Genetics linked to empathy in massive study

Genetics plays a role in people's empathy rather than only education and experience, and can help better understand autism, according to a large study.
Source: Health News - - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

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Authors: Shaw CA Abstract In the following, I will consider the impact of aluminum on two major systems, the central nervous system (CNS) and the immune system, across the life span. The article will discuss the presence of aluminum in the biosphere, its history, and the sources of the element. These include food, water cosmetics, some vaccines, and a range of other sources. I will also consider aluminum's unique chemistry. Finally, in humans and animals, I will consider how aluminum may impact the CNS at various levels of organization and how it may be involved in various neurological disease states across the lif...
Source: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology - Category: Research Tags: Adv Exp Med Biol Source Type: research
Brain and Behavior, EarlyView.
Source: Brain and Behavior - Category: Neurology Authors: Source Type: research
Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Nursing, EarlyView.
Source: Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Nursing - Category: Nursing Authors: Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: This study highlighted that supports need to be individualized to the barriers and facilitators faced by Australian students with ASD. Supports also need to be contextualized to the built and social environments of universities. SIGNIFICANCE: This study supports the premise that environmental interventions can be effective in facilitating participation in major life areas, such as university education. Peer mentoring for students with ASD may have utility for this group, but should be extended to include social, emotional and psychological support. PMID: 30301402 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy - Category: Occupational Health Tags: Scand J Occup Ther Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 11 October 2018Source: NeuronAuthor(s): Siavash Fazel Darbandi, Sarah E. Robinson Schwartz, Qihao Qi, Rinaldo Catta-Preta, Emily Lin-Ling Pai, Jeffrey D. Mandell, Amanda Everitt, Anna Rubin, Rebecca A. Krasnoff, Sol Katzman, David Tastad, Alex S. Nord, A. Jeremy Willsey, Bin Chen, Matthew W. State, Vikaas S. Sohal, John L.R. RubensteinSummaryAn understanding of how heterozygous loss-of-function mutations in autism spectrum disorder (ASD) risk genes, such as TBR1, contribute to ASD remains elusive. Conditional Tbr1 deletion during late mouse gestation in cortical layer 6 neurons (Tbr1layer...
Source: Neuron - Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research
The number of children who have not received vaccines for preventable diseases has quadrupled since 2001, to an estimated 100,000 individuals, according to a report released by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Using data from the National Immunization Survey-Child, the CDC report published Thursday found that in 2017, “the percentage of children with no vaccinations by age 2 years increased from 0.9% for children born in 2011 to 1.3% for those born in 2015.” In 2001, that figure was only 0.3%. The survey found that children were least likely to have received vaccinations for hepatitis A and...
Source: TIME: Health - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Uncategorized onetime public health Source Type: news
Abstract Social cognition refers to a set of processes, ranging from perception to decision-making, underlying the ability to decode others' intentions and behaviors to plan actions fitting with social and moral, besides individual and economic considerations. Its centrality in everyday life reflects the neural complexity of social processing and the ubiquity of social cognitive deficits in different pathological conditions. Social cognitive processes can be clustered in three domains associated with (a) perceptual processing of social information such as faces and emotional expressions (social perception), (b) gr...
Source: Biomed Res - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Biomed Res Int Source Type: research
Journal of Sleep Research, EarlyView.
Source: Journal of Sleep Research - Category: Neurology Authors: Source Type: research
Abstract Autism is a developmental disorder with a neurobiological aetiology. Studies of the autistic brain identified atypical developmental trajectories that may lead to an impaired capacity to modulate electroencephalogram activity during sleep. We assessed the topography and characteristics of non-rapid eye movement sleep electroencephalogram slow waves in 26 boys aged between 6 and 13 years old: 13 with an autism spectrum disorder and 13 typically developing. None of the participants was medicated, intellectually disabled, reported poor sleep, or suffered from medical co-morbidities. Results are derived fro...
Source: Journal of Sleep Research - Category: Sleep Medicine Authors: Tags: J Sleep Res Source Type: research
GP practices have an opportunity to gain useful feedback for improving patient care - such as a report, due later this year, about the impact of prescribing certain medications to adults with a learning disability - by joining Clinical Practice Research Datalink (CPRD).
Source: NHS Networks - Category: UK Health Source Type: news
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