Tropical Travel Trouble 006 Watery Diarrhoea
LITFL • Life in the Fast Lane Medical Blog LITFL • Life in the Fast Lane Medical Blog - Emergency medicine and critical care medical education blog aka Tropical Travel Trouble 006 Our medical student who caught shigella on a Nepalese elective has a thirst for adventure. They plan to help at a Bangladesh refugee camp but the latest CDC report states there have been some cases of cholera. They’ve done a little bit of reading and want your help to teach them all about cholera and how they may prepare and best serve their new community. Questions: Q1. What is cholera and how is it transmitted? Answer and interpretation expand(document.getElementById('ddet1570906629'));expand(document.getElementById('ddetlink1570906629')) Cholera is a gram-negative comma-shaped bacillus. Sero groups 01 and 0139 cause clinical disease. Humans are the only animal host. Arguably it is present in some shellfish and plankton but the main transmission is contaminated food/water from infected faeces. John Snow from epidemiological fame (not Game of Thrones) challenged the theory that cholera was in the air and due to “miasma“, he thought it was a contaminant in water. When cholera returned to London in 1853, Snow recognised an ideal opportunity to test his hypothesis by comparing cholera mortality rates in populations of south London supplied by water drawn from sewage-contaminated versus uncontaminated regions of the Thames. On 30 August 1854 while involved in the...
Fruits and vegetables are foods that come into contact with various types of microorganisms from planting to their consumption. A lack or poor sanitation of these products after harvest can cause high losses due to deterioration and/ or pathogenic microorganisms. There are practically no post-harvest fungicides or bactericides with a broad spectrum of action that have no toxic residual effects and are safe. However, to minimize such problems, the use of sanitizers is an efficient device against these microorganisms. Chlorine is the most prevalent sanitizing agent because of its broad spectrum, low cost and well-established...
Conclusion: It can be concluded that the concentration of κ-carrageenan and starch strongly influenced the rheological and textural properties of dairy desserts, whereas the inulin content had little effect on these attributes.
Conclusion: The results of this study indicate that brown rice has nutrient content and bioactive components that allegedly contribute to higher obesity intervention than white rice.
Conclusion: This study shows an inverse relationship between serum 25(OH) D level and the severity of CAD. Our data show that vitamin D plays an important role in preventing CAD. These findings could help design prospective studies and clinical trials on a wider scale to investigate the effects of vitamin D interventions in preventing the development of CAD.
Conclusion: Microwave-assisted extraction was the best method for the preparation of date syrup with an optimal recovery of total sugar content. However, ultrasound-assisted extraction was the best one for the preparation of date syrup with high content of reducing sugars.
Conclusion: Results from studies on various antioxidant activities such as DPPH scavenging, reducing capability and inhibition of lipid peroxidation indicate that the R. alceifolius fruit possesses antioxidant activities and its consumption may help in reducing the oxidative stress and preventing the various degenerative diseases associated with it.
Conclusion: Both essential oils rich to polyacetylenes and polythiophenes.components have shown interesting biological activities, which suggests that plants have the potential to be used as biopesticides and provide an alternative to chemical pesticides.
Conclusion: We concluded that this clarified cashew apple juice has a high antioxidant compound content, and it is a functional food.
To what extent does male alcohol consumption impact a couple's time to pregnancy?Human Reproduction
As coronavirus cases surge across the US, doctors and nurses are telling CNN there's still a dire shortage of protective equipment, especially masks. Critics say the Trump administration isn't properly using a law that could help alleviate the shortage. CNN's Drew Griffin reports
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