A Closer Look at Transcendence and Its Relationship to Mental Health

AbstractExperiences of transcendence can promote growth, creativity and altruism, but often exist in tension with critical thought and can feature problematically in certain mental disorders. Identification of the core elements in the experience of transcendence-suspending disbelief, being moved or inspired, surrendering oneself and identifying within a larger context, can clarify its relationship to psychopathology, and the basis for a clinician ’s role. To help individuals engage transcendent resources well, clinicians can help patients recognize how depression and trauma may interfere with engagement, masochistic and magical tendencies may distort healthy self-surrender, and vulnerability to social pressure may interfere with mature ide ntification with a larger context or community.
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

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Authors: Moritz S, Bernardini J, Lion D Abstract Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) and major depression disorder (MDD) are underdiagnosed and undertreated mental disorders. Prior studies have verified the efficacy of the self-help manual My Metacognitive Training (myMCT) for patients with primary OCD. As depression and OCD share a number of (meta)cognitive biases and dysfunctional coping strategies, we examined the efficacy of myMCT in a mixed patient sample with OCD and/or depression. A total of 80 Italian-speaking individuals with symptoms of OCD and/or depression were randomized to either myMCT or to a waitlis...
Source: European Archives of Psychiatry and Clinical Neuroscience - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Eur Arch Psychiatry Clin Neurosci Source Type: research
Authors: Amini-Tehrani M, Nasiri M, Jalali T, Sadeghi R, Ghotbi A, Zamanian H Abstract BACKGROUND: Suicide is increasing in young Iranian population, which necessitates the employing of valid, yet abridged instruments assessing the constellation of suicide-related behaviors. The study aimed at validating Suicide Behavior Questionnaire-Revised (SBQ-R) among Iranian undergraduates. METHODS: A total of 487 undergraduates were surveyed in 2018. Construct validity of SBQ-R was examined via confirmatory factor analysis (CFA), and Spearman's correlation with two single-item indices of suicide acceptability (SA) and li...
Source: Asian Journal of Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Asian J Psychiatr Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: This is the first study to characterize the neurocognitive effects of combined RUL-UB ECT and venlafaxine in elderly adults with MDD and provides new evidence for the tolerability of RUL-UB ECT in an elderly sample. Of the cognitive domains assessed, only phonemic fluency, complex visual scanning, and cognitive flexibility qualitatively declined from low average to mildly impaired. While some acute changes in neurocognitive performance were statistically significant, the majority of the indices as based on the effect sizes remained relatively stable. PMID: 31706638 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: The American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Am J Geriatr Psychiatry Source Type: research
Authors: Muneer A Abstract Major psychiatric disorders are linked to early mortality and patients afflicted with these ailments demonstrate an increased risk of developing physical diseases that are characteristically seen in the elderly. Psychiatric conditions like major depressive disorder, bipolar disorder, and schizophrenia may be associated with accelerated cellular aging, indicated by shortened leukocyte telomere length (LTL), which could underlie this connection. Telomere shortening occurs with repeated cell division and is reflective of a cell's mitotic history. It is also influenced by cumulative...
Source: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology - Category: Research Tags: Adv Exp Med Biol Source Type: research
Authors: Shoib S, Kim YK Abstract Suicide is a serious public health problem in many countries and has always been a source of apprehension and quest to human mankind, which can be resolved with due diligence. Suicide is a hidden and silent epidemic, with many causative factors. Studying and researching on various causative factors have always been the subject of significance for the researchers. Psychiatric illnesses happen to be the primary reasons for the majority of suicide mortality cases. Not only this, there has been a consistent increase in the no. of cases of mental disorders as well as attempted and compl...
Source: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology - Category: Research Tags: Adv Exp Med Biol Source Type: research
Authors: Jeon SW, Yoon HK, Kim YK Abstract Psychiatric disorders are too multifactorial to be defined as a primarily inflammatory disorder, and increased inflammatory response is not specific to mental disorder only. Numerous factors are involved in neuroinflammation, and there also are many confounding variables, making it difficult to obtain consistent outcomes. Therefore, it is necessary to specify genetic, physiological, and epidemiological attributes of particular population groups vulnerable to inflammatory response as well as the disease subtypes. As of now, definitive inflammatory markers for psychiatric di...
Source: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology - Category: Research Tags: Adv Exp Med Biol Source Type: research
Authors: Lee TY, Kim M, Kwon JS Abstract Early detection and early intervention approach targets people at-risk stages who are very close to conversion to illness, or patients who have just transited the illness stage and have not, yet, become chronic. Rigorous efforts have been put in for early detection and early intervention in psychiatry. A high-risk population is identified by clinical manifestations that, as per their severity and suffering, do not yet meet the diagnostic criteria of psychiatric disorders. There have been attempts to break through the existing phenotype-based diagnostic system using biomarker...
Source: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology - Category: Research Tags: Adv Exp Med Biol Source Type: research
Authors: Lee HJ, Kim SH, Lee MS Abstract Mood disorders include all types of depression and bipolar disorder, and mood disorders are sometimes called affective disorders. We will discuss newly developing two issues in affective disorders in children and adolescents. Those are the new diagnostic challenges using neuroimaging techniques in affective disorders and the introduction of disruptive mood dysregulation disorder (DMDD). During the 1980s, mental health professionals began to recognize symptoms of mood disorders in children and adolescents, as well as adults. However, children and adolescents do not necessaril...
Source: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology - Category: Research Tags: Adv Exp Med Biol Source Type: research
Authors: Aydin O, Unal Aydin P, Arslan A Abstract This chapter presents an overview of accumulating neuroimaging data with emphasis on translational potential. The subject will be described in the context of three disease states, i.e., schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, and major depressive disorder, and for three clinical goals, i.e., disease risk assessment, subtyping, and treatment decision. PMID: 31705495 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology - Category: Research Tags: Adv Exp Med Biol Source Type: research
Authors: Farhat NS, Theiss R, Santini T, Ibrahim TS, Aizenstein HJ Abstract Cerebral small vessel disease is associated with late-life depression, cognitive impairment, executive dysfunction, distress, and loss of life for older adults. Late-life depression is becoming a substantial public health burden, and a considerable number of older adults presenting to primary care have significant clinical depression. Even though white matter hyperintensities are linked with small vessel disease, white matter hyperintensities are nonspecific to small vessel disease and can co-occur with other brain diseases. Advanced neuroi...
Source: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology - Category: Research Tags: Adv Exp Med Biol Source Type: research
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