Association of hemoglobin glycation index with outcomes of acute ischemic stroke in type 2 diabetic patients.

This study aimed to investigate the association between the hemoglobin glycation index (HGI) and the prognosis of diabetic patients with ischemic stroke. Methods Data were derived from the Abnormal Glucose Regulation in Patients with Acute Stroke across China (ACROSS-China) registry. Diabetic patients with ischemic stroke were included. HGI was calculated by subtracting the predicted HbA1c based on fasting plasma glucose from the observed HbA1c, and then classified into three groups by the tertiles: low HGI (
Source: Neurological Research - Category: Neurology Tags: Neurol Res Source Type: research

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In this study, the clinical significance of serum RAGE levels in acute ischemic stroke patients with type 2 diabetes was determined.MethodThree hundred seven patients (165 patients without diabetes and 142 patients with diabetes) with acute cerebral infarction (ACI) were enrolled over 3 consecutive months. On admission, their National Institute of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) scores were recorded. The clinical laboratory data of all subjects were collected, and their serum levels of RAGE were assayed using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). On admission and 3 months after stroke, the clinical outcomes were assessed ...
Source: Irish Journal of Medical Science - Category: General Medicine Source Type: research
In conclusion, it remains unclear if brain-specific regional and temporal changes occur in the expression of the different APP variants during AD progression. Since APP is also found in blood cells, assessing the changes in APP mRNA expression in peripheral blood cells from AD patients has been considering an alternative. However, again the quantification of APP mRNA in peripheral blood cells has generated controversial results. Brain APP protein has been analyzed in only a few studies, probably as it is difficult to interpret the complex pattern of APP variants and fragments. We previously characterized the soluabl...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
This study explored heterogeneous treatment effects (HTEs) of the real-world use of dipeptidyl peptidase-4 inhibitors (DPP-4i) versus sulfonylureas (SU) on cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) and mortality in type 2 diabetes. Utilizing Taiwan's National Health Insurance Research Database, 19,853 propensity score-matched pairs of DPP-4i and SU stable users were identified. Classification and regression tree analyses and Cox models were applied to explore HTEs, according to various patient characteristics, on the composite CVDs, three-point major adverse cardiovascular event (MACE), and all-cause mortality. The absolute risk diff...
Source: Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Tags: Clin Pharmacol Ther Source Type: research
This study is the first to provide a direct link between this inflammation and plaque development - by way of IFITM3. Scientists know that the production of IFITM3 starts in response to activation of the immune system by invading viruses and bacteria. These observations, combined with the new findings that IFITM3 directly contributes to plaque formation, suggest that viral and bacterial infections could increase the risk of Alzheimer's disease development. Indeed, researchers found that the level of IFITM3 in human brain samples correlated with levels of certain viral infections as well as with gamma-secretase activ...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
Abstract We investigated whether type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), a risk factor of stroke, affects the level of scavenger receptor CD36 and the uptake of its ligand, oxidized LDL (oxLDL); and whether pioglitazone, a drug that enhances CD36, promotes oxLDL uptake. Compared to normoglycemic db/+ mice, adult db/db mice showed a pronounced reduction in surface CD36 expression on myeloid cells from the blood, brain, and bone marrow as detected by flow cytometry, which correlated with elevated plasma soluble-CD36 as determined by ELISA. Increased CD36 expression was found in brain macrophages and microglia of both genot...
Source: Experimental Neurology - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Exp Neurol Source Type: research
The objective of this study was to conduct a systematic review and dose-response meta-analysis of physical activity and mortality in people with selected non-communicable diseases (NCDs). We aimed to define the dose-response relationship between post-diagnosis physical activity and mortality rates for nine NCDs with a high global burden of disease, including low back pain, type 2 diabetes (T2D), osteoarthritis, depressive disorder, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), breast cancer, lung cancer, stroke, and ischemic heart disease (IHD). In total, 28 studies were included in the meta-analysis: 12 for breast ...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Daily News Source Type: blogs
In conclusion, using a large cohort with rich health and DNA methylation data, we provide the first comparison of six major epigenetic measures of biological ageing with respect to their associations with leading causes of mortality and disease burden. DNAm GrimAge outperformed the other measures in its associations with disease data and associated clinical traits. This may suggest that predicting mortality, rather than age or homeostatic characteristics, may be more informative for common disease prediction. Thus, proteomic-based methods (as utilised by DNAm GrimAge) using large, physiologically diverse protein sets for p...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
Abstract: Atherosclerosis (AS) is the most common and serious complication in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Recent studies have emphasized that inflammation is the main cause of atherosclerosis. Studies have shown that carcinoembryonic antigen-related cellular adhesion molecule 1 (CEACAM1) regulates the expression of matrix metallopeptidase 9 (MMP-9) after ischemic stroke to reduce inflammation. The aim of this study was to elucidate potential molecular mechanism of CEACAM1 on the inflammatory response in atherosclerosis. The serum levels of CEACAM1, MMP-9, and tissue inhibitors of metalloproteinase 1 (TIMP-1) in T2DM...
Source: Journal of Cardiovascular Pharmacology - Category: Cardiology Tags: Original Article Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: T2DM-MSC-Exo treatment for stroke in T2DM rats promotes neurorestorative effects and improves functional outcome. Down regulation of miR-9 expression and increasing its target ABCA1 pathway may contribute partially to T2DM-MSC-Exo treatment induced white matter remodeling and anti-inflammatory responses. PMID: 32889008 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Experimental Neurology - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Exp Neurol Source Type: research
This study aimed to determine the impact of iron chelation with deferoxamine (DFX) on (1) cerebral vascularization patterns and (2) functional outcomes after stroke in control and diabetic rats. After 8  weeks of type 2 diabetes induced by a combination of high-fat diet and low-dose streptozotocin, male control and diabetic animals were subjected to thromboembolic middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) and randomized to vehicle, DFX, or tPA/DFX and followed for 14 days with behavioral tests. Vas cular indices (vascular volume and surface area), neurovascular remodeling (AQP4 polarity), and microglia activation w...
Source: Translational Stroke Research - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
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