BioLineRx doses first patient in BL-8040 Phase I trial for stem cell mobilisation

Israel-based biopharmaceutical firm BioLineRx has dosed first patient in a two-part Phase I trial for a second indication of its BL-8040 cancer therapy platform, as a new stem cell mobilisation treatment.
Source: Drug Development Technology - Category: Pharmaceuticals Source Type: news

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The nucleolus is a dynamic structure that has roles in various physiological and pathophysiological processes. Perturbations on many aspects of the nucleolar functions are thought to cause “nucleolar stress”, which occurs in response to a variety of chemotherapeutic drugs. The main characteristic changes of nucleolar stress include: 1) reduction of the size and volume of the nucleolus; 2) inhibition of RNA Pol I-mediated rRNA synthesis; and 3) nucleoplasmic translocation of nucleolar stress-related proteins. In studying the apoptosis-inducing effect of the natural compound lovastatin (LV) on breast cancer stem ...
Source: Journal of Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Short Research Communication Source Type: research
With the development of cancer treatments, it has become a popular research focus that mesenchymal stem (or stromal) cells (MSCs) have the functional mechanisms that influence cancer progression. One of the underestimated mechanisms is secretion of highly specialized double-membrane structures called exosomes. Mesenchymal stem cells generate several exosomes that may act as paracrine mediators by exchanging genetic information. MSC-derived exosomes are microvesicles ranging from approximately 60-200 nm in size and detected in various body fluids. It has been demonstrated that MSC-derived exosomes are involved in tumor grow...
Source: Journal of Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Review Source Type: research
Authors: Wang S, Miao Z, Yang Q, Wang Y, Zhang J Abstract Colon cancer is still one of the most common causes of cancer in human and is characterized by lymphocyte infiltrates and originates from the epithelial cells found in the lining of colon or rectum of the gastrointestinal tract. Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are composed of the multipotent stem cell group of stroma and can be differentiated as various cell lineages, such as fibroblasts, osteoblasts, and adipocytes. MSCs provide mechanical and structural support and have potential functions during tumor growth and metastasis. The efficacy of MSC-based therapi...
Source: Canadian Journal of Gastroenterology - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Can J Gastroenterol Hepatol Source Type: research
This article, however, is more of a commentary on high level strategy and the effects of regulation, coupled with a desire to forge ahead rather than hold back in the matter of treating aging, thus I concur with much more of what is said than is usually the case. For decades, one of the most debated questions in gerontology was whether aging is a disease or the norm. At present, excellent reasoning suggests aging should be defined as a disease - indeed, aging has been referred to as "normal disease." Aging is the sum of all age-related diseases and this sum is the best biomarker of aging. Aging and its d...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
At the present time, the main focus of therapeutic development involving senescent cells is the safe, selective destruction of as many such cells as possible. The accumulation of senescent cells is an important cause of aging and age-related pathology, and removing even just a quarter or a half of them - and in only some organs and tissues - has been shown to significantly extend life and improve health in mice. The first human trials are underway and the results will be published over the next year or so. While senescent cells do a good job of accelerating our demise, it is undeniably the case that these cells also...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Medicine, Biotech, Research Source Type: blogs
Conclusions:In population-based analyses, the survival of t-MDS remains dismal with outcomes particularly worse with advancing age and following primary cancer sites that are typically managed with combined modality regimens including chemotherapy and radiation. Findings from the real-world population level data such as this should be used as outcome benchmarks in clinical trials to assess therapeutic effectiveness of experimental treatments.DisclosuresGerds: Apexx Oncology: Consultancy; Celgene: Consultancy; Incyte: Consultancy; CTI Biopharma: Consultancy. Nazha: MEI: Consultancy. Carraway: Jazz: Speakers Bureau; FibroGen...
Source: Blood - Category: Hematology Authors: Tags: 904. Outcomes Research-Malignant Conditions: Outcomes in Myeloid Malignancies and Allogeneic Stem Cell Transplant Source Type: research
Natural killer (NK) cells are crucial effector cells of the innate immune system capable of rapidly recognizing and eliminating infected, stressed and malignant cells. NK cells are also the prime mediators of antibody-dependent cell-mediated cytotoxicity (ADCC), a potent mechanism of anti-viral immunity that has been applied to cancer therapy by targeting tumor-expressed surface antigens using monoclonal antibodies (mAbs). Classical ADCC is mediated by low affinity Fc-mediated engagement of NK cells via FcRIIIA (CD16A) and is modulated by differences in target antigen expression levels. While high potency of therapeutic mA...
Source: Blood - Category: Hematology Authors: Tags: 652. Myeloma: Pathophysiology and Pre-Clinical Studies, excluding Therapy: Poster I Source Type: research
Cryopreservation of testicular tissue before cancer therapy for fertility preservation in prepubertal boys with cancer is of great interest in reproductive medicine. Isolation of spermatogonial stem cells (SSCs) from cryopreserved tissues would be a suitable cell source to re ‐establish spermatogenesis after cancer therapy. We herein establish optimized protocols for cryopreservation of human testicular tissue and isolation of SSCs from cryopreserved tissue. We developed a freezing protocol that provided high testicular cell viability and supported structural integrity and tubular epithelium coherence similar to fresh ti...
Source: Journal of Cellular Biochemistry - Category: Biochemistry Authors: Tags: RESEARCH ARTICLE Source Type: research
Adults diagnosed with acute myeloid leukemia have a poor prognosis, with only 30% surviving at five years. Despite advances in our understanding of the molecular underpinnings of AML, the chemotherapy backbone used to treat most patients (combination cytarabine and anthracycline) remains unchanged since 1973.With the goal of identifying a new differentiation therapy, we previously performed a small molecule phenotypic screen to find compounds that triggered myeloid maturation. Unexpectedly, our most active hits were inhibitors of the enzyme dihydroorotate dehydrogenase (DHODH). The DHODH-inhibitor brequinar demonstrated dr...
Source: Blood - Category: Hematology Authors: Tags: 616. Acute Myeloid Leukemia: Novel Therapy, excluding Transplantation: Poster II Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONHigh-grade toxicity occurred after the DLT period in 41.3% of patients with R/R DLBCL, suggesting that the conventional concept of dose-limiting toxicity should be redefined in the era of modern cancer therapies. Besides, even if the phase 1 selection for clinical trials is very selective, it's necessary to better orient patients in hematology. In fact, 36.6% of patients were prematurely withdrawing of study which could be anticipated thanks to the identification of prognostics' factors. Although the objective response is only a secondary endpoint in phase I clinical trials, the median duration of participation i...
Source: Blood - Category: Hematology Authors: Tags: 627. Aggressive Lymphoma (Diffuse Large B-Cell and Other Aggressive B-Cell Non-Hodgkin Lymphomas)-Results from Retrospective/Observational Studies: Poster II Source Type: research
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