Music therapy song writing with mothers of preterm babies in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU) – A mixed-methods pilot study

This study presents the results of a mixed- methods pilot study measuring the impact of music therapy song writing on bonding, depression, anxiety levels and mental wellbeing in mothers of preterm babies in a Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU) in Colombia. The study included 15 mothers and their medically stable babies born between the 28th and 34th week of gestation. The quantitative data were collected with the Mother-to-Infant Bonding Scale (MIBS), the Short Warwick-Edinburgh Mental Well-Being Scale (SWEMWBS) and the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS). The qualitative data was collected with semi-structured interviews and was analysed using thematic analysis. The quantitative results indicate favourable effects of music therapy song writing on all outcome measures. While it was not aimed to achieve any statistical significant differences due to the small sample size, the data suggests that music therapy song writing might be especially effective for mothers at risk for an impaired bonding and for mothers with higher anxiety levels or depressive symptoms. The qualitative analysis showed that composing welcome songs for their preterm babies can be a way for parents to creatively express their emotions and thoughts during their baby’s hospitalization and can promote relaxation, parental skills and a successful parent-infant communication.
Source: Arts in Psychotherapy - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

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The Patient-Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System (PROMIS) assessment includes computerized adaptive tests (CATs) that assess function, pain, depression, and anxiety. The influence of mental health on patients' self-reported pain and function has not been explored using PROMIS in patients with symptomatic glenohumeral osteoarthritis.
Source: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery - Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Tags: Original Article Source Type: research
Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a complex endocrine condition that represents a lifelong health concern for 1 in 10 women worldwide.1 PCOS is commonly diagnosed by the presence of ovulatory dysfunction, androgen excess, and/or ovaries with polycystic morphology on ultrasound examination.2 Half of patients experience overweight or obesity.3 Most are at increased risk for serious comorbidities, including infertility, pregnancy complications (eg, gestational diabetes mellitus), impaired glucose tolerance, insulin resistance, type 2 diabetes mellitus, cardiovascular disease, gynecological cancers, anxiety, depression, eati...
Source: Journal of the American Dietetic Association - Category: Nutrition Authors: Tags: Research Source Type: research
In the United States (U.S.) today, the prevalence of pain conditions is high, with an estimated 25 million adults experiencing pain lasting three months or more (Nahin, 2015). Among adults with persistent pain, co-occurring, complex symptoms such as anxiety (de Heer et al., 2014), depression (Hooten, 2016; Rayner et al., 2016), and poor-quality sleep (Finan, Goodin,&Smith, 2013) can exacerbate the pain experience and negatively impact quality of life (Kroenke et al., 2013). Many adults with persistent pain who use opioid medications for pain management also report using cannabis to treat pain and related symptoms (Sext...
Source: Nursing Outlook - Category: Nursing Authors: Source Type: research
ABSTRACT Objective: To determine the impact of adherence to long-term oxygen therapy (LTOT) on quality of life, dyspnea, and exercise capacity in patients with COPD and exertional hypoxemia followed for one year. Methods: Patients experiencing severe hypoxemia during a six-minute walk test (6MWT) performed while breathing room air but not at rest were included in the study. At baseline and after one year of follow-up, all patients were assessed for comorbidities, body composition, SpO2, and dyspnea, as well as for anxiety and depression, having also undergone spirometry, arterial blood gas analysis, and the 6MWT with suppl...
Source: Jornal Brasileiro de Pneumologia - Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: Inflammatory Bowel Disease Questionnaire and Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale showed that outpatients of a tertiary care center for inflammatory bowel disease in Brazil presented good quality of life. The worst quality of life was associated with the intensity of the disease activity.RESUMO CONTEXTO: A doen ça inflamatória do intestino afeta frequentemente os pacientes em idade de trabalho, comprometendo a qualidade de vida em vários níveis: físico, psicológico, familiar e social. Poucos estudos avaliaram o impacto da doença inflamatória do intestino ...
Source: Arquivos de Gastroenterologia - Category: Gastroenterology Source Type: research
Conclusions: Psoriasis has a negative impact in the quality of life of children, adolescents and their families, even in the presence of mild disease. Considering that impairment in quality of life may be associated with psychosocial morbidity, a combined approach with medical therapy, family counseling and quality of life assessment may be beneficial in this patient group.
Source: Anais Brasileiros de Dermatologia - Category: Dermatology Source Type: research
Abstract Young competitive athletes ( ≤ 35 years old) with or without a previous diagnosis of cardiovascular disease may suddenly die in competitive activities, potentially leading to an impact in society through the media. Although the relative risk for sudden death (SD) in athletes is twice as high as for their counterparts, the absolute incidence is low. While there is consensus among medical societies worldwide that early detection of causal factors is highly desirable, there is debate among different screening schemes to that end. In Brazil, the recommendations of the Brazilian Society of Cardiology mirror the guid...
Source: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
Conclusions: Military parturients receiving group prenatal care in the CenteringPregnancy model were less likely to deliver an small for gestational age or large for gestational age newborn and were more likely to be satisfied with their access to care. Group prenatal care is well received by patients and may positively influence neonatal metabolic status. PMID: 30535396 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Military Medicine - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Mil Med Source Type: research
DISCUSSION AND LIMITATIONS: In contrast to existing evidence, we find that ADHD is not more serious than learning disabilities or depression. Although the magnitude of each employment gap is not substantial, the fact that these are comorbid disorders indicates that their joint occurrence could be detrimental for employment. Females and African Americans with learning disabilities could face more adverse labor market outcomes. Even though our results are robust to a more exogenous measure of depression, the potential endogeneity of the diagnosis of ADHD or anxiety could still bias the estimates. However, baseline results ar...
Source: Journal of Mental Health Policy and Economics - Category: Psychiatry Tags: J Ment Health Policy Econ Source Type: research
This study is among the first to examine a possible mechanism by which shame can lead to ISDB, providing potential points of intervention for treatment.
Source: Journal of Contextual Behavioral Science - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research
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