NLM Joins National Capital Area Institutions to Host

During the week of July 16, 2018, NLM will join the Library of Congress, the National Archives and Records Administration, and The Catholic University of America, to host Flu! The 1918 Spanish Influenza in American and World History, a National Endowment for the Humanities (NEH) Summer Seminar for K-12 Teachers, organized by Virginia Tech through an NEH grant to that institution.
Source: NLM General Announcements - Category: Databases & Libraries Source Type: news

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Few viruses have shaped the course of human history more than influenza viruses. A century since the 1918 –1919 Spanish influenza pandemic—the largest and deadliest influenza pandemic in recorded history—we hav...
Source: Critical Care - Category: Intensive Care Authors: Tags: Review Source Type: research
This study was conducted to enhance the rate of advance care planning conversations and documentation by improving knowledge, attitudes, and skills of caregivers.      Read more   Violence and Trauma ...
Source: Johns Hopkins University and Health Systems Archive - Category: Nursing Source Type: news
A recent study in this journal compared codon usage among NA subtypes (N1, N2, N6, and N8)  of H5Nx highly pathogenic avian influenza A viruses (HPAIVs) and suggested that codon usage in N1 subtype is better adapted to its host than the epidemic NA subtypes (N6 and N8), which had fewer number of human cases compared to the N1 subtype.1 To date, there are 18 known HA subtypes (H1-H18) and 11 known NA subtypes (N1-N11)2. However, only N1 and N2 subtypes have been reported to cause pandemics (H1N1 for the 1918 and 2009 pandemics; H2N2 for the 1957 pandemic; and H3N2 for the 1968 pandemic) or seasonal outbreaks in humans3.
Source: Journal of Infection - Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Tags: Letter to the Editor Source Type: research
When high schoolers in New York City were curious whether the sushi in their local market contained the kind of fish that was advertised, GenBank held the clues. When historians wanted to identify the sequence of the lethal pandemic 1918 influenza virus that killed millions worldwide, they found the answer through GenBank. When physicians were…
Source: NLM In Focus - Category: Databases & Libraries Authors: Tags: Programs & Services Source Type: blogs
Publication date: Available online 30 September 2019Source: The Lancet Respiratory MedicineAuthor(s): Richard T Davey, Eduardo Fernández-Cruz, Norman Markowitz, Sarah Pett, Abdel G Babiker, Deborah Wentworth, Surender Khurana, Nicole Engen, Fred Gordin, Mamta K Jain, Virginia Kan, Mark N Polizzotto, Paul Riska, Kiat Ruxrungtham, Zelalem Temesgen, Jens Lundgren, John H Beigel, H Clifford Lane, James D Neaton, Richard T DaveySummaryBackgroundSince the 1918 influenza pandemic, non-randomised studies and small clinical trials have suggested that convalescent plasma or anti-influenza hyperimmune intravenous immunoglobuli...
Source: The Lancet Respiratory Medicine - Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research
Influenza infection is considered to be a serious respiratory disease in human. Annually, epidemics or even pandemics give rise to the frequent antigenetic variations of virus surface receptors, throughout the world. Bacterial infections followed by influenza are the biggest medical concerns associated with elevated mortality rates. These high morbidity and mortality rates, have become a priority in terms of health. Likewise, economic aspects of the issue have special importance also. In the present study, several articles have been investigated with regards to main key words including influenza A, secondary bacterial inf...
Source: Reviews in Medical Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Tags: VIROLOGY Source Type: research
The event kicks off “Spit Spreads Death,” an exhibition about this city’s health disaster and the worldwide influenza pandemic nearly a hundred years ago.
Source: Washington Post: To Your Health - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Source Type: news
Abstract It remains uncertain why most infectious disease mortalities disappeared before modern medical interventions. Historical epidemiology using prospectively collected U.S. Army data from the Civil War (1860-1861), Spanish-American War (1898-1899), and First World War (1917-1918) suggests that epidemiological isolation was a major mortality risk factor for soldiers. Morbidity and mortality due to common infections decreased progressively from 1860 to 1918, except for influenza during the 1918 pandemic. Adult measles or mumps infections are indicative of isolated rural populations and correlated with disease m...
Source: The American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene - Category: Tropical Medicine Authors: Tags: Am J Trop Med Hyg Source Type: research
By Jan LundiusSTOCKHOLM / ROME, Sep 12 2019 (IPS) When I in 1980 first arrived in America it was a new world to me. I went from New York to Puerto Rico and the Dominican Republic and like so many visitors and migrants before me I was overwhelmed by both familiar and strange impressions. Familiar due to books I had read and movies I had seen, strange since I encountered unexpected things and new because both I and several of those I met compared themselves to the “old world”, i.e. Euroasia and parts of Africa. A sense of uniqueness, admiration for an assumed freshness and difference, can be discerned in the wri...
Source: IPS Inter Press Service - Health - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Tags: Crime & Justice Development & Aid Economy & Trade Featured Global Headlines Health Human Rights Migration & Refugees TerraViva United Nations Source Type: news
by Alexander D. Becker, Amy Wesolowski, Ottar N. Bj ørnstad, Bryan T. Grenfell A key question in ecology is the relative impact of internal nonlinear dynamics and external perturbations on the long-term trajectories of natural systems. Measles has been analyzed extensively as a paradigm for consumer-resource dynamics due to the oscillatory nature of the host-pathogen life cy cle, the abundance of rich data to test theory, and public health relevance. The dynamics of measles in London, in particular, has acted as a prototypical test bed for such analysis using incidence data from the pre-vaccination era (1944–...
Source: PLoS Computational Biology - Category: Biology Authors: Source Type: research
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