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Ethiopia:More Concern for Kidney Disease Prevention

[Ethiopian Herald] Chronic, Non Communicable Diseases (NCDs), particularly cardiovascular, hypertension, diabetes mellitus and Chronic Kidney Diseases (CKD) have now replaced the communicable diseases and become the leading public health threat and economic cost worldwide, consuming 80 percent of many health care budgets, as sources indicate.
Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine - Category: African Health Source Type: news

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ConclusionsMetS may help identify individuals with metabolic profiles that confer incremental risks for multiple diseases. Additionally, several components of the syndrome should be considered by clinicians, as they show stronger associations with specific diseases than MetS.
Source: Endocrine - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
Majid A Almadi, Othman Alharbi, Nahla Azzam, Mohannad Altayeb, Salem Thaniah, Abdulrahman AljebreenSaudi Journal of Gastroenterology 2018 24(2):93-99 Background/Aims: Optimal bowel preparation is essential for a complete high-quality colonoscopy. We sought to determine whether an inpatient, as opposed to an ambulatory setting, would affect the quality of bowel preparation. Patients and Methods: A retrospective chart review was conducted in a tertiary care university hospital. We collected demographic data from consecutive patients who underwent a colonoscopy for any reason between August 2007 and April 2012. Results: ...
Source: The Saudi Journal of Gastroenterology - Category: Gastroenterology Authors: Source Type: research
Abstract Trace elements can influence glucose metabolism and be related to oxidative stress in type 2 diabetes mellitus. Moreover, trace elements play important roles in the nephrotic complications of these patients. Nevertheless, few investigations have been made into the changes in the levels of trace elements in diabetic patients at various stages of chronic kidney disease (CKD). The aims of this present study were to determine the levels of some important trace elements in diabetic patients during the early stages of CKD and to identify the relationship between these elements and CKD progression in type 2 diab...
Source: Biological Trace Element Research - Category: Biology Authors: Tags: Biol Trace Elem Res Source Type: research
ConclusionThe prevalence of KD in DM among productive age Indonesian was 4% and only 0.6% had been diagnosed. Early detection of identification of KD in DM is needed in order to slow progression and complications. The dominant associated risk factors of KD in DM were age, sex, economic status, sugary food/drinks, and low HDL. Controlling of risk factors in DM should be done in order to prevent diabetic kidney disease.
Source: Journal of Diabetes and Metabolic Disorders - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
In conclusion, the ADVANCIS score is a novel, simple, robust tool for predicting the risk of incident AKI after PCI for ACS, and it can aid in risk stratification to monitor patient care. PMID: 29559842 [PubMed - in process]
Source: International Journal of Medical Sciences - Category: Biomedical Science Tags: Int J Med Sci Source Type: research
Publication date: March 2018 Source:Advances in Chronic Kidney Disease, Volume 25, Issue 2 Author(s): Vikram Patney, Kunal Chaudhary, Adam Whaley-Connell The global incidence and prevalence of diabetes continues to expand due primarily to the influences of obesity and the contribution of obesity to the progression of type 2 diabetes mellitus. The rising prevalence of type 2 diabetes has driven an increase in rates of CKD in the past 3 decades in the United States. In turn, so have the rates for complications related to type 2 diabetes including CKD, eg, diabetic kidney disease (DKD). Although incident rates for DKD have s...
Source: Advances in Chronic Kidney Disease - Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research
AbstractThe 2017 American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association hypertension guidelines diagnose hypertension if systolic blood pressure (SBP) is  ≥ 130 mmHg or diastolic blood pressure (DBP) is ≥ 80 mmHg. Increased BP is SBP 120–129 mmHg with DBP 
Source: Drugs - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
ConclusionsOur study indicated a wide distribution of diabetes throughout the inpatients in a tertiary hospital in southwest China. This EMR‐based database of diabetes could be potentially useful in further investigations.
Source: Journal of Evidence-Based Medicine - Category: General Medicine Authors: Tags: ARTICLE Source Type: research
Abstract Intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) is linked to increased risk for chronic disease. Placental ischemia and insufficiency in the mother are implicated in predisposing IUGR offspring to metabolic dysfunction, including hypertension, insulin resistance, abnormalities in glucose homeostasis, and non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). Whether these metabolic disturbances contribute to the developmental origins of exaggerated cardiovascular-renal disease (CVRD) risk accompanying IUGR is unclear. IUGR impacts the pancreas, adipose tissue, and liver, which are hypothesized to program for hepatic insulin r...
Source: American Journal of Physiology. Endocrinology and Metabolism - Category: Physiology Authors: Tags: Am J Physiol Endocrinol Metab Source Type: research
This study was performed to evaluate the various etiologies of CKD among patients presenting to the Department of Nephrology, Guwahati Medical College, a tertiary referral center. A total of 5718 CKD patients were evaluated to identify the cause of CKD. The most common cause was found to be diabetes mellitus in 42.2%, followed by chronic glomerulonephritis in 21.4%, hypertension in 19.5%, obstructive uropathy in 6.9%, chronic interstitial nephritis in 3.6%, and autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease in 1.5% of the patients. Nearly 2.7% of the patients had CKD of unknown etiology. Most of the common causes of CKD are ...
Source: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation - Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Tags: Saudi J Kidney Dis Transpl Source Type: research
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