The Impact of a Case of Ebola Virus Disease on Emergency Department Visits in Metropolitan Dallas-Fort Worth, TX, July, 2013 –July, 2015: An Interrupted Time Series Analysis

Background and Rationale Ebola virus disease (EVD) is a rare but deadly and highly contagious zoonotic infection first recognized in 1976 in rural Central Africa.1,2 Though associated with high mortality, the remote locations characterized by low population density of these early outbreaks, curtailed extensive exposure.1 In stark contrast, the 2014 EVD outbreaks in West Africa (Guinea, Liberia, and Sierra Leone) occurred primarily in urban areas. 1,23 Widespread morbidity and mortality are associated with the hemorrhagic fever caused by the virus. An unprecedented number of cases (>28,600) were reported since the first confirmed case in March 2014.3,4 Among clinical cases, 2 in 5 died from EVD.4,5 With thousands of persons at-risk for EVD and an overwhelmed health care system, the World Health Organization declared the West African outbreak an epidemic in March 2014556 and in August 2014 a Public Health Emergency of International Concern.1 In an international effort to assist affected countries, and reduce the likelihood of disease spread, a number of countries supplied humanitarian aid including volunteers, medical aid, and sanitation equipment to affected countries.3,5,6 Clinicians, epidemiologists, and other health care providers, as well as business and personal travelers to and from the epidemic epicenters heightened the concern for global transmission of EVD.56 In response, the World Health Organization, the United States Department of Health and Human Services (HHS...
Source: PLOS Currents Outbreaks - Category: Epidemiology Authors: Source Type: research

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Authors: Borrego Garcia E, Ruiz Sancho AL, Plaza Lara E, Díaz Gómez L, Delgado Ureña A PMID: 31955900 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Nefrologia : publicacion oficial de la Sociedad Espanola Nefrologia - Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Nefrologia Source Type: research
Letter of Intent Deadline Date: February 21, 2020 Program Guidelines: NSF 20-530NSF solicits proposals to manage the operations and maintenance of the National Ecological Observatory Network (NEON), an NSF-funded major facility project.  NEON comprises terrestrial, aquatic, atmospheric, and remote sensing measurement infrastructure and cyberinfrastructure that deliver standardized, calibrated data to the scientific community through a single, openly accessible data portal.  NEON infrastructure is geographically distributed across the United States, ...More at
Source: NSF Upcoming Due Dates - Category: Science Source Type: funding
Recent years have witnessed the proliferation of victim-focused positions inside and outside the criminal justice system, yet little is known about the occupational characteristics and organizational context of this field in the United States. In this arti...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news
This study investigates the effect of high glucose and hypoxic conditions on TLR4 activation and signalling in  vitro and in vivo.
Source: Journal of Vascular Surgery - Category: Surgery Authors: Source Type: research
The recent article by Hicks et  al1 is very helpful in clarifying the long-standing debate concerning arteriovenous (AV) access ligation following successful kidney transplantation. The authors found that AV access ligation is uncommon in the United States, is not associated with post-transplantation allograft failure, and offer ed no reduction in all-cause mortality. They concluded that AV access ligation should be reserved for access-related complications, such as dialysis access-associated hand ischemia.
Source: Journal of Vascular Surgery - Category: Surgery Authors: Tags: Letter to the Editor Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: In young dogs with generalized demodicosis, genetic and immunological factors seem to play a role in the pathogenesis and affected dogs should not be bred. In old dogs and cats, underlying immunosuppressive conditions contributing to demodicosis should be explored. Deep skin scrapings are the diagnostic gold standard for demodicosis, but trichograms and tape squeeze preparations may also be useful under certain circumstances. Amitraz, macrocyclic lactones and more recently isoxazolines have all demonstrated good efficacy in the treatment of canine demodicosis. Therapeutic selection should be guided by local dr...
Source: Veterinary Dermatology - Category: Veterinary Research Authors: Tags: Vet Dermatol Source Type: research
[Premium Times] At least 16 people have so far died in a fresh outbreak of Lassa Fever in Ondo State, the state government has confirmed.
Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine - Category: African Health Source Type: news
Thailand has found a second case of a new Chinese coronavirus, authorities said on Friday, as they ramped up checks on Chinese visitors, nearly a million of whom are expected for Lunar New Year holidays next week.Reuters Health Information
Source: Medscape Critical Care Headlines - Category: Intensive Care Tags: Pulmonary Medicine News Source Type: news
[New Times] The Ministry of Health has cautioned Rwandans who travel to Asian countries to take preventive measures against the Novel Coronavirus that has been reported in Asian countries.
Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine - Category: African Health Source Type: news
(University of Michigan) Fully vaccinating children reduces the risk of hospitalization associated with influenza by 54%, according to a study by researchers at the University of Michigan, the Clalit Research Institute, and Ben-Gurion University in Israel.
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news
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