Skin cancer calculator can determine your risk of melanoma

Melanoma is the fifth most common cancer in the UK. Figures suggest it kills nearly 2,500 people across the home nations each year.
Source: the Mail online | Health - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

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The novel immunotherapy drug mixture of tremelimumab and Imfinzi (durvalumab) produced encouraging results in the first phase II mesothelioma clinical trial examining this combination. The study, which included 40 mesothelioma patients in Italy, was published in the June 2018 edition of The Lancet Respiratory Medicine. Similar — or even more promising — results with this combination are expected to follow soon in the United States. “Results from this study are very promising,” investigator Dr. Luana Calabro, Siena University Hospital, told Asbestos.com. “This regimen also has shown a good safe...
Source: Asbestos and Mesothelioma News - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Source Type: news
Conclusions: The results suggest that Rigvir® in vitro reduces the viability of cells of human melanoma, rhabdomyosarcoma, gastric adenocarcinoma, lung carcinoma, pancreas adenocarcinoma but not in PBMC. The presence of Rigvir® in the sensitive cells was confirmed using anti-ECHO-7 antibodies. The present results suggest that a mechanism of action for the clinical benefit of Rigvir® is its cytolytic properties. The present results suggest that the effect of Rigvir® could be tested in other cancers besides melanoma. Further studies of possible Rigvir® entry receptors are needed.
Source: Journal of Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Research Paper Source Type: research
Conclusion: Our data proved that LCL-SIM antitumor activity in C26 colon carcinoma was based on cytotoxic effects on these cancer cells and suppressive actions on tumor angiogenesis and inflammation.
Source: Journal of Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Research Paper Source Type: research
Glycoprotein non-metastatic B (GPNMB), a type I transmembrane glycoprotein, is overexpressed in melanoma and breast cancer and promotes cancer-cell invasion and motility. We previously reported cross-talk between GPNMB and human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) in breast cancer, suggesting that GPNMB might play an important role in resistance to anti-HER2 therapy in breast cancer. Here, we clarified the association between GPNMB and HER-family proteins in gastrointestinal cancer by examining their relationships using gastric and colorectal cancer cell lines. We found that GPNMB depletion of by small-interfering RN...
Source: Journal of Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Research Paper Source Type: research
Cancer vaccines have been exclusively studied all through the past decades, and have made exceptional achievements in cancer treatment. Few cancer vaccines have been approved by the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA), for instance, Provenge, which was approved for the treatment of prostate carcinoma in 2012. Moreover, more recently, T-VEC got approval for the treatment of melanoma. While, the overall therapeutic effects of cancer vaccines have been taken into consideration as below expectations, low antigenicity of targeting antigen and tumor heterogeneity are the two key limiting barriers encountered by the cancer vacc...
Source: Journal of Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Review Source Type: research
GSK3 (Glycogen Synthase Kinase-3) function in brain is contributed by two distinct gene GSK3 alpha and GSK3 beta. Present findings indicate that imbalance in between GSK3 alpha and beta isoform contributes oncogenesis. In gliomas, GSK3 isoform specific functions are different then as reported for melanoma, prostate cancer, lung cancer etc. Both the isoforms of GSK3 are inversely regulating hnRNPA1 (RNA binding protein) expression, subsequently affecting RNA alternative splicing (BIN1, RON, Mcl1, PKM) in gliomas. Elevated expression of c-Myc, hnRNPA1, Phospo-ERK1/2 and Cyclin D1 in GSK3 alpha knock down cells, resembles GSK...
Source: Journal of Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Research Paper Source Type: research
Conclusions: Our meta-analysis demonstrates that compared with chemotherapy, pembrolizumab may result in a higher risk of all-grade immune-mediated colitis. PD-1/PD-L1 inhibitor treatment in NSCLC patients, but not in melanoma patients, increases the risk of all-grade colitis incidence.
Source: Journal of Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Research Paper Source Type: research
In this study, AURKA copy gain (set as more than 2.0 copies) was detected in 24.6% (116/472) of the samples. We did not observe any obvious correlation between clinicopathological characteristics and AURKA copy gain of the patients. However, patients with AURKA copy gain had a significantly shorter overall survival time (OS) and progression-free survival time (PFS) than those with normal AURKA CN (OS: P = 0.022; PFS: P
Source: Journal of Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Research Paper Source Type: research
Purpose: Tumor mutational burden (TMB) calculated by whole-exome sequencing (WES) is proved to be effective to predict the clinical benefit of immune checkpoint blockades. However, WES is not commonly used in China. We aimed to determine if a 381-caner-gene panel (CGP) could be used to estimate TMB, delineate the landscape of TMB of Chinese patients and identify mutated genes and pathways related to higher TMB.Methods: We first evaluated the correlation between the TMB estimated by a 381-cancer-gene panel MasterView and WES using the data from the melanoma sample cohort. 3023 formalin fixed, paraffin-embedded tumor specime...
Source: Journal of Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Research Paper Source Type: research
Conclusions: The results suggested that the antitumor activities of the vaccine partially rely on the Myd88 signaling pathway. Interestingly, compared to whole tumor cell lysate-based vaccine, M/CpG-ODN-TRP2-Lipo, tumor specific antigen peptide-based vaccine, improved survival of tumor-bearing mice as well as enhanced their antitumor responses. All in all, we describe a novel vaccine formulation, M/CpG-ODN-TRP2-Lipo, with the aim of improving antitumor responses by alleviating the immunosuppressive environment in tumors.
Source: Theranostics - Category: Molecular Biology Authors: Tags: Research Paper Source Type: research
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