks are characterized by recurrent attacks of subcutaneous and submucosal edema without the presence of urticaria. We present a case of an elderly veteran whose diagnoses was extremely delayed into the eighth decade of life subsequent to unexplained abdominal symptoms. After diagnosis, the patient's symptoms were well controlled with medication due to advances in HAE treatment. To prevent further atypically delayed diagnoses, physicians should consider HAE in patients with recurrent attacks of unexplained abdominal pain. PMID: 29590444 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Military Medicine - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Mil Med Source Type: research

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