An Evaluation of the Effects of Antecedent Exercise Type on Stereotypic Behaviors

This study examined the effects of two types of physical activities on stereotypic behaviors (SBs) and task engagement of young children with autism spectrum disorder. Locomotor activities and object manipulation activities were applied to three preschoolers with autism spectrum disorder. A multi-element design with a three-component test sequence (Morrison et al.Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis,44, 523 –541,2011) was used to identify changes in SBs and task engagement in the following three consecutive 5-min phases: pre-physical activity (pre-PA), physical activity (PA), and post-physical activity (post-PA). For the locomotor activity condition, all participants engaged in less SBs in post-PA compared to pre-PA, while increased SBs were observed in post-PA compared to pre-PA for the object manipulation activity condition. Positive effects of locomotor activities on task engagement were found, but the effects were clear to only one of the three participants.
Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities - Category: Disability Source Type: research

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NHS England asked an “inadequate” hospital for people with learning disabilities and autism to admit a patient, despite the service having a “voluntary” ban on admissions in place — and shortly before inspectors decided to impose a legal restriction.
Source: HSJ - Category: UK Health Source Type: news
Patient safety is the number one priority in health care as safety is considered at every level of a health care organization (e.g., building, equipment, communication, processes for medications, treatments, and surgical procedures). Addressing the welfare of patients can be challenging, yet for some of the most vulnerable patients (e.g., special needs, disabilities and mental and social health issues), even the most routine nursing requests can put them at a safety risk. Simulations provide an opportunity for nursing students and professional nurses with realistic experiences caring for individuals with unique needs, espe...
Source: Clinical Simulation in Nursing - Category: Nursing Authors: Tags: Featured Article Source Type: research
We report seven, unrelated patients with developmental delays or intellectual disability and heterozygous, de novo sequence variants in JMJD1C. All patients had developmental delays, but there were no consistent additional findings. Two patients were reported to have seizures for which there was no other identified cause. De novo, deleterious sequence variants in JMJD1C have previously been reported in patients with autism spectrum disorder and a phenotype resembling classical Rett syndrome, but only one JMJD1C variant has undergone functional evaluation. In all of the seven patients in this report, there was a plausible, ...
Source: European Journal of Medical Genetics - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Authors: Tags: Eur J Med Genet Source Type: research
AbstractN ε‐lysine acetylation of nascent glycoproteins within the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) lumen regulates the efficiency of the secretory pathway. The ER acetylation machinery consists of the membrane transporter, acetyl‐CoA transporter 1 (AT‐1/SLC33A1), and two acetyltransferases, ATase1/NAT8B and ATase2/NAT8. Dysfunctional ER acetylation is associated with severe neurological diseases with duplication ofAT ‐1/SLC33A1 being associated with autism spectrum disorder, intellectual disability, and dysmorphism. Neuron ‐specific AT‐1 overexpression in the mouse alters neuron morphology and function, caus...
Source: Journal of Neurochemistry - Category: Neuroscience Authors: Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research
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Source: Brain Stimulation - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
This article describes and discusses the indications, technical aspects and results of refractive surgery for children with developmental delay and intellectual disability. PMID: 31940059 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Der Ophthalmologe - Category: Opthalmology Authors: Tags: Ophthalmologe Source Type: research
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Source: SharpBrains - Category: Neuroscience Authors: Tags: Cognitive Neuroscience Education & Lifelong Learning Technology adhd autism Brain Balance brain training brain training centers BrainRx Direct-to-Consumer LearningRx Neurotechnology Source Type: blogs
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Source: European Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
People with learning disabilities or autism will continue to suffer “serious side-effects” amid further delays to a national programme aimed at stopping overuse of medicines to control their behaviour, a former national clinical director has warned.
Source: HSJ - Category: UK Health Source Type: news
(University of Connecticut) A startup with roots at the University of Connecticut is now bringing robots into special education classrooms around the world. Movia Robotics Inc., based in Bristol, Conn., has developed technology that helps children on the autism spectrum with social skills, learning readiness, and academics.
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news
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